Novena in Preparation for the Immaculate Conception
December 2

Some of the more radical proponents of the Immaculate Conception took a vow to defend it even to the point of shedding their blood.

For example, in 1497 the Sorbonne and the University of Oxford required an oath to uphold the teaching of all those acquiring academic degrees.  The professors and students at the university of Granada Spain followed suit in 1617.

It is estimated that in the 17th century over 6,485 treatises were published favoring the 'immaculist' position, with a comparable number taking the 'maculist' view.

This was the era which also produced the great paintings of Murillo, de Velasquez, and others.

On May 15, 1693 Innocent II extended the feast to the whole church with an Office and Octave.

Everything in you, Mary, is fiat: you are the Immaculate One, through you shines the fullness of grace.

Return to the introduction


This page, maintained by The Marian Library/International Marian Research Institute, Dayton, Ohio 45469-1390, and created by Ann Zlotnik , was last modified Friday, 09/20/2013 16:35:45 EDT by Michael Duricy . Please send any comments to

URL for this page is