Nicaragua, NIHK uh RAH gwuh, is the largest country of Central America in area. Nicaragua borders on Honduras to the north and Costa Rica to the south. It is slightly larger than New York State. Nicaragua is mountainous in the west, with fertile valleys. Two big lakes, Nicaragua and Managua, are connected by the Tipitapa River. The Pacific coast is volcanic and very fertile. The Caribbean coast, swampy and indented, is aptly called the “Mosquito Coast.”

Nicaragua, which derives its name from the chief of the area's leading Indian tribe at the time of the Spanish Conquest, was first settled by the Spanish in 1522. The country won independence in 1838. For the next century, Nicaragua's politics were dominated by the competition for power between the Liberals, who were centered in the city of León, and the Conservatives, centered in Granada.  The country is divided into three geographic regions: the Pacific Lowlands on the west, the mountainous Central Region and the Atlantic Lowlands on the east.

The Pacific Lowlands:
This lowland area runs from the Gulf of Fonseca, on Nicaragua's Pacific border with Costa Rica south of Lake Nicaragua. From this lowland strip, the Maribios mountain range, with its twenty-five volcanic cones, towers over some of the most beautiful and impressive beaches found anywhere else in Central America.  This region is the most populated. About twenty-seven percent of the nation's entire population lives in and around Managua, the capital city, on the southern shores of Lake Managua.

The Central Region:
An ecologically active area with mountains and ranges over 3,281 feet above sea level. Oaks, pines, moss, ferns and orchids are abundant in the massive cloud forests of the region. 

The Atlantic Lowlands:
The climate is predominantly tropical with high temperature and high humidity. English is widely spoken and the population resembles that found in many typical Caribbean ports.*

* Taken from The World Book Encyclopedia. (Chicago: World Book, Inc.), pg 396-398.


The Crucifixion
La crucifiction
Date: 7/22/68; Scott: C649
Artist: Fra Angelico
(1400-1455)

The Last Judgment
Le jugement dernier
Date: 7/22/68; Scott: C650
Artist: Michel Angelo
(1475-1564)

Madonna with Child
and St. John

La Madone et l'enfant
avec saint Jean
Date: 7/22/68; Scott: C651
Artist: Raphael (1483-1520)

The Disrobing
of Jesus

Le dépouillement de Jésus
Date: 7/22/68; Scott: C652
Artist: El Greco (1541-1614)

The Immaculate Conception
L'Immaculée Conception
Date: 7/22/68; Scott: C653
Artist: Murillo (1617-1682)

The Crucifixion
La crucifiction
Date: 10/25/68; Scott: C655
Artist: Fra Angelico
(1400-1455)

The Last Judgment
Le jugement dernier
Date: 10/25/68; Scott: C656
Artist: Michel Angelo
(1475-1564)

Madonna with Child
and St. John

La Madone et l'enfant
avec saint Jean
Date: 10/25/68; Scott: C657
Artist: Raphael (1483-1520)

The Disrobing
of Jesus

Le dépouillement de Jésus
Date: 10/25/68; Scott: C658
Artist: El Greco (1541-1614)

Nativity
La nativité
Date: 10/12/70; Scott: C738
Artist: El Greco (1541-1614)

Adoration of the Magi
L’adoration des Mages
Date: 10/12/70; Scott: C739
Artist: Albrecht Dürer (1471-1528)

Virgin and Child
La Vierge et l'Enfant
Date: 10/12/70; Scott: C740
Artist: J. Van Memessen
   (1500-1566)

The Annunciation
L'annonciation
Date: 10/12/70; Scott: C737
Artist: Matthias Grunewald 
(1470/80-1528)

The Annunciation
L'annonciation
Date: 10/12/70; Scott: C742
Artist: Matthias Grunewald  (1470/80-1528)

Nativity
La nativité
Date: 10/12/70; Scott: C743
Artist: El Greco (1541-1614)

Adoration of the Magi
L’adoration des Mages
Date: 10/12/70; Scott: C744
Artist: Albrecht Dürer
(1471-1528)

Virgin and Child
La Vierge et l'Enfant
Date: 10/12/70; Scott: C745
Artist: J. Van Hemessen
   (1500-1566)

Adoration of the Kings and the Shepherds
L'adoration des rois
 et des bergers
Date: 12/20/72; Scott: C814

Girl and Holy Family
Une fille avec la Sainte Famille
Date: 10/12/72; Scott: C819

Adoration of the Magi
L’adoration des Mages
Date: 12/20/72; Scott: C821

The Last Judgment-Sixtine Chapel-Roma
Le dernier jugement-
Chapelle Sixtine-Rome
Date: 12/15/74; Scott: 955

Mouscron Madonna-Brussels-Belgium
La Madone de Mouscron-Bruxelles-Belgique
Date: 12/15/74; Scott: 959
Artist: Michel Angelo
(1475-1564)

Madonna de Doni-Florencia
La Madone de Doni-Florence
Date: 12/15/74; Scott: 961
Artist: Michel Angelo
(1475-1564)

Madonna of the Stairs-Florencia
La Madone a l'escalier-Florence
Date: 12/15/74; Scott: C859
Artist: Michel Angelo
(1475-1564)

Madonna de Pitti-Florencia
La Madone de Pitti-Florence
Date: 12/15/74; Scott: C860
Artist: Michel Angelo
(1475-1564)

Pieta-Saint Peter-Roma
La Pieta-Saint Pierre-Rome
Date: 12/15/74; Scott: C861
Artist: Michel Angelo
(1475-1564)

Jesus Meets His Mother
Jésus rencontre sa mère
Date: 03/20/75; Scott: 972

Jesus Dies on the Cross
Jésus meurt sur la croix
Date: 03/20/75; Scott: C873

Descent from the Cross
La descente de la croix
Date: 03/20/75; Scott: C874

Jesus Laid in the Tomb
Jésus est depose dans le tombeau
Date: 03/20/75; Scott: C875

Saint Francis of Assisi
and Our Lady of
the Conception

Saint François d'Assise
 et Notre-Dame de la Conception
Date: 02/13/78; Scott: 1075

Saint Francis of Assisi
and Our Lady of
the Conception

Saint Froancois d'Assise et
Notre-Dame de la Conception
Date: 02/23/78; Scott: 1076

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