Federal Grand Jury Banner


 

 

    Site Map   Links Home

Search
FAQ's about Grand Juries Federal Grand Jury Info Multimedia Overview
Feedback, Comments, & Stories State Grand Jury Info Grand Juries in the News

 

Alternate and Replacement Grand Jurors

Alternate and Replacement Grand Jurors gif

Click here for Text Version

Because grand jurors usually serve for a long time, a court may have to replace some jurors. Federal courts can select alternate jurors when they impanel a grand jury, but do not have to do so. They could not choose alternate grand jurors until 1987; they were given the option of doing so by an amendment that was added to Rule 6 of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure in 1987. Until then, federal courts replaced grand jurors by choosing new jurors, using the same procedure they used to choose the original jurors. 
Like the pre-1987 federal courts, most states do not let courts pick alternates when they impanel a grand jury. In 30 states and the District of Columbia replacement jurors are chosen as needed. It is not clear how a few states replace grand jurors who can no longer serve, but they probably follow the same practice. Nine states--Arizona, Colorado, Georgia, Louisiana, Nebraska, Nevada, Ohio, Pennsylvania and South Carolina--require that a court choose a specific number of alternate jurors when it impanels a grand jury. Six others--Missouri, Montana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Utah and Wyoming--follow the current federal practice by letting courts choose alternates but not indicating how many should be chosen.
In the list below, the letters AN following a state's name means jurors are replaced "as needed"; courts in this state do not choose alternates when impaneling a grand jury. A number following a state's name (4) means the courts in this state select this many alternates when they impanel a grand jury. NS means courts in this state choose alternates when they impanel a grand jury, but the number to be chosen is "not specified. NI means he state's rules and statutes do "not indicate" how grand jurors are replaced. NA means the state uses a system in which alternate or replacement jurors are not required. The last entry for each state is a citation to the statute or court rule that defines its policy on alternate grand jurors; if a citation is included for a state that does not indicate how grand jurors are replaced, the citation is to the court rule or statute that generally covers this issue.

AL map

AN
Ala. R. Crim. P. 12.2(c)
& Ala. Code 12-16-207(b)

AK map

AN
Alaska R. Crim. P. 6(f)

AZ map

4
Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. 21-401(1)

AR map

AN
Ark. Code. Ann. 16-32-201(f)

CA map

AN
Cal. Penal Code 908.1

CO map

4
Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. 13-72-103
& 13-72-106

CT map

NA
Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. 54-47(b)(3)

DE map

AN
Del. Super. Ct. Crim. R. 6(g)

DC map

AN
D.C. Sup. Ct. R. Crim. P. 6(g)

FL map

AN
Fla. Stat. Ann. 905.01(2)

GA map

3
Ga. Code Ann. 15-12-61(a) (alternates "may" be chosen)

HI map

AN
Haw. R. Penal P. 6(g)
& Haw. Rev. Stat. 612-16(e)

ID map

AN
Id. R. Crim. P. 6(j)

IL map

AN
Ill. Rev. Stat. Ch. 725 5/112-3(c)

IN map

AN
Ind. Code. Ann. 35-34-2-3(c)

IO map

AN
Iowa R. Crim. P. 3(3)(C)

KS map

AN
Kan. Stat. Ann. 22-3013(2)

KY map

AN
Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. 29a.260
& Admin. Proc. 26

LA map

2
La. Code Crim. P. Ann. 413a.
& 415a

ME map

AN
Maine R. Crim. P. 6(j)
& Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. Tit. 14 1216

MD map

NS
Md. Code Ann, Cts.
& Jud. Proc. 8-208
MA map AN
Mass. Gen. Laws. Ann. Ch. 234a 30

MI map

AN
Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. 767.8

MN map

AN
Minn. R. Crim. P. 18.09

MS map

AN
Miss. Unif. R. Cir. & Cty. Ct. 7.02

MO map

NS
Mo. Ann. Stat. 540.021(4)

MT map

NS
Mont. Code Ann. 46-11-301(2)
& 46-11-302(2)

NE map

3
Neb. Rev. Stat. 25-1633
& Neb. Rev. Stat. 29-1413

NV map

12
Nev. Rev. Stat. 6.110(3)
& 6.120(2)

NH map

NS 

NJ map

AN
N.J. Stat. Ann. 2a:73-2

NM map

NS
N.M. Stat. Ann. 31-6-1

NY map

NI
N.Y. Crim. Pro. Law 190.20(2)(B) (McKinney 1995)

NC map

AN
N.C. Gen. Stat. 15a-622(h)

ND map

AN
N.D. Cent. Code 29-10.1-20

OH map

Up to 5
Ohio R. Crim. P. 6(a)

OK map

NS
Okla. Stat. Ann. Tit. 22 329

OR map

AN
Or. Rev. Stat. 132.110(2)

PA map

7
Pa. R. Crim. P. 253(a)

RI map

AN
R.I. Super. R. Crim. P. 6(g)

SC map

3
S.C. Code Ann. 14-7-1570

SD map

AN
S.D. Codified Laws 23a-5-20

TN map

AN
Tenn. R. Crim. P. 6(b)(1)

TX map

AN
Tex. Crim. Proc. Code Ann. Art. 19.18

UT map

NS
Utah Code Ann. 77-10a-7(2)

VT map

AN
Vermont R. Crim. P. 6(h)

VA map

AN
Va. Code. Ann. 19.2-196

WA map

AN
Wash. Rev. Code Ann. 10.27.060(2)

WV map

AN
W. Va. R. Crim. P. 6(g)
& W. Va. Code. 52-2-10

WI map

NI
Wis. Stat. Ann. 756.16

WY map

NS
Wyo. R. Crim. P. 6(a)(4)(C)
& Wyo. Stat. 7-5-103(b)

Federal Grand Jury
Home Page

 


E-mail questions, comments, or suggestions regarding this site 

Credits: Susan Brenner, Lori Shaw
Website Research Assistant : Dave Hunter
Copyright 1997 - 2003 All rights reserved
Privacy Policy