Panama is a small country in Central America that has worldwide importance as a transportation center. It covers the Isthmus of Panama, a narrow strip of land that  separates the Atlantic and Pacific oceans near the middle of the Western Hemisphere. The Panama Canal cuts through the isthmus, connecting the two oceans. Panama lies at the southern end of North America. It and the land north of it to Mexico’s southern border make up the part of the North America continent called Central America. Panama is a narrow country that curves from west to east. The Atlantic Ocean lies to the north, the Pacific Ocean to the south, Colombia to the east, and Costa Rica to the west. Indians were the first inhabitants of what is now Panama. Spaniards conquered the Indians during the 1500s and rules Panama for about three hundred years. In 1821, Panama broke away from Spain and became a province of the nation of Colombia. In 1903, it rebelled against Colombia and became an independent nation. The United States played a major role in Panama’s history. It built the Panama Canal, which was completed in 1914.

About eighty-five percent of Panama's people are Roman Catholics. Most of the rest of the people are Protestants. The Catholic Church plays an important role in Panama. Church services and celebrations are both religious and social events for many of the people.

Panama has three land regions-the Central Highland and coastal lowlands called the Atlantic Lowland and the Pacific Lowland.  The Central Highland is a mountainous region. The country's highest peak, 11,401 foot Volcán Barú rises near the border. The coastal lowlands are narrow areas that lie along Panama’s Pacific and Atlantic coasts. The Pacific Lowland has much fertile farmland, which is located chiefly in the west. Panama’s Pacific coastline measures 746 miles. The Atlantic coastline is 397 miles long. About eight hundred islands that lie near the coasts are part of Panama’s territory.

* Taken from The World Book Encyclopedia. (Chicago: World Book, Inc.), pg 115-121.


Madonna of the Rocky Grotto

La Madone de la grotte rocheuse

Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519)

Date: 05/26/66; Scott: 466A



The Lovely Gardener
La Belle Jardinière

Sanzio Raphael (1483-1520)

Date: 05/26/66; Scott: 466B



Madonna of the

Rock Grotto

La Madone de la grotte rocheuse

La Belle Jardinière

Da Vinci and Raphael

Da Vinci et Raphael

Date: 05/26/66; Scott: 466C



Holy Family with Angel

La sainte Famille et un ange

Carlo Saraceni (1579-1620)

Date: 10/24/66; Scott: 471A



Adoration of the Magi

L'adoration des Mages

Albrecht Durer (1471-1528)

Date: 10/24/66; Scott: 471B



Madonna and Child

La Madone et ľEnfant

Orazio (1563-1639)

Date: 10/24/66; Scott: 471C



The Coronation of Mary

La Couronnement de Marie

Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640)

Date: 10/24/66; Scott: 471D



The Nativity

La nativité

Sandro Botticelli (1445-1510)

Date: 10/24/66; Scott: 471E



Christ at Calvary

Le Christ au Calvaire

Giambattista Tiepaso (1696-1770)

Date: 03/13/67; Scott: 476



The Crucifixion

La crucifixion

Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640)

Date: 03/13/67; Scott: 476A




La Pieta

Andres dei Sarto (1486-1531)

Date: 03/13/67; Scott: 476B



Body of Christ

Le Corps du Christ

Raphael Santi

Date: 03/13/67; Scott: 476C



Christ on the Cross

Le Christ en croix

Van der Weyden (1400-1464)

Date: 03/13/67; Scott: 476F



Madonna and Child

La Madone et ľEnfant

Rubens (1577-1528)

Date: 03/13/67; Scott: 476G



Madonna and Child

La Madone et ľEnfant

Ingres (1780-1867)

Date: 08/23/67; Scott: 479H



The Holy Family

La Sainte Famille

Michael Angelo (1475-1564)

Date: 01/10/68; Scott: 482



Adoration of the Shepherds

Adoration des bergers

Sckongauer (1430-1491)

Date: 01/10/68; Scott: 482F



Holy Family

La Sainte Famille


Date: 01/10/68; Scott: 482F



Christ with Mary

 and Martha

Le Christ avec Marie et Marthe

Tintoretto (1518-1594)

Date: 01-10-68; Scott: 482G


Rest During the Flight

 into Egypt

Moment de repos pendant la fuite en Égypte

Caravaggio (1573-1610)

Date: 01-10-68; Scott: 482G




Virgin and Child with

 Harp Players

La Vierge et ľEnfant avec desjoueurs harpes

Hans Memling (1440-1494)

Date: 09/11/68; Scott: 488 F



Madonna and Child

La Madone et ľEnfant

Raphael (1483-1520)

Date: 1969; Scott: 496



Madonna and Child

La Madone et ľEnfant

Roberto Feruzi (1853-1934)

Date: 1969; Scott: 496A



Madonna and Child

La Madone et ľEnfant

Giovanni Bellini (1425-1516)

Date: 1969; Scott: 496B



The Annunciation


Portuguese School seventeenth century

Date: 1969; Scott: 496C



Madonna and Child

La Madone et ľEnfant

Anthony Van Dyck (1599-1641)

Date: 1969; Scott: 496D



Madonna and Child

La Madone et ľEnfant

Francesco Albani (1578-1660)

Date: 1969; Scott: 496E




The Adoration of the Magi

L'adoration des mages

Viennese Master (1469-?)

Date: 1969; Scott: 496F



The Adoration of the Magi

L'doration des mages

Anthony Van Dyck (1599-1641)

Date: 1969; Scott: 496G


Madonna and Child and Angel

La Madone et ľEnfant et un ange

Portuguese School sixteenth century

Date: 1969; Scott: 496H