Fang

FANG ( Pamue, Pahouin, Pangwe )
Spoken by 62,000 people in northwestern Gabon and 260,000 people in Equatorial Guinea.
Also in Cameroon and São Tomé.
Linguistic Lineage for Fang
Gabon - Equatorial Guinea - Cameroon - São Tomé
Hail Mary!

Source: "AVE MARIA in 404 lingue"
Ordine Equestro del San Sepolcro di Gerusalemme, Milano (1931).
Contributed by David G. Landsnes, MD - E-mail dgwlmd@superlink.net

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Ghari

GHARI ( WEST GUADALCANAL, Gari, Tangarare, Sughu )
Spoken by 13,000 people on Guadalcanal Island, Solomon Islands.
Linguistic Lineage for Ghari
Solomon Islands
Hail Mary!

Source: “Na Nonginongi Ma Na Linge Na Lotu Katolika” Catholic Mission Press, Honiara, Guadalcanal (1962)
Courtesy of Dante Ferry (compiler of a prayer lexicon) - E-mail danteferry@yahoo.com
Contributed by Wolfgang Kuhl - E-mail WKuhl44238@aol.com

 

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Source: "AVE MARIA in 404 lingue"
Ordine Equestro del San Sepolcro di Gerusalemme, Milano (1931).
Contributed by David G. Landsnes, MD - E-mail dgwlmd@superlink.net


Fipa

FIPA ( Chifipa, Ichifipa, Fiba )
Spoken by 200,000 people in Rukwa Region, between lakes Tanganyika and Rukwa,
Tanzania. Also spoken in Malawi.
Linguistic Lineage for Fipa
Tanzania
Hail Mary!

Source: "AVE MARIA in 404 lingue"
Ordine Equestro del San Sepolcro di Gerusalemme, Milano (1931).
Contributed by David G. Landsnes, MD - E-mail dgwlmd@superlink.net

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Fordata

FORDATA ( Larat, Vai Tnebar )
Spoken by 50,000 people in southeast Maluku, northern Tanimbar Islands of the Fordata,
Larat, the Molu-Molu group, the west coats of Yamdena, Indonesia.
Linguistic Lineage for Fordata
Indonesia
Hail Mary!  

Source: "AVE MARIA in 404 lingue"
Ordine Equestro del San Sepolcro di Gerusalemme, Milano (1931).
Contributed by David G. Landsnes, MD - E-mail dgwlmd@superlink.net

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Fuyug

FUYUG ( Fuyuge, Fujuge, Fuyughe, Mafufu, Woitape )
Spoken by 14,000 people in Central Province, Goilala District, Owen Stanley Range, Papua
New Guinea.
Central Province Language Map - Organised Phonology Data
Linguistic Lineage for Fuyug
Papua New Guinea
Hail Mary!

Source: "AVE MARIA in 404 lingue"
Ordine Equestro del San Sepolcro di Gerusalemme, Milano (1931).
Contributed by David G. Landsnes, MD - E-mail dgwlmd@superlink.net

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Fwai

FWÂI ( Poai, Yengen, Yehen )
Spoken by 1,200 people on the east coast of New Caledonia.
Linguistic Lineage for Fwâi
New Caledonia
Hail Mary! 

Source: "AVE MARIA in 404 lingue"
Ordine Equestro del San Sepolcro di Gerusalemme, Milano (1931).
Contributed by David G. Landsnes, MD - E-mail dgwlmd@superlink.net

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Gabon

GABON ( MYENE )
A dialect of Myene spoken in Gabon.
Linguistic Lineage for Myene
Gabon
Hail Mary!

Source: "AVE MARIA in 404 lingue"
Ordine Equestro del San Sepolcro di Gerusalemme, Milano (1931).
Contributed by David G. Landsnes, MD - E-mail dgwlmd@superlink.net

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Gaeilge

GAEILGE ( Irish Gaelic, Irish, Erse )
Spoken by 260,000 people in Ireland and 100,000 people in Great Britain.
Linguistic Lineage for Gaelic, Irish
Ireland
Hail Mary! - 1936

Source: "AVE MARIA", Commissariat of the Holy Land, Franciscan Monastery, Washington, DC, 1936.

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Ganguela

GANGUELA ( NYEMBA, Ganguella, Ngangela, Nhemba )
Spoken by 222,000 people in south central and southeast Angola. Also in Zambia and
Namibia.
Linguistic Lineage for Nyemba
Angola
Hail Mary!

