Panama is a small country in Central America that has worldwide importance as a transportation center. It covers the Isthmus of Panama, a narrow strip of land that  separates the Atlantic and Pacific oceans near the middle of the Western Hemisphere. The Panama Canal cuts through the isthmus, connecting the two oceans. Panama lies at the southern end of North America. It and the land north of it to Mexico’s southern border make up the part of the North America continent called Central America. Panama is a narrow country that curves from west to east. The Atlantic Ocean lies to the north, the Pacific Ocean to the south, Colombia to the east, and Costa Rica to the west. Indians were the first inhabitants of what is now Panama. Spaniards conquered the Indians during the 1500s and rules Panama for about three hundred years. In 1821, Panama broke away from Spain and became a province of the nation of Colombia. In 1903, it rebelled against Colombia and became an independent nation. The United States played a major role in Panama’s history. It built the Panama Canal, which was completed in 1914.

About eighty-five percent of Panama's people are Roman Catholics. Most of the rest of the people are Protestants. The Catholic Church plays an important role in Panama. Church services and celebrations are both religious and social events for many of the people.

Panama has three land regions-the Central Highland and coastal lowlands called the Atlantic Lowland and the Pacific Lowland.  The Central Highland is a mountainous region. The country's highest peak, 11,401 foot Volcán Barú rises near the border. The coastal lowlands are narrow areas that lie along Panama’s Pacific and Atlantic coasts. The Pacific Lowland has much fertile farmland, which is located chiefly in the west. Panama’s Pacific coastline measures 746 miles. The Atlantic coastline is 397 miles long. About eight hundred islands that lie near the coasts are part of Panama’s territory.

* Taken from The World Book Encyclopedia. (Chicago: World Book, Inc.), pg 115-121.

 

Madonna of the Rocky Grotto

La Madone de la grotte rocheuse

Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519)

Date: 05/26/66; Scott: 466A

 

 

The Lovely Gardener
La Belle Jardinière

Sanzio Raphael (1483-1520)

Date: 05/26/66; Scott: 466B

 

 

Madonna of the

Rock Grotto

La Madone de la grotte rocheuse

La Belle Jardinière

Da Vinci and Raphael

Da Vinci et Raphael

Date: 05/26/66; Scott: 466C

 

 

Holy Family with Angel

La sainte Famille et un ange

Carlo Saraceni (1579-1620)

Date: 10/24/66; Scott: 471A

 

 

Adoration of the Magi

L'adoration des Mages

Albrecht Durer (1471-1528)

Date: 10/24/66; Scott: 471B

 

 

Madonna and Child

La Madone et ľEnfant

Orazio (1563-1639)

Date: 10/24/66; Scott: 471C

 

 

The Coronation of Mary

La Couronnement de Marie

Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640)

Date: 10/24/66; Scott: 471D

 

 

The Nativity

La nativité

Sandro Botticelli (1445-1510)

Date: 10/24/66; Scott: 471E

 

 

Christ at Calvary

Le Christ au Calvaire

Giambattista Tiepaso (1696-1770)

Date: 03/13/67; Scott: 476

 

 

The Crucifixion

La crucifixion

Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640)

Date: 03/13/67; Scott: 476A

 

 

Pieta

La Pieta

Andres dei Sarto (1486-1531)

Date: 03/13/67; Scott: 476B

 

 

Body of Christ

Le Corps du Christ

Raphael Santi

Date: 03/13/67; Scott: 476C

 

 

Christ on the Cross

Le Christ en croix

Van der Weyden (1400-1464)

Date: 03/13/67; Scott: 476F

 

 

Madonna and Child

La Madone et ľEnfant

Rubens (1577-1528)

Date: 03/13/67; Scott: 476G

 

 

Madonna and Child

La Madone et ľEnfant

Ingres (1780-1867)

Date: 08/23/67; Scott: 479H

 

 

The Holy Family

La Sainte Famille

Michael Angelo (1475-1564)

Date: 01/10/68; Scott: 482

 

 

Adoration of the Shepherds

Adoration des bergers

Sckongauer (1430-1491)

Date: 01/10/68; Scott: 482F

 

 

Holy Family

La Sainte Famille

Raphael(1483-1520)

Date: 01/10/68; Scott: 482F

 

 

Christ with Mary

 and Martha

Le Christ avec Marie et Marthe

Tintoretto (1518-1594)

Date: 01-10-68; Scott: 482G

 

Rest During the Flight

 into Egypt

Moment de repos pendant la fuite en Égypte

Caravaggio (1573-1610)

Date: 01-10-68; Scott: 482G

 

 

 

Virgin and Child with

 Harp Players

La Vierge et ľEnfant avec desjoueurs harpes

Hans Memling (1440-1494)

Date: 09/11/68; Scott: 488 F

 

 

Madonna and Child

La Madone et ľEnfant

Raphael (1483-1520)

Date: 1969; Scott: 496

 

 

Madonna and Child

La Madone et ľEnfant

Roberto Feruzi (1853-1934)

Date: 1969; Scott: 496A

 

 

Madonna and Child

La Madone et ľEnfant

Giovanni Bellini (1425-1516)

Date: 1969; Scott: 496B

 

 

The Annunciation

L'Annonciation

Portuguese School seventeenth century

Date: 1969; Scott: 496C

 

 

Madonna and Child

La Madone et ľEnfant

Anthony Van Dyck (1599-1641)

Date: 1969; Scott: 496D

 

 

Madonna and Child

La Madone et ľEnfant

Francesco Albani (1578-1660)

Date: 1969; Scott: 496E

 

 

 

The Adoration of the Magi

L'adoration des mages

Viennese Master (1469-?)

Date: 1969; Scott: 496F

 

 

The Adoration of the Magi

L'doration des mages

Anthony Van Dyck (1599-1641)

Date: 1969; Scott: 496G

 

Madonna and Child and Angel

La Madone et ľEnfant et un ange

Portuguese School sixteenth century

Date: 1969; Scott: 496H

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