Peru is the third largest country in South America. Only Brazil and Argentina cover a greater area. The country lies in western South America along the Pacific Ocean. The long, narrow coast consists of a desert even drier than the Sahara. Most of Peru's large cities lie in this region, including Lima, the capital and largest city. The towering, snow-capped Andes Mountains rise east of the coast and extend north and south down the entire length of the country. Thick rain forests and jungles cover most of the hot, humid region east of the Andes. Peru has three main land regions. They are, from west to east: (1) the coast, along the Pacific Ocean; (2) the highlands, the highest parts of the Peruvian Andes; and (3) the selva, a region of forests and jungles. Earthquakes occur frequently in Peru.

The ancestors of Peru's Indians include the famous Inca Indians, who built a great empire in Peru from the 1200 s to the 1500 s. The first white people reached the country in the 1520 s, led by the Spanish adventurer Francisco Pizarro. They conquered the Inca in the 1530's and made Peru a Spanish colony. Peru declared its independence from Spain in 1821.

Spanish became Peru's official language soon after the Spanish conquest and remained the only official language for several hundred years. In 1975, the Peruvian government made Quechua, the language of the Inca, an official language along with Spanish. Most Peruvians fifteen years of age or old can read and write. The great majority of those who cannot read or write live in rural areas, and most are Indians. Most educated Peruvians live in the cities, which have by far the greatest number of schools. About ninety-seven percent of all the people of Peru are Roman Catholics. The Peruvian government grants freedom of worship to all religious groups, but it officially favors the Roman Catholic religion. The Catholic religion is taught in public schools throughout the country. Other religious groups in Peru include Protestants, Jews, and Buddhists.

* Taken from The World Book Encyclopedia. (Chicago: World Book, Inc.), pg 306-316.

 

Sixth Pan-American Congress or Children Welfare
6e congrès panamericain pour le
bien-être de l'enfrance
Date: 07/05/30; Scott: 267

 

 

Arms of San Marcos University
Armoiries de l'univaersity Saint-Marcos
Date: 12/10/51 Scott: C 114

Emblem of the National Marian Eucharistic Congress
Emblème du congrès marial eucharistique national
Date: 1954; Scott: RA 36

Emblem of the National Marian Eucharistic Congress
Emblème du congrès marial eucharistique national
Date: 1954; Scott: Non postal

Emblem of the National Marian Eucharistic Congress
Emblème du congrès marial eucharistique national
Date: 1954; Scott: Non postal

Emblem of the National Marian Eucharistic Congress
Emblème du congrès marial eucharistique national
Date: 1954; Scott: Non postal

Nativity
La nativité
Date: 12/23/70; Scott: 539

Adoration of the Kings
Ľadoration des rois
Date: 12/23/70; Scott: 540

Adoration of the Shepherds
Ľadoration des bergers
Date: 12/23/70; Scott: 541

Procession - Our lady of Miracles
Procession - Notre-Dame des miracles
Date: 11/30/70; Scott: C 301

Altar of Church of the Nazarene
Ľautel de ľéglise de Nazarene
Date: 11/30/70; Scott: C 300

Flight into Egypt
La fuite en Egypte
Date: 12/18//71; Scott: 563

Nativity
La nativité
Date: 12/18/71; Scott: 565

Holy Family
La Sainte Famille
Date: 11/30/72; Scott: 597

Holy Family with Lamb
La Sainte Famille et un mouton
Date: 11/30/72; Scott: 598

Holy Family in stable
La Sainte Famille dans ľétable
Date: 11/30/72; Scott: 599

Presentation in the Temple
La pr
ésentation au temple
Date: 11/30/73; Scott: 610

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