Source: "AVE MARIA in 404 lingue"
Ordine Equestro del San Sepolcro di Gerusalemme, Milano (1931).
Contributed by David G. Landsnes, MD - E-mail dgwlmd@superlink.net

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Gothic

Source: Photograph taken at the Franciscan Monastery in Washington, D.C. Contributed by Edward Laban

 

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Gothic (Ave Maria)

Source: Photograph taken at the Franciscan Monastery in Washington, D.C. Contributed by Edward Laban

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Source: AVE MARIA, a chirographic opus in three hundred languages by Z.W. Wolkowski

 


Guarani

Guaraní is considered a national language of Paraguay, spoken in 1995 by about 4,648,000 people and understood by about 95% of the population. Some 52% of rural citizens of Paraguay are monolingual in Guarani. It is a language in the Tupi family, having an 80% lexical similarity with Chiriguano (spoken by about 32,000 people mainly in Argentina and Bolivia).

There are effectively no distinct dialects in modern Guaranf, although variants exist which are attendant upon the degree of "Hispanization" of the region. The version here has been translated by Padre Otazua of Caaguazu, Paraguay as supplied by Ms. Angelica Otazu of CEPAG (Centro de Estudios Paraguayos Antonio Guasch.)

An additional version has also been supplied which helps to illustrate the neologisms such as theological terms as utilized in this prayer in the Guaraní language. This particular translation was originally composed in 1952 by Padre Antonio Guasch:

Romomaitei María, Tupã remime'etégui ne renyheva. Ñandejára oi ne ndive. Kuña karai maymáva apytégui reñepõrangerekovéva. Ha momorãmby ete ave ne Memby, ore Moingovehára. Tupã Maria marangatu, eñembo'e míkena ore angaipavóra rehe ãga ha ára romanohápe. Te upéichakena.

In the two translations, the Guarani word "Ñandejára" meaning "nuestro Señor" or "Our Lord" for the word God may be used alternatively in place of another term of similar meaning, namely "Tupã," which is the name of an ancient guaraní deity which the first European missionaries considered as the superior deity of the guaraní people.

Acknowledgments for the Guaraní translations of the "Hail Mary":

  • Dr. Wolf Lustig, University of Mainz, Germany
  • Ms. Angelica Otazu, CEPAG (Centro pare Estudios Paraguayos Antonio Guasch)
  • Ethnologue Index

Source: "AVE MARIA in 404 lingue"
Ordine Equestro del San Sepolcro di Gerusalemme, Milano (1931).
Contributed by David G. Landsnes, MD - E-mail dgwlmd@superlink.net

GUARANÍ, Paraguayan ( Avañe'e )
Spoken by 4,700,000 people in Paraguay. Also in Argentina.
Linguistic Lineage for Guarani, Paraguayan
Paraguay - Argentina

Evy'áke, María,
nerenyhêva Tupâ Ñandejára remime'êgui;
ha'e oî ñendive.
Nde ha'e jehovasapyre kuñanguéra apytépe
ha jehovasapyre avei Hesu nde retepýgui oúva.
Tupâsy María marangatu,
eñembo'e ore iñangaipáva rehe
ko'ága ha pe romanóta jave.
Amen.

Contributed by Father Miguel Fritz OMI, Mariscal Estigarribia, Chaco, Paraguay - E-mail vapmcal@rieder.net.py

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Gunei

GUNEI ( GUNWINGGU, Guini, Gunawitji, Mayali, Kunwinjku )

A dialect of Gunwinggu spoken by 1,600 people in Northern Territory and on Croker Island, Australia.
Linguistic Lineage for Gunwinggu
Australia

Source: "AVE MARIA in 404 lingue"
Ordine Equestro del San Sepolcro di Gerusalemme, Milano (1931).
Contributed by David G. Landsnes, MD - E-mail dgwlmd@superlink.net Linguistic Lineage for Gunwinggu Australia

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Gwe

GWE ( SUKUMA, Kisukuma )
A dialect of Sukuma (3,200,000 speakers) spoken in northwest Tanzania.
Linguistic Lineage for Sukuma
Tanzania

Source: "AVE MARIA in 404 lingue"
Ordine Equestro del San Sepolcro di Gerusalemme, Milano (1931).
Contributed by David G. Landsnes, MD - E-mail dgwlmd@superlink.net

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Herero

HERERO ( Otjherero, Ochiherero, Herrero, Damara )
Spoken by 113,000 people in Dhimba, Damaraland and northwest Ovamboland territory,
Kaokoveld, Namibia. Also in Botswana.
Linguistic Lineage for Herero
Namibia - Botswana

