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Marian Library News

We have received a number of emails from readers commending our institute and its website, The Mary Page.  Thank you all for your encouragement and support.  The following is a typical example.

I enjoyed the the news section and have referred people to The Mary Page.



Francesca Franchina, program host on Radio Maria and IMRI student, will lead a charismatic retreat in Cincinnati for the Lighthouse Renewal Center on September 14-15, 2012.  Click in to see details or the complete brochure in PDF.

Fran informed us that Brother Joe Spehar, S.M., director the Lighthouse community in Cincinnati, died recently.  Please remember him in your prayers.

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Mary in Books, Films, and Music

Marian Literary Reference

Jon Harvey, who has contributed several items to The Mary Page, informed us about Marian content in a story by Ernest Hemingway.  Click into an article about this topic.

Suggested A/V material

Please consider God, Country, Notre Dame: The Story of Father Ted Hesburgh, C.S.C., from Family Theater Productions.  Click here for details, including a video clip.

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Radio Maria from The Marian Library

Prayer of Blessed John Paul II for Radio Maria

Mary, guide us in our major decisions and give us strength in times of trial so that we may, with humble courage, follow the hidden ways of Heaven, keeping faith with God and mankind so that we can bring the joyful message of Christ, the Savior, to the hearts and minds of all.

Mary, guiding star of evangelization, be with us.  Be with Radio Maria as guide and be its protector.

Radio Maria needs YOU!!  Radio Maria is having it's Fall Mariathon (on-air pledge drive) Tuesday, September 18 through Saturday, September 22.  You can help by calling in your pledge of support, comments, and prayer requests to 1-888-408-0201 or online at  Please consider either a one-time gift or joining ARMS21 (Association of Radio Maria Supporters donating $21/month).  If you're interested in contributing a Matching Gift or Grant, please contact our regional office at 937-425-8773.  Radio Maria features live broadcasts of several Masses, programs and events from Ohio--tune in for Holy Mass from Ohio parishes the third and fifth Sunday morning of each month.  Thank you in advance for your generous financial support and prayers for your local Catholic Radio Maria stations: 88.7 FM, Anna/West Central Ohio and 1600 AM, Springfield/Dayton.  You may also listen live by using our free mobile apps for Android, Blackberry and iPhone users or at where you'll also find podcasts of previous programs.  Radio Maria...a Christian voice in your home!

On Thursday, June 7, the Board of Directors for the English-speaking Radio Maria in the U.S. met in New York City.  They would like to share some significant changes and new appointments that were made at that time.  For further details click here.

Francesca Franchina, MS Ed., a long-time member of the Marianist Family, will be doing a series of Marian broadcasts through the local stations for Radio Maria WHJM (FM 88.7) in Anna, Ohio and WULM (AM 1600) in Springfield, Ohio.  Called "Francesca and Friends: Why Mary?," the program airs every Wednesday from 12:00 - 1:00 PM EST focusing on what is going on in the world about Mary, how to speak with others about Mary, and Mary in Scripture.  CALL IN TOLL-FREE.  PARTICIPATE IN THE PROGRAM (during the live show) 1-866-333-6279.

On Wednesday, September 12, 2012, Francesca Franchina speaks with physical therapist, Pam Bettner of Cincinnati, OH, Founder of All People First, a ministry to the elderly and infirm, from which derived Mary's Moms and Joe's Dads.  Pam is the mom of three daughters and has spoken throughout the USA in OH, AZ, IN, KY, VA, and TX, as well as in Ghana, Africa.  She will be ministering in Belize, and South America in the coming Year of Faith.  Pam shares about how she found Jesus and Mary, St. Louis de Montfort and the Total Consecration, how she got smitten with Our Lady of Fatima, and how she has been led to present talks, missions, and retreats in the far corners of familiar territory as well as how she was called to be a missionary in foreign lands.

Francesca and Friends with Francesca Franchina, National OSIA Trustee, is now being broadcast throughout the New York City metropolitan area at 11 pm on Friday nights on WSNR 620 AM, as well as on other local  Radio Maria USA frequencies,  and streaming on  This is the replay of the program originating on the preceding Wednesday at noon EST.  Give a listen every Friday at 11 PM; Mondays at 8:30 PM and LIVE on Wednesdays at noon EST.

The broadcast may also be heard on-line at  The website also provides access to some previous broadcasts.  We'll keep you informed about future programs.  An encore of each show is broadcast Monday night from 8:30-9:30 pm EST one week after the original.

Francesca is no longer doing her Tuesday program, Through the Tummy to the Heart on Radio Maria, but all programs and recipes are still posted in the Archives on the Radio Maria website at  She will inaugurate commentary and blog on in the near future.

