Paraguay is a small landlocked country near the center of South America. It is surrounded by Argentina, Bolivia, and Brazil. The Paraguay river flows through Paraguay from north to south and divides the country into two sharply different land regions. West of the river lies Chaco, a flat, thinly settled area of coarse grasses, scrub forests, and salt marshes. Eastern Paraguay, on the other hand, has rolling hills, fertile soil, and thick forests. The great majority of the Paraguayan people live in the eastern part of the country. About a fifth of them live in or near Asunción, the capital and largest city. Almost all Paraguayans are of mixed Guarani Indian and Spanish ancestry. Spain ruled Paraguay until 1811, when Paraguay declared its independence.

Over ninety percent of the Paraguayan people are Roman Catholics. The Constitution makes Catholicism the state religion, but it guarantees freedom of worship. Protestants, many of whom are Mennonites, make up about one percent of the population. Missionaries of the Jesuit order began to arrive in Paraguay in 1588 to convert the Guarani to Roman Catholicism. They organized mission settlements called reducciones or reductions, where the Indians lived and worked. The Jesuits taught the Guarani such skills as weaving, carpentry, and printing.

The Paraguay River flows southward through Paraguay. It divides the country into two major regions: the (1) Chaco, officially called Occidental Paraguay and (2) Eastern Paraguay, officially called Oriental Paraguay.

* Taken from The World Book Encyclopedia. (Chicago: World Book, Inc.), pg 145-149.


 

Coat of Arms of New York and the Assumption

Armoiries de New York et de Assomption

Date: 11/30/39; Scott: 362

 

 

 

Coat of Arms of New York and the Assumption

Armoiries de New York et de Assomption

Date: 11/30/39; Scott: 363

 

 

Coat of Arms of New York and the Assumption

Armoiries de New York et de Assomption

Date: 11/30/39; Scott: 364

 

 

Coat of Arms of New York and the Assumption

Armoiries de New York et de Assomption

Date: 11/30/39; Scott: 365

 

 

Our Lady of the Assumption

Notre-Dame de l’Assomption

Date: 1941; Scott: B6

 

 

Our Lady of the Assumption

Notre-Dame de l’Assomption

Date: 1941; Scott: B7

 

 

Our Lady of the Assumption

Notre-Dame de l’Assomption

Date: 1941; Scott: B8

 

 

Our Lady of the Assumption

Notre-Dame de l’Assomption

Date: 1941; Scott: B9

 

 

Colonial Jesuit Altar

Autel colonial jésuite

Date: 1945; Scott: C143

 

 

 

Colonial Jesuit Altar

Autel colonial jésuite

Date: 09/21/46; Scott: 440

 

 

Visit of Pope Paul VI

 to Fatima

Visite de Paul VI ŕ Fatima

Date: 05/13/65

 

 

Visit of Pope Paul VI

to Fatima

Visite de Paul VI ŕ Fatima

Date: 05/13/65

 

 

Madonna and Child

La Madone et l’Enfant

Artist: Andres Montegna

Date: 12/10/66; Scott: 1003c

 

 

Descent from the Cross

La descente de la croix

Artist: Rubens

Date: 02/28/67; Scott: 1004b

 

 

Jesus on the Cross

Jésus sur la croix

Artist: Da Ponte

Date: 02/28/67; Scott: 1004c

 

 

Jesus Meets the Women

Jésus rencontre les femmes

Artist: El Greco

Date: 02/28/67; Scott: 1004d

 

 

Jesus Meets His Mother

Jésus rencontre sa Mére

 Artist: Murillo

Date: 02/28/67; Scott: 1004

 

 

Birth of Christ

La naissance du Christ

Artist: Federico Barcoli Barocci

(1526-1612)

Date: 03/10/67; Scott: 1008

 

 

 

Birth of Christ

La naissance du Christ

Artist: Federico Barcoli Barocci

(1526-1612)

Date: 03/10/67; Scott: 1009

 

 

Birth of Christ

La naissance du Christ

 Artist: Federico Barcoli Barocci

(1526-1612)

Date: 03/10/67; Scott: 1010

 

 

Birth of Christ

La naissance du Christ

Federico Barcoli Barocci (1526-1612)

Date: 03/10/67; Scott: 1011

 

 

 

Birth of Christ

La naissance du Christ

Federico Barcoli Barocci (1526-1612)

Date: 03/10/67; Scott: 1012

 

 

Madonna and Child

La Madone et l’Enfant

Caravaggio (1573-1610)

Date: 03/10/67; Scott: 1013

 

 

Mary of the Holy Family (detail)

Marie de la Sainte Famille (détail)

El Greco (1541-1614)

Date: 03/10/67; Scott: 1014

 

 

Assumption of the Virgin

L'Assomption de la Vierge

Artist: Vasco Fernandes

Date: 03/10/67; Scott: 1015

 

 

Assumption of the Virgin

L'Assomption de la Vierge

Artist: Vasco Fernandes

Date: 03/10/67; Scott: 1015a

 

 

 

Pieta

La Pieta

Artist: Michael Angelo (1475-1564)

Date: 03/10/67; Scott: 1059

 

 

 

Madonna and Child

La Madone et l’Enfant

Artist: Giovanni Bellini (1426-1516)

Date: 01/27/68; Scott: 1070

 

 

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