The term "Taoism" designates a school of philosophy, as well as one of the main religions of the Chinese. The development of philosophical thought and of religious faith is closely interwoven, and not always clearly distinguishable. At the center of the doctrine of both is the fundamental concept of Tao ("way").14
The doctrine of Taoism is also called Tao, but these are purely speculative and negative concepts (not to be, not to act as a basic concept); it contributes not little to the doctrine of this religion, which is considered erotic and paradoxical by the Chinese . 15
cannot be grasped and perceived by the senses. It is only possible to grasp it
by intuition. To indicate it in this way, it is called by the name of' Tao.
Tao has no form and is empty (Tao-te-ching, 14/25); nonetheless it continually
creates. It doesn't deteriorate; and from its impenetrability derive ten
thousand beings. Due to this internal vacuum, everything comes into being and is
continually produced (Tao-te-ching, 4/11).
This Tao manifests itself in human beings in the form of the virtues and as
their innate nature. When one practices Tao and recovers the original virtue
(considered the "essence of human reality"), one makes the things to be done
diminish every day, until one arrives at Non-acting (Wu-Wei).
Because of this negation of oneself, the Wu-Wei is identified with
the functioning of the Tao itself. 16
How to speak about Mary
Taoism, the "Mother," as the first cause of all beings of the world,
untiringly generates the infinite cycle of beginnings and ends. She is the motor
and measure of all beings. Through her creative function, one can get to know
the sons. And when one knows the sons, one knows the Mother. When one dialogs
with Taoists, it is best to emphasize the flexibility and humility of the
virtues of Mary rather than to talk of fortitude and perseverance. According to
Tao-te-ching, "whatever is flexible and weak wins over what is hard and
strong." (Tao-te-ching 28)
Cf. KIM Ok-hi, Educazione religiosa in famiglia nel periodo della
in <Sa-Mok> 189 (1994), pp. 19-25.