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Size of Grand Jury

In the federal system, a grand jury consists of between 16 and 23 people. The size of state grand juries varies widely, as the list below shows. If a state follows federal practice and convenes grand juries that range in size between two numbers--such as between 12 and 18 jurors--the list indicates this by noting that the size is "12-18 jurors." If a state uses a different number of jurors for different kinds of grand juries, the list indicates this by noting that the size can be "23 or 11 or 19" jurors. The last entry for each state is a citation to the court rule, statute or, in a few instances, the case that sets the size of the state's grand juries.

State and Source of Information

Number of Jurors

ALABAMA: CRIMINAL PROCEDURE RULE 12.2(a) 18
ALASKA: CRIMINAL PROCEDURE RULE 6(d) 12-18
ARIZONA:  REVISED STATUTES '21-322(B) 12-16
ARKANSAS: CODE '16-32-201(c) 16
CALIFORNIA: PENAL CODE ''888 & 88.2 23 or 11 or 19
COLORADO:  REVISED STATUTES '13-72-102 12 or 23
CONNECTICUT: GENERAL STATUTES '54-47(b)(3) 1-3
DELAWARE: CODE tit. 10 '4505 10 or 15
D.C.: CRIMINAL PROCEDURE RULE 6(a)(1) 16-23
FLORIDA: STATUTES ''905.01(1) & 905.37(3) 15-18
GEORGIA: CODE '15-12-61(a) & '15-12-100(b) 16-23
HAWAII: CRIMINAL PROCEDURE RULE 6(a) 16
IDAHO: CODE ''2-103 & 2-502 16
ILLINOIS:  REVISED STATUTES ch. 705 &305/16 16
INDIANA:  CODE '35-34-2-2(a) 6
IOWA: CRIMINAL PROCEDURE RULE 3(1) 7
KANSAS:  STATUTES '22-3001(3) 15
KENTUCKY: REVISED STATUTES '29A.200 12
LOUISIANA: CRIMNAL PROCEDURE CODE 413A 12
MAINE: CRIMINAL PROCEDURE RULE 6(a) 13-23
MARYLAND:  Atty. Grievance Com'n v. Bailey, 285 Md. 631, 403 A.2d 1261 (Md. App. 1979) 23
MASSACHUSETTS: GENERAL LAWS ch. 277 '2 23
MICHIGAN:  COMPILED LAWS '767.11 13-17
MINNESOTA: STATUTES '628.41(1) 16-23
MISSISSIPPI: CODE '13-5-41 15-20
MISSOURI:  CONSTITUTION art. I '16 12
MONTANA: CODE 3-15-103 11
NEBRASKA: STATUTES '25-1633 16
NEVADA: REVISED STATUTES ''6.110 & 6.120 17
NEW HAMPSHIRE: State v. Fleury, 114 N.H. 325, 321 A.2d 108 (N.H. 1974) 23
NEW JERSEY: STATUTES '2A:73-1 23
NEW MEXICO: STATUTES '31-6-1 12
NEW YORK: CRIMINAL PROCEDURE LAW '190.05 16-23
NORTH CAROLINA: GENERAL STATUTES '15A-621 12-18
NORTH DAKOTA: CODE ''29-10.1-01; 29-10.2-03 8-11
OHIO: CRIMINAL PROCEDURE RULE 6(A) 9
OKLAHOMA:  STATUTES tit. 22 '311 12
OREGON: REVISED STATUTES '132.010 7
PENNSYLVANIA:  CRIMINAL PROCEDURE RULE 253(a) 23
RHODE ISLAND: GENERAL LAWS ''12-11-1 & 12-11.1-1 13-23
SOUTH CAROLINA: CODE ''14-7-1510 & 14-7-1620 18
SOUTH DAKOTA: CODIFIED LAWS '23A-5-1 6-10
TENNESSEE:  CODE '40-12-206(a) 13
TEXAS: CONSTITUTION art. v '13 12
UTAH: CODE '77-10a-4(1) 9-15
VERMONT: CRIMINAL PROCEDURE RULE 6(a) 18-23
VIRGINIA: CODE '19.2-195 5 or 7
WASHINGTON: REVISED CODE '10.27.020(6) 12
WEST VIRGINIA: CRIMINAL PROCEDURE RULE 6(a) 16
WISCONSIN: STATUTES '756.10(5) 17
WYOMING: STATUTES '7-5-103(a) 12

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