Accra

ACCRA ( GA, Acra, Amina, Gain, Adangme, Krobo )
Spoken by 600,000 people in southeast Ghana, on the coast around Accra and inland. Also in Togo.
Linguistic Lineage for Ga
Ghana - Togo

Source: "AVE MARIA in 404 lingue"
Ordine Equestro del San Sepolcro di Gerusalemme, Milano (1931).
Contributed by David G. Landsnes, MD - E-mail dgwlmd@superlink.net

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Antesaka

ANTESAKA ( Malagasy, Southern Betsimisaraka )
Spoken by 600,000 people on the east coast of Madagascar, in Toamasina and Fianarantsoa Provinces.
Linguistic Lineage for Malagasy Southern Betsimisaraka
Madagascar

Source: "AVE MARIA in 404 lingue"
Ordine Equestro del San Sepolcro di Gerusalemme, Milano (1931).
Contributed by David G. Landsnes, MD - E-mail dgwlmd@superlink.net

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Antesaka,
Spoken by about 600,000 people on the east coast of Madagascar.

Salama Ramadriama,
Masimpenou Tompon,
Antsica hotang aminau,
Hanau missahots rauuanga
Vaiuaue abi, nare nisahotse
Onghe zanaca, notondarau Rahssa
Ramariama masin, Reine
Nih zahanhare mitambetambeho
Hanau ahinri nahonay ompaghota izan-
Heuezabe amaleha tanh zahai hofate.
Amin.


Babanki

BABANKI ( Kidzem, Kidzom, Finge, Kejeng )
Spoken by 22,500 people in Tuba Subdivision, Mezam Division, North West Province, Cameroon.
Linguistic Lineage for Babanki
Cameroon

Source: "AVE MARIA in 404 lingue"
Ordine Equestro del San Sepolcro di Gerusalemme, Milano (1931).
Contributed by David G. Landsnes, MD - E-mail dgwlmd@superlink.net

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Banguilo

BANGUIOLO (BANGUBANGU )
Spoken in Maniema Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Also in Zambia.
Linguistic Lineage for Bangubangu
Democratic Republic of the Congo

Source: "AVE MARIA in 404 lingue"
Ordine Equestro del San Sepolcro di Gerusalemme, Milano (1931).
Contributed by David G. Landsnes, MD - E-mail dgwlmd@superlink.net

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Bari

BARI ( Beri )
Spoken by 420,000 people in southern Sudan. Also in Uganda, Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Linguistic Lineage for Bari
Sudan

Source: Pater Noster

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Baya

BAYA ( NORTHWEST GBAYA, Gbaya, Gbaya Nord-Ouest )
Spoken by 200,000 in Bouar, Baboua, Bocaranga, Paoua subprefectures in Central African Republic.
Also in Cameroon, Congo, Nigeria.
Linguistic Lineage for Gbaya, Northwest
Central African Republic - Cameroon

Source: "AVE MARIA in 404 lingue"
Ordine Equestro del San Sepolcro di Gerusalemme, Milano (1931).
Contributed by David G. Landsnes, MD - E-mail dgwlmd@superlink.net

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Belanda Viri

BELANDA VIRI ( Belanda, Viri, Bviri, Biri, Gumba, Gamba, Mbegumba, Mvegumba )
Spoken by 16,000 people around Raffili, on the Wau road, on the Kuru river, around Tembura and on the Iba River, Sudan.
Linguistic Lineage for Belanda Viri
Sudan

Source: "AVE MARIA in 404 lingue"
Ordine Equestro del San Sepolcro di Gerusalemme, Milano (1931).
Contributed by David G. Landsnes, MD - E-mail dgwlmd@superlink.net

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Boe

BOE ( DEG, Degha, Mo, Mmfo, Aculo, Janela, Buru )
Spoken by 27,000 people in Ghana. Also in Cte d'Ivoire.
Linguistic Lineage for Deg
Ghana - Cte d'Ivoire

Source: "AVE MARIA in 404 lingue"
Ordine Equestro del San Sepolcro di Gerusalemme, Milano (1931).
Contributed by David G. Landsnes, MD - E-mail dgwlmd@superlink.net

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Bohemian

BOHEMIAN, CENTRAL ( Czech, Cestina )
There are several Bohemian dialects of the Czech language, inherently intelligible to each other's speakers.
Linguistic Lineage for Czech
Czech Republic

Source: "AVE MARIA in 404 lingue"
Ordine Equestro del San Sepolcro di Gerusalemme, Milano (1931).
Contributed by David G. Landsnes, MD - E-mail dgwlmd@superlink.net

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Border Kuna

BORDER KUNA ( Colombia Cuna, Caiman Nuevo, Cuna, Paya-Pucuro, Karibe-Kuna )
Spoken by 1,000 people in the border area between Colombia and Panama.
Linguistic Lineage for Kuna, Border
Colombia - Panama

Source: "AVE MARIA in 404 lingue"
Ordine Equestro del San Sepolcro di Gerusalemme, Milano (1931).
Contributed by David G. Landsnes, MD - E-mail dgwlmd@superlink.net

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Bosanski

BOSANSKI ( Bosnian )
Spoken by 4,000,000 people in Bosnia-Herzegovina.
Linguistic Lineage for Bosnian
Bosnia - Herzegovina

