Federal Grand Jury Banner


 

 

    Site Map   Links Home

Search
FAQ's about Grand Juries Federal Grand Jury Info Multimedia Overview
Feedback, Comments, & Stories State Grand Jury Info Grand Juries in the News

 

Grand Jury Officers (Foreperson)

Grand Jury Officers gif

Click here for Text Version

Common law grand juries had a foreman, who administered the oath to witnesses testifying before the grand jury, saw that it received other kinds of evidence and generally ran the grand jury's sessions. Federal grand juries have a "foreperson" and a "deputy foreperson." The deputy takes over when the foreperson cannot attend a grand jury session.
Forty-nine states and the District of Columbia also retain the office of grand jury foreman ("foreperson), but three states--Idaho, Kansas and Wyoming--use the term "presiding juror" rather than foreperson. Connecticut does not need the office grand jury foreperson because it eliminated grand juries composed of citizens and replaced the civilian grand jury with a grand jury that is composed of one judges, who presumably do not need a foreperson to run their affairs.
Of the 50 jurisdictions that have a foreperson/presiding juror, 24 give this officer a deputy. Five states add another officer: In Florida, North Dakota, Oregon and South Dakota, this person is known as the grand jury's clerk; in Nevada he/she is the grand jury's secretary. Federal law does not recognize either position, but grand juries in some federal do choose a secretary, out of local custom.

FP - the state's grand juries have a foreman or foreperson
DF - they also have a deputy foreman or deputy foreperson
PJ - the grand juries are run by a presiding juror
DPJ - they also have a deputy presiding juror
CL - the grand juries have a clerk
SY - the grand juries have a secretary

The last entry for each state is a citation to the statute or court rule that creates the positions at issue.

AL map

FP & DF
Ala. R. Crim. P. 12.5(a)

AK map

FP & DF
Alaska R. Crim. P. 6(h)

AZ map

FP & DF
Ariz. R. Crim. P. 12.4(a)

AR map

FP & CL
Ark. Code. Ann. 16-85-501(a)-(b)

CA map

FP & DF
Cal. Penal Code 912 & 916.1

CO map

FP & DF
Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. 13-72-104

CT map

Not applicable
Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. 54-47(b)(3)

DE map

FP & DF
De. Super. Ct. Crim. R. 6(c)

DC map

FP & DF
D.C. Sup. Ct. R. Crim. P. 6(c)

FL map

FP, DF & CL
Fla. Stat. Ann. 905.08 & 905.13

GA map

FP
Ga. Code Ann. 1 5-12-67(a) & 15-12-100(b)

HI map

FP & DF
Haw. R. Penal P. 6(c)

ID map

PJ & DPJ
Id R. Crim. P. 6(a)

IL map

FP
Ill. Rev. Stat. Ch. 705 305/17

IN map

FP & CL
Ind. Code. Ann. 35-34-2-3(d)

IO map

FP
Iowa R. Crim. P. 3(4)(a)

KS map

PJ & DPJ
Kan. Stat. Ann. 22-3004

KY map

FP
Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. 29a.250
& Ky. R. Crim. P. 5.04

LA map

FP
La. Code Crim. P. Ann. 413(b)-(c)

ME map

FP & DF
Maine R. Crim. P. 6(c)

MD map

FP
Md. Code Ann., Cts & Jud. Proc. 9-118(b)
MA map FP
Mass. R. Crim. P. 5(b)

MI map

FP
Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. 767.11
& 767.12

MN map

FP & CL
Minn. Stat. 628.56 & 628.57

MS map

FP
Miss. Code Ann. 13-5-45;
Unif. R. Cir. & Cty. Ct. 7.02

MO map

FP
Mo. Ann. Stat. 540.090

MT map

FP
Mont. Code Ann. 46-11-303

NE map

FP
Neb. Rev. Stat. 29-1403

NV map

FP, DF & SY
Nev. Rev. Stat. 172.075

NH map

FP & CL
N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. 600:4
& 600:5

NJ map

FP & DF
N.J. R. Crim. P. 3:6-4
& N.J. Stat. Ann. 2a:73-3

NM map

FP
N.M. Stat. Ann. 31-6-2

NY map

FP, DF & SY
N.Y. Crim. Pro. Law 190.20(3) (McKinney 1995)

NC map

FP
N.C. Gen. Stat. 15a-622

ND map

FP, DF & CL
N.D. Cent. Code 29-10.1-11
& 29-10.1-15

OH map

FP
Ohio R. Crim. P. 6(c)
& Ohio Rev. Code Ann. 2939.02

OK map

FP & CL
Okla. Stat. Ann. Tit. 22 323
& 328

OR map

FP, DF & CL
Or. Rev. Stat. 132.050
& 132.080

PA map

FP & SY
Pa. R. Crim.p. 253(g)
& Pa. Cons. Stat. Ann. 4545(c)

RI map

FP & DF
R.I. Super. R. Crim. P. 6(a)

SC map

FP & DF
S.C. Code Ann. 14-7-1580
& 14-7-1670

SD map

FP, DF & CL
S.D. Codified Laws 23a-5-6

TN map

FP
Tenn. R. Crim. P. 6(g)

TX map

FP
Tex. Crim. Proc. Code Art. 19.34

UT map

FP & DF
Utah Code Ann. 77-10a-11(1)

VT map

FP & DF
Vt. R. Crim. P. 6(c)

VA map

FP
Va. Code. Ann. 19.2-197
& 19.2.207

WA map

FP & DF
Wash. Rev. Code Ann. 10.27.070(1)

WV map

FP & DF
W. Va. R. Crim. P. 6(c)

WI map

FP & CL
Wis. Stat. Ann. 756.12

WY map

PJ & DPJ
Wyo. R. Crim. P. 6(a)(7)(a)

Federal Grand Jury
Home Page

 


E-mail questions, comments, or suggestions regarding this site 

Credits: Susan Brenner, Lori Shaw
Website Research Assistant : Dave Hunter
Copyright 1997 - 2003 All rights reserved
Privacy Policy