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In the federal system, a grand jury consists of between 16 and 23 people. The size of state grand juries varies widely, as the list below shows. If a state follows federal practice and convenes grand juries that range in size between two numbers--such as between 12 and 18 jurors--the list indicates this by noting that the size is "12-18 jurors." If a state uses a different number of jurors for different kinds of grand juries, the list indicates this by noting that the size can be "23 or 11 or 19" jurors. The last entry for each state is a citation to the court rule, statute or, in a few instances, the case that sets the size of the state's grand juries.

AL map

18 jurors
Alabama R. Crim. P. 12.2(a)
& Ala. Code 12-16-74

AK map

12-18 jurors
Alaska R.Crim.P. 6(d)
& Alaska Stat. 12.40.020

AZ map

12-16 jurors
Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. 21-322(B)
&. 21-101

AR map

16 jurors
Ark Code Ann. 16-32-201(c)

CA map

23 or 11 or 19 jurors
Cal. Penal Code 888 & 88.2 & 904

CO map

12 or 23 jurors
Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. 13-72-102
& Colo. Const. art. ii 23

CT map

1-3 jurors
Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. 54-47(b)(3)

DE map

10 or 15 jurors
Del Code. Ann. tit. 10 4505

DC map

16-23 jurors
D.C. Sup. Ct. R. Crim. P. 6(a)(1)

FL map

15-18 jurors
Fla. Stat. Ann. 905.01(1) & 905.37(3)

GA map

16-23 jurors
Georgia Code Ann. 15-12-61(a)
& 15-12-100(b)

HI map

16 jurors
Hawaii R. Penal P. 6(a)

ID map

16 jurors
Idaho Code 2-103
& 2-502 & Idaho R. Crim. P. 6(a

IL map

16 jurors
Ill. Rev. Stat. ch. 705 305/16 & ch. 725 5/112-2(a)

IN map

6 jurors
Indiana Code Ann. 35-34-2-2(a)

IO map

7 jurors
Iowa R. Crim. P. 3(1)
& Iowa Const.. art. 1 11

KS map

15 jurors
Kansas Stat. Ann. 22-3001(3)

KY map

12 jurors
Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. 29A.200
& Ky. Const. 248

LA map

12 jurors
Louisiana Code Crim. P. Ann. 413A

ME map

13-23 jurors
Maine R. Crim. P. 6(a)

MD map

23 jurors
Atty. Grievance Com'n v. Bailey,
285 Md. 631, 635, 403 A.2d
1261,1264 (Md. App. 1979)
MA map 23 jurors
Mass. Gen. Laws. Ann. ch. 277 2

MI map

13-17 jurors
Michigan Comp. Laws. Ann. 767.11

MN map

16-23 jurors
Minn. Stat. 628.41(1)
& Minn. R. Crim. P. 18.03(1)

MS map

15-20 jurors
Miss. Code Ann. 13-5-41
& Unif. R. Cir. & Cty. Ct. 7.02

MO map

12 jurors
Missouri Const. art. I 16

MT map

11 jurors
Montana Code Ann. 3-15-103

NE map

16 jurors
Neb. Rev. Stat. 25-1633

NV map

17 jurors
Nev. Rev. Stat. 6.110 & 6.120

NH map

23 jurors
State v. Fleury, 114 N.H. 325, 327, 321 A.2d 108, 110 (N.H. 1974)

NJ map

23 jurors
N.J. Stat. Ann. 2a:73-1

NM map

12 jurors
N.M. Stat. Ann. 31-6-1
& N.M. Const. Art. II 14

NY map

16-23 jurors
N.Y. Crim. Pro. Law 190.05 (McKinney 1995)

NC map

12-18 jurors
North Carolina Gen. Stat. 15a-621

ND map

8-11 jurors
North Dakota Cent. Code 29-10.1-01 & 29-10.2-03

OH map

9 jurors
Ohio R. Crim. P. 6(a)

OK map

12 jurors
Oklahoma Stat. Ann. Tit. 22 311

OR map

7 jurors
Oregon Rev. Stat. 132.010

PA map

23 jurors
Pennsylvania R. Crim. P. 253(a)

RI map

13-23 jurors
R.I. Gen. Laws 12-11-1
& 12-11.1-1
& R.I. Super. Ct. R. Crim. P. 6(a)

SC map

18 jurors
South Carolina Code Ann. 14-7-1510 & 14-7-1620

SD map

6-10 jurors
South Dakota Codified Laws 23a-5-1

TN map

13 jurors
Tenn. Code Ann. 40-12-206(a)

TX map

12 jurors
Tex. Const. Art. V 13
& Tex. Crim. Proc. Code art. 19.26

UT map

9-15 jurors
Utah Code Ann. 77-10a-4(1)

VT map

18-23 jurors
Vermont R. Crim. P. 6(a)

VA map

5 or 7 jurors
Virginia Code. Ann. 19.2-195

WA map

12 jurors
Washington Rev. Code Ann. 10.27.020(6)

WV map

16 jurors
West Virginia Crim. P. 6(a)

WI map

17 jurors
Wisconsin Stat. Ann. 756.10(5)

WY map

2 jurors
Wyo. Stat. 7-5-103(a);
Wyo. Cons. Art. I 9;
Wyo. R. Crim. P. 6(a)(4)(A)

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