Source: "AVE MARIA in 404 lingue"
Ordine Equestro del San Sepolcro di Gerusalemme, Milano (1931).
Contributed by David G. Landsnes, MD - E-mail dgwlmd@superlink.net

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Contributed by Father Gérard Legleder, SMOM (Order of Malta) - E-mail gtl@iafrica.com


Herero (Salve Regina)

Contributed by Father Gérard Legleder, SMOM (Order of Malta) - E-mail gtl@iafrica.com

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HanakCzech

HANAK
A central Moravian dialect spoken in the Czech Republic.
Linguistic Lineage for Czech
Czech Republic

Contributed by Libor Sztemon - E-mail sztemon@volny.cz

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Ibanag

IBANAG ( Ybanag )
Spoken by 500,000 people in Isabela and Cagayan provinces, Luzon, Philippines.
Linguistic Lineage for Ibanag
Philippines

Source: Catecismo de la Doctrina Cristiana en Idioma Ibanag (1922)
Contributed by Wolfgang Kuhl - E-mail WKuhl44238@aol.com

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Source: "AVE MARIA in 404 lingue"
Ordine Equestro del San Sepolcro di Gerusalemme, Milano (1931).
Contributed by David G. Landsnes, MD - E-mail dgwlmd@superlink.net

 


Hindustani

HINDUSTANI ( CARIBBEAN HINDI, Sarnami Hindi, Aili Gaili )
Spoken by 165,000 people in Suriname and Trinidad and Tobago. Also in Belize and Guyana.
Linguistic Lineage for Hindustani, Caribbean
Suriname - Trinidad and Tobago

Source: "AVE MARIA in 404 lingue"
Ordine Equestro del San Sepolcro di Gerusalemme, Milano (1931).
Contributed by David G. Landsnes, MD - E-mail dgwlmd@superlink.net

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Hokchia

HOKCHIA ( MIN BEI CHINESE, Northern Min, Min Pei )
Spoken by 10,300,000 people in northern Fujiang Province, China. Also in Singapore.
Linguistic Lineage for Chinese, Min Bei
China

Source: "AVE MARIA in 404 lingue"
Ordine Equestro del San Sepolcro di Gerusalemme, Milano (1931).
Contributed by David G. Landsnes, MD - E-mail dgwlmd@superlink.net

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Hungwe

HUNGWE ( MANYIKA, Chimanyika )
A Manyika dialect spoken in Matabeleland, Zimbabwe.
Linguistic Lineage for Manyika
Zimbabwe

Source: "AVE MARIA in 404 lingue"
Ordine Equestro del San Sepolcro di Gerusalemme, Milano (1931).
Contributed by David G. Landsnes, MD - E-mail dgwlmd@superlink.net

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Hyerogliphic

HYEROGLIPHIC
The hyerogliphic script used in ancient Egypt.
Egypt

Source: "AVE MARIA in 404 lingue"
Ordine Equestro del San Sepolcro di Gerusalemme, Milano (1931).
Contributed by David G. Landsnes, MD - E-mail dgwlmd@superlink.net

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Ibo

IBO, WESTERN ( IGBO, Onitsha )
A dialect of Ibo spoken in Abia State and Anambra State, Nigeria.
Linguistic Lineage for Igbo
Nigeria

Source: "AVE MARIA in 404 lingue"
Ordine Equestro del San Sepolcro di Gerusalemme, Milano (1931).
Contributed by David G. Landsnes, MD - E-mail dgwlmd@superlink.net

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Ignaciano

IGNACIANO ( Moxo, Moxos, Mojos )
Spoken by 4,500 people in south central Beni, Bolivia.
Linguistic Lineage for Ignaciano
Bolivia

Source: "AVE MARIA in 404 lingue"
Ordine Equestro del San Sepolcro di Gerusalemme, Milano (1931).
Contributed by David G. Landsnes, MD - E-mail dgwlmd@superlink.net

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Inupiat

INUPIAT ( Northwest Alaska Inupiat Eskimo, Inupiatun, Inuktitut )
Spoken by 4,000 people along Kobuk river, Noatak River, in Seaward Peninsula and
Bering Strait, Alaska, USA. Also in Canada.
Linguistic Lineage for Inupiatun, Northwest Alaska
U.S.A.

