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"Infamous crimes"--part 1:
|Thanks for answering my questions. Just a couple more and
I'll put my curiosity to rest.
1. Has the Supreme Court made any rulings determining
what constitutes an "infamous crime?"
2. Is being charged with a crime the same thing as being indicted for a crime, or is
there a legal distinction between "charged" and "indicted?"
|Response: The Supreme Court has held that an
"infamous" crime is one that is punished by imprisonment for over one year.
See Green v. U.S., 356 U.S. 165 (1958). Since this is essentially the
definition of a felony, infamous crimes translate as felonies. As to the second
question, there is essentially no difference between being charged and being indicted,
except that you can be charged either by an indictment (which is a charging document
returned by a grand jury) or by an information (which is a charging document a prosecutor
files without using a grand jury). If you're indicted, you have been charged with
crimes and are a defendant in a criminal case; the same thing is true if you've been
charged by an information.