The Life of Mary: Pentecost©

The charts below are direct quotes from Post-Vatican II Magisterial Documents concerning the theme, Mary's Life, Pentecost. These teachings of the Catholic Church may prove useful to include in talks, in homilies or for research. For the full title and document data, click on the abbreviation code (for example, BYM leads you to the document, Behold Your Mother). This will also lead you to the complete document on this website or assist you in locating it elsewhere.

For an index of the documents used in the study see: List of Magisterial Documents
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Documents VI. The Life of Mary / 2l. Sacred Scripture:
New Testament Elements After the Death of Christ: Pentecost
Lumen Gentium, 1964
  • before the day of Pentecost "persevering with one mind in prayer with the women and Mary the Mother of Jesus, and with his brethren." (Acts 1:14) 59
  • and we also see Mary by her prayers imploring the gift of the Spirit, who had already overshadowed her in the Annunciation 59
Behold Your Mother (USA), 1973
  • There are striking likenesses between the Annunciation and Pentecost. Mary, the great mother figure for the Church, is present not only at the Annunciation, but praying with her Son's disciples before Pentecost. 79
  • After Christ's Resurrection, surrounded by His disciples, Mary prayed for the coming of that same Spirit, in order that the Church, the Body of her Son, might be born on Pentecost. 115
Catechesi Tradendae, 1979
  • Virgin of Pentecost [title, invoking her intercession] 73
Dominum et Vivificantem, 1986
  • The era of the Church began with the "coming," that is to say with the descent of the Holy Spirit on the Apostles gathered in the Upper Room in Jerusalem, together with Mary, the Lord's Mother. (cf. Acts 1:14) 25
  • Christ's prophecies in the farewell discourse found their most exact and direct confirmation on the day of Pentecost, in particular the prediction which we are dealing with: "The Counselor ... will convince the world concerning sin." (Jn 16:7) On that day, the promised Holy Spirit came down upon the Apostles gathered in prayer together with Mary the Mother of Jesus, in the same Upper room, as we read in the Acts of the Apostles: "And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance," (Acts 2:4) "thus bringing back to unity the scattered races and offering to the Father the first-fruits of all the nations." (cf. Irenaeus, Adversus Haereses) 30
Redemptoris Mater, 1987
  • [birth of Church] continuity of Mary's motherhood: "Since it pleased God not to manifest solemnly the mystery of the salvation of the human race until he poured forth the Spirit promised by Christ, we see the Apostles before the day of Pentecost 'continuing with one mind in prayer with the women and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with his brethren.' (Acts 1: 14) We see Mary prayerfully imploring the gift of the Spirit, who had already overshadowed her in the Annunciation." (LG 59) 24 [See also 26 which deals extensively with this theme]

    [See also 28, 40, 42, 44, 49]

  • [Pentecost solemnity chosen for start of Marian Year 1987] 49
Letter to Priests for Holy Thursday, 1988
  • The Council teaches that Mary advanced in her pilgrimage of faith through her perfect union with her Son unto the cross and goes before, presenting herself in an eminent and singular way to the whole People of God, which follows the same path, in the footsteps of Christ in the Holy Spirit. Should not we priests unite ourselves with her in a special way, we who as pastors of the Church must also lead the communities entrusted to us along the path which from the Upper Room of Pentecost follows Christ throughout human history? 7
The VM in Intellectual and Spiritual Formation, 1988
  • Full of faith in the promise of the Son (cf. LK 24:49), the Virgin is present, praying in the midst of the community of disciples: Persevering with them in one accord, we see Mary prayerfully imploring the gift of the Spirit, who had already overshadowed her in the Annunciation: (LG 59). 8
  • the Virgin was actively present in the life of the Church...
    - in its manifestation (the mystery of Pentecost) 17
To All Consecrated Persons, Marian Year, 1988
  • [See spiritual motherhood above] 21
  • Those who together with Mary in the Upper Room in Jerusalem were awaiting the day of Pentecost have already experienced the "new era." having received the breath of the Spirit of truth they are to go out of the Upper Room in order to bear witness, in union with this Spirit, to Christ crucified and risen (cf. Jn 15:26-27) In doing so they are to reveal God who, as love, embraces and fills the world 23
  • Try to be present with Mary in the Upper Room at Pentecost. She more than anyone will bring you close to this saving vision of the truth about God and man, about God and the world, which is contained in Saint Paul's words: "For you have died, and your life is hid with Christ in God." 26
Redemptoris Custos, St. Joseph, 1989
  • [Mary's pilgrimage of faith] is a path along which especially at the time of Calvary and Pentecost Mary will precede in a perfect way. [LG 63] 5
  • the path that was Joseph's his pilgrimage of faith, ended first, that is to say, before Mary stood at the foot of the cross on Golgotha and before the time after Christ returned to the Father, when she was present in the upper room on Pentecost 6
Catechism of the Catholic Church, 1994
Fidei Depositum, 1992
726 ... she was present with the Twelve, who "with one accord devoted themselves to prayer," (Acts 1:14) at the dawn of the "end time" which the Spirit was to inaugurate on the morning of Pentecost with the manifestation of the Church.

965 After her Son's Ascension, Mary "aided the beginnings of the Church by her prayers." (LG 69) In her association with the apostles and several women, "we also see Mary by her prayers imploring the gift of the Spirit, who had already overshadowed her in the Annunciation." (LG 59)

Orientale Lumen, 1995
Ut Unum Sint, 1995
Ecclesia in Oceania, 2001
  • In our time, she is no less present to the Church than she was at Pentecost, gathered with the Apostles in prayer (cf. Acts1:14). With her prayer and presence, she will surely support the new evangelization just as she supported the first. In times of difficulty and pain, Mary has been an unfailing refuge for those seeking peace and healing. 53
Rosarium Virginis Mariae, 2002
  • Thereafter Mary's gaze, ever filled with adoration and wonder, would never leave him. ... On the morning of Easter hers would be a gaze radiant with the joy of the Resurrection, and finally, on the day of Pentecost, a gaze afire with the outpouring of the Spirit (cf. Acts 1:14). 10
  • At the center of this unfolding sequence of the glory of the Son and the Mother, the Rosary sets before us the third glorious mystery, Pentecost, which reveals the face of the Church as a family gathered together with Mary, enlivened by the powerful outpouring of the Spirit and ready for the mission of evangelization. The contemplation of this scene, like that of the other glorious mysteries, ought to lead the faithful to an ever greater appreciation of their new life in Christ, lived in the heart of the Church, a life of which the scene of Pentecost itself is the great "icon." 23
Ecclesia de Eucharistia, 2003
  • At first glance, the Gospel is silent on this subject. The account of the institution of the Eucharist on the night of Holy Thursday makes no mention of Mary. Yet we know that she was present among the Apostles who prayed "with one accord" (cf. Acts 1:14) in the first community which gathered after the Ascension in expectation of Pentecost. Certainly Mary must have been present at the Eucharistic celebrations of the first generation of Christians, who were devoted to "the breaking of bread." (Acts 2:42) 53

© This material has been compiled by M. Jean Frisk.
Copyright is reserved for The Marian Library/International Marian Research Institute.

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