Source: "AVE MARIA in 404 lingue"
Ordine Equestro del San Sepolcro di Gerusalemme, Milano (1931).
Contributed by David G. Landsnes, MD - E-mail dgwlmd@superlink.net

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Botunga

BOTUNGA ( MBOLE, Lombole )
Spoken by 100,000 people in Orientale Province southwest of Kinsangani, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Also in Uganda.
Linguistic Lineage for Mbole
Democratic Republic of the Congo

Source: Contributed by David G. Landsnes, MD - E-mail dgwlmd@superlink.net

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Cuman

The language spoken by the Cuman tribes in the steppe zone stretching from Ukraine to Central Eurasia (11-14th centuries), now extinct. Ukraine 

Source: "Codex Cumanicus" - 1303
Cod. Marc. Lat. DXLIX in faksimile herausgegeben mit einer Einleitung von K. Grnbech.
Kopenhagen, Levin & Munksgaard, 1936, S.63v, rows 27-32.
Contributed by Dr. Aleksander Garkavets, Director of the Center for Eurasian Studies "Desht-i Qypchaq",
Almaty, Kazakhstan - E-mail desht_i_qypchaq@hotmail.com or qypchaq@usa.net

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Cuyonon

CUYONON ( Cuyunon, Cuyono, Cuyo, Kuyunon, Kuyonon )
A trade language spoken by 124,000 people along the Palawan coast and in Cuyo Islands between Palawan and Panay, Philippines.
Linguistic Lineage for Cuyonon
The Philippines

Source: "AVE MARIA in 404 lingue"
Ordine Equestro del San Sepolcro di Gerusalemme, Milano (1931).
Contributed by David G. Landsnes, MD - E-mail dgwlmd@superlink.net

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Edo

EDO ( BENIN, BINI, Addo, Oviedo, Ovioba )
Spoken by 1,000,000 people in Bendel State, Ovia, Oredo and Orhionmwon LGS's, Nigeria.
Linguistic Lineage for Edo
Nigeria

Source: "AVE MARIA in 404 lingue"
Ordine Equestro del San Sepolcro di Gerusalemme, Milano (1931).
Contributed by David G. Landsnes, MD - E-mail dgwlmd@superlink.net

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Edo
Spoken by about 600,000 people on the east coast of Madagascar.

Domo Maria novoen ne grasia, Noyaen mwan
Go e ro a yoghoghow uē vbuw ikuho, a vbe yoghoghow
Om eko rue ne Jesu.
Maria nohuanren Iy Osa, nerhunmwun ni ma n
Eruorukho nia, ke vb egh uwu mwan. Ise.

Source: "Catechism in the Bini Language" published by the Catholic Mission, Benin City (1957) Courtesy of Dante Ferry (compiler of a prayer lexicon) - E-mail danteferry@yahoo.com

Contributed by Wolfgang Kuhl - E-mail WKuhl44238@aol.com


Emiglian (Hail Mary!)

EMIGLIN-BULGNAIS ( BULGNAIS, Bolognaise)
The Emiglin dialect spoken in Bologna, the capital city of Emilia-Romagna.
Linguistic Lineage for Emiliano-Romagnolo
Map of Italy's regions - The Bulgnais web site - Italy


Contributed by Roberto Serra - E-mail roberto.serra@virgilio.it

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Sign of the Cross

 

Note: Usage by country - Home Speakers: All of the Italian administrative
Region Emilia-Romagna except for the area which speaks Rumagnl; parts of
the neighbouring Regions Lombardia and Toscana, a small part of Veneto.
History - It belongs to the Indo-European family, Romance group and is
intelligible to a potential group of 4 000 000 people, to which one can add the
400 000 who understand Rumagnl, the dialect of Romagna : actually
Emiglin and Rumagnl, called in Italian "emiliano" and "romagnolo", form a
single group of closely related dialects, whose characteristics are quite
different from the Italian literary language normally used in official documents.
The Ethnologue says: "A structurally separate language from Italian".
Bulgnais (called "bolognese" in Italian), is the Emiglin dialect spoken in the
capital city of Emilia-Romagna. Its mainly characteristics (typical diphtongs,
lack of double consonants, large use of pronouns, a simplified verbal
conjugation on the French model and a large part of its vocabulary) are
largely shared by all Emiglin dialects.


Essang

ESSANG ( TALAUD, Talaut, Talodda )
A dialect of Talaud spoken in northern Sulawesi and the Talaud Islands (Indonesia).
Linguistic Lineage for Talaud
Indonesia

Source: "AVE MARIA in 404 lingue"
Ordine Equestro del San Sepolcro di Gerusalemme, Milano (1931).
Contributed by David G. Landsnes, MD - E-mail dgwlmd@superlink.net

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Bearnais

Source: AVE MARIA, a chirographic opus in three hundred languages by Z.W. Wolkowski

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BARNAIS ( Gascon, Biarnese )
A dialect of Gascon spoken in Gascogne (southwestern France).
Linguistic Lineage for Gascon France.

Te saludi, Maria, plea de grcia,
lo Senhor qu'ei dambe tu,
qu's benedida entre las hemnas
e benedit qu'ei lo frut deu ton vente, Jsus.

Senta Maria, mair de Diu,
prga nosauts, pecadors,
ara e a l'ra de nosta mort.
Amn. 

Source:Contributed by Fernando Saura-Verdu - E-mail saura@infonie.fr