In 1959, three years before independence from Belgium, the majority ethnic group, the Hutus, overthrew the ruling Tutsi king. Over the next several years, thousands of Tutsis were killed, and some 150,000 driven into exile in neighboring countries. The children of these exiles later formed a rebel group, the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), and began a civil war in 1990. The war, along with several political and economic upheavals, exacerbated ethnic tensions, culminating in April 1994 in a state-orchestrated genocide, in which Rwandans killed up to a million of their fellow citizens, including approximately three-quarters of the Tutsi population. The genocide ended later that same year when the predominantly Tutsi RPF, operating out of Uganda and northern Rwanda, defeated the national army and Hutu militias, and established an RPF-led government of national unity. Approximately 2 million Hutu refugees - many fearing Tutsi retribution - fled to neighboring Burundi, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zaire. Since then, most of the refugees have returned to Rwanda, but several thousand remained in the neighboring Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC, the former Zaire) and formed an extremist insurgency bent on retaking Rwanda, much as the RPF tried in 1990. Rwanda held its first local elections in 1999 and its first post-genocide presidential and legislative elections in 2003. Rwanda in 2009 staged a joint military operation with the Congolese Army in DRC to rout out the Hutu extremist insurgency there and Kigali and Kinshasa restored diplomatic relations. Rwanda also joined the Commonwealth in late 2009.

CIA—The World Factbook

Rwanda began printing their stamps in 1962. Printing of Mary stamps began in 1961.

 

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To view more information about a certain stamp, click on that stamp.
Pour lire les informations sur un timbre, appuyez sur ce timbre.

1960s

Usumbura Cathedral

Usumbura Cathedral

Madonna

Madonna

Madonna

Madonna

Madonna

Madonna

Nativity

Holy Night
1970s

Adoration of the Shepherds

Nativity

Lamentation of Christ

Madonna with the Pear

Adoration of the Shepherds

Virgin and Child with Book

Virgin and Child

Jesus Stripped of His Garments

Adoration of the Shepherds

Adoration of the Kings

Pietá

Pietá

Adoration of the Magi

Nativity

Descent from the Cross

Nativity

Adoration of the Kings
 



1980s

Virgin of the Harpies

Adoration of the Magi

St. Anne with Virgin and Child and a Franciscan Monk

Rest During the Flight into Egypt

Granduca Madonna

Virgin Mary Adoring Child Jesus
 

       

 

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This page, maintained by The Marian Library/International Marian Research Institute, Dayton, Ohio 45469-1390, and created by Sumithra Kulkarni , was last modified Monday, 12/03/2012 14:28:10 EST by Sumithra Kulkanri . Please send any comments to jroten1@udayton.edu.

 
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Retour a Timbres Mariales