Austria is a small country in central Europe famous for its beautiful mountain scenery. The towering Alps and their foothills stretch across the western, southern, and central parts of the country. Austria has no coastline. It shares boundaries with the countries of Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west, Germany and the Czech Republic to the north, Hungary and Slovakia to the east, and Slovenia and Italy to the south. Vienna is the capital and largest city of Austria. Austria was once one of the most powerful countries in Europe. The royal Habsburg (or Hapsburg) family began to gain control of Austria in the late 1200's. In time, the country became the center of a huge empire that was ruled by the Habsburgs. This empire collapsed following the end of World War I in 1918. Austria then became a republic and went through a long period of economic difficulty and political unrest. During the last half of the 1900's, Austria became increasingly industrialized, and the economy of the country grew steadily.

Almost all Austrians speak German, the country's official language. In different parts of the country, the people speak various dialects (local forms) of German. Austrians have freedom of worship. About 80% of the people are Roman Catholics and about 5% are Protestants. Austria has six main land regions. They are (1) The Granite Plateau consists of hills and mountains that are made up mostly of granite and partly covered by thick forests; (2) The Eastern Forelands lie southeast of the Granite Plateau; (3) The Alpine Forelands lie south of the Granite Plateau and west of the Eastern Forelands. The region is made up of hills and low mountains; (4) The Northern Limestone Alps rise south and southwest of the Alpine Forelands; (5) The Central Alps are separated from the Northern Limestone Alps to the north by a series of valleys; (6) The Southern Limestone Alps lie south of the Central Alps. A series of valleys separates the two regions.

Austria began printing stamps in 1850, and printing stamps of Mary started in 1935.

* Taken from The World Book Encyclopedia. (Chicago: World Book, Inc.), pg 928-940.

 


 

Madonna and Child
La Madone et l’Enfant
Albrech Dürer (1471-1528)
Date: 05/05/1936; Y&T: 377

St. Anne's Column in Innsbruck
Colonne de Saint Anne à Innsbruck
Date: 02/20/1936; Y&T: B 141

 

Madonna of the Domestics honored in Vienna as soon as 1325
La Madone des domestiques, honorée à Vienne déjà en 1325
Date: 12/12/1946; Y&T: B 193

 

Facade of Salzburg cathedral
Façade de la cathédrale de Salzbourg
Date: 08/06/1948; Y&T: B254

 

Madonna called LA BELLE MADONE
La Madone appelée LA BELLE MADONE
Michael Pacher (1435-1498)
Date: 08/06/1948; Y&T: B259

 

Baroque Creche
Crèche baroque
Josef Thaddäus Stammel (1695-1765)
Date: 11/29/1963; Scott: 718; Y&T: 981

 

Oldest seal of Vienna University – 1365 – The Virgin is seated on the superior part of the stamp.
Le plus ancien sceau de l’université de Vienne – 1365 – La Vierge est assise dans la partie supérieure du timbre.
Date: 05/10/1965; Scott: 743; Y&T: 1017

 

Gothic Mantle Madonna
La Vierge au manteau gothique
Wood Carving from Frauenstein
Scupture sur bois de Frauenstein
Date: 05/19/1967; Scott: 791; Y&T: 1072

 

Nativity
La nativité
Date: 11/17/1967; Scott: 806; Y&T: 1088

 

Creche
Crèche
H. Hutter
Date: 11/29/1968; Scott: 823; Y&T: 1107

 

The Glorification of Mary
La glorification de Marie
Franz Anton Maulpertsch (1724-1795)
Date: 12/11/1969; Scott: 827; Y&T: 1111

 

Mantle Madonna
La Madone au manteau
Date: 01/28/1969; Scott: 833; Y&T: 1116

 

Madonna with the Pomegranate
La Madone à la grenade
Sanzio Raphaël (1483-1520)
Date: 09/26/1969; Scott: 848; Y&T: 1143

 

Madonna
La Madone
Albin Egger-Lienz (1868-1923)
Date: 11/24/1969; Scott: 857; Y&T: 1140

 

Adoration of the Shepherds
L’adoration des bergers.
Carving  of  Garsten vicarage
Sculpture au presbytère de Garsten

Marian Rittinger 1712
Date: 11/27/1970; Scott: 885; Y&T: 1179

 

Virgin and Child
La Vierge et l’Enfant
Wood carving
Sculpture sur bois
Date: 12/01/1972; Scott: 933; Y&T: 1234

 

Nativity
La nativité
Stained Glass Window – fourteenth-century
Vitrail du 14e siècle
Date: 11/30/1973; Scott: 977; Y&T: 1264

 

Virgin and Child
La Vierge et l’Enfant
Wood carving c.1600
Sculpture sur bois vers 1600
Date: 11/29/1974; Scott: 1009; Y&T: 1310

 

Virgin and Child
La Vierge et l’Enfant
fifteenth-century altar
Autel du 15e siècle
Date: 11/28/1975; Scott: 1928; Y&T: 1332

 

Nativity
La nativité
Konrad Von Friesach  c.1450, vers 1450
Date: 11/26/1976; Scott: 1047; Y&T: 1363

 

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