Source: "AVE MARIA in 404 lingue"
Ordine Equestro del San Sepolcro di Gerusalemme, Milano (1931).
Contributed by David G. Landsnes, MD - E-mail dgwlmd@superlink.net

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Iroquois

IROQUOIS
One of the hundreds of extinct native language that were spoken in U.S.A. and Canada.
U.S.A. - Canada

Source: "AVE MARIA in 404 lingue"
Ordine Equestro del San Sepolcro di Gerusalemme, Milano (1931).
Contributed by David G. Landsnes, MD - E-mail dgwlmd@superlink.net

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Isekiri

ISEKIRI ( ITSEKIRI, Jekri, Jekiri, Ishekiri, Shekiri, Chekiri, Iwere, Warri, Iselema-Otu, Selemo )
Spoken by 510,000 people in Delta State, Warri, Bomadi and Ethiope LGS's, Nigeria.
Linguistic Lineage of Isekiri
Nigeria

Source: "AVE MARIA in 404 lingue"
Ordine Equestro del San Sepolcro di Gerusalemme, Milano (1931).
Contributed by David G. Landsnes, MD - E-mail dgwlmd@superlink.net

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Isoko

ISOKO ( "Igabo", "Sobo", "Biotu" )
Spoken by 423,000 people in Delta State, Isoko and Ndokwa LGA's, Nigeria.
Linguistic Lineage of Isoko
Nigeria

Source: "AVE MARIA in 404 lingue"
Ordine Equestro del San Sepolcro di Gerusalemme, Milano (1931).
Contributed by David G. Landsnes, MD - E-mail dgwlmd@superlink.net

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Istriot

ISTRIOT
Emiliano-Romagnolo, Ligurian, Piedmontese, Venitian and Lombard. It is spoken on the
western coast of Istrian Peninsula, Croatia, mostly in the towns of Rovigno (Rovinj) and
Dignano (Vodnjan).
Linguistic Lineage for Istriot
Istria information - Map of Istria - Slovenia - Croatia - Bosnia and Herzegovina

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Ivbie North

IVBIE NORTH ( Ibie North, Ivbie North-Okpela-Arhe )
Spoken by 20,000 people in Edo State, Nigeria.
Linguistic Lineage for Ivbie North-Okpela-Arhe
Nigeria

Source: "AVE MARIA in 404 lingue"
Ordine Equestro del San Sepolcro di Gerusalemme, Milano (1931).
Contributed by David G. Landsnes, MD - E-mail dgwlmd@superlink.net

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Jur Modo

JUR MODO ( Modo Lali )
Spoken by 100,000 people in southern Sudan.
Linguistic Lineage for Jur Modo
Sudan

Source: "AVE MARIA in 404 lingue"
Ordine Equestro del San Sepolcro di Gerusalemme, Milano (1931).
Contributed by David G. Landsnes, MD - E-mail dgwlmd@superlink.net

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Ivrit (Hebrew)

IVRIT ( Hebrew )
Spoken by 5,000,000 people in Israel.
Linguistic Lineage for Hebrew
Israel

 A Modern Version used throughout the Holy land

Contributed by Father Pierbattista, O.F.M. - E-mail mspzz@mscc.huji.ac.il

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Ivrit (Hebrew)

Contributed by Libor Sztemon - E-mail sztemon@volny.cz

A Transliterated Version

Avinu shebashamayim
yitkadesh shimcha,
tavo malchutecha,
yease retsoncha kebashamayim ken ba'aretz.
Et lechem chukenu ten lanu hayom,
uslach lanu al chataeinu,
kefi shesolchim gam anachnu lachot'im lanu.
Veal tevienu lijdei nisajon
ki im chaltzenu min hara.
Ki lecha hamamlacha hagvura
vehatif'eret leolmei olamim.
Amen.

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Ivrit (Hebrew)

Source: S. Apostolides "Our Lord's prayer in one hundred different languages", London, 1869.

Contributed by Father Pierbattista, O.F.M. - E-mail mspzz@mscc.huji.ac.il

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Ivrit (Hebrew)

Contributed by Libor Sztemon - E-mail sztemon@volny.cz

Source: "AVE MARIA in 404 lingue"
Ordine Equestro del San Sepolcro di Gerusalemme, Milano (1931).
Contributed by David G. Landsnes, MD - E-mail dgwlmd@superlink.net

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Ivrit (Hebrew)

 

Source: "Das Gebet des Herrn in den Sprachen Russlands"
("The Lord's Prayer in the languages of Russia"), St. Petersburg, 1870.
Contributed by Harri Mürk - E-mail hmurk@chass.utoronto.ca

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