Living with Mary Today! Live: Thursdays and Fridays 2:30-3:00 PM EST: From the Pontifical International Marian Research Institute (IMRI) at the University of Dayton Marian Library, internationally-known Mariologists Fathers Bertrand Buby, François Rossier, Johann Roten, and Thomas Thompson of the Society of Mary (Marianists), and other IMRI faculty; Michael Duricy, Jean Frisk, and others will discuss Marian themes such as The Blessed Mother and Ecumenism; Mary and The Family; Mary and Suffering, Marian Teachings and Writings of Pope John Paul II, Pope Benedict XVI; Mary and Scripture from the Founder of the Marianists, Blessed William Joseph Chaminade; Mary and Vatican II, Marian Apparitions, and others.  The Marian Library at the University of Dayton houses the largest collection of Marian books and artifacts in the world, and IMRI is one of the two sites of post-graduate studies in Mariology for the STL and STD.  Find out more by visiting  The University of Dayton; The Marian Library, and IMRI are collaborators with the International Satellite Radio Maria Network and Radio Maria Ohio.  Click here for the schedule of future programs planned to date.  Click here for the new audio archive!

This week's programs:

Father Bertrand Buby, S.M., Thursday, September 13, 2:30 PM on Our Lady of Sorrows

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From the Marian Treasure Chest

What Motivated Columbus? by Brother John M. Samaha, S.M.

Why did Columbus want to sail and explore?  What motivated the Italian explorer, celebrated as the discoverer of America, to lead a crew of ninety men across the uncharted Atlantic Ocean more than five centuries ago?  In our times his motivation is being questioned again.  Some have tried to demean his name and character, making Columbus a figure of controversy and raising doubts about his integrity.  Now we are faced with conflicting opinions about his legacy.  What do we know for certain about the religious motivations for his voyages?

In the past Christopher Columbus was an example of the understanding that there is no contradiction in being a Catholic and an American.  For that reason, Father Michael McGivney chose him as the namesake of the Knights of Columbus.

Intrigued by this question and Columbus' motivation, Carol Delaney decided to delve into the background with scholarly aplomb.  A cultural anthropologist and longtime professor at Stanford University, Delaney devoted the entire summer of 2003 to researching Columbus at Brown University.  Two years later she resigned from Stanford to concentrate on this research.  The results of her thorough study have been published in book form: Columbus and the Quest for Jerusalem (Free Press, 2011).

Upon release of her book she discussed some of the highlights of her findings about the purpose of Columbus' voyages.  Thanks to the exacting research of Carol Delaney, we have a truer and fuller appreciation of this genuine hero of history.


Dr. Delaney explains that it is common knowledge that Columbus was hoping to find gold, but his reason was not understood.  Columbus wanted to help finance a crusade to free Jerusalem from the Muslims before the end of the world.  In his time, many thought the apocalypse was imminent because of various signs: the plague, famine, earthquakes, and similar occurrences.  It was a popular belief that before the end of time Jerusalem must be returned to the Christians so that Christ could come in judgment.  Columbus had actually calculated the number of years left before the end of the world.  He considered his plan as a mission.


Columbus was also very interested in evangelization.  He kept extensive notes and wrote many letters, and in these writings indicated that the peoples of the new lands could not be quickly baptized and automatically become Christian.  They needed to be instructed clearly about the faith before being converted.  To this end, he wrote to the pope requesting that priests be sent to the newly discovered peoples for their instruction.  He even left money in his will to be used for this.

Recall that Columbus believed he was sailing to Asia, and he wanted to convince the Grand Khan of China, who had expressed interest in Christianity, to convert.  Columbus thought the Grand Khan might join the crusade to re-take Jerusalem by marching from the east, while the Europeans closed in from the west.  This is quite an interesting concept.


Unfortunately, many do not recognize and understand Columbus' intentions.  The evidence had not been widely studied, nor was it readily accessible.  Scholars had written about Columbus' religious motivations, but their findings were published in arcane journals.

In the nineteenth and early in the twentieth centuries, historians described Columbus as one of the first to use science and reason as an explorer.  But that was not the basis of his motivation.  He was a medieval man in a religious context.  Columbus was closely associated with the Franciscans, who had assisted him and who were noted for their missionary activity.

Respect for Natives

It is a grossly incorrect and unfair assessment on the part of some to say that Columbus was responsible for a variety of atrocities against the native peoples.  Erroneously, especially in the twentieth century, the brunt of all that went wrong was attributed to Columbus.  But the falsehood of such accusations is evident from his own writings and the records of his contemporaries.  Those records show that his relations with the natives were benign and respectful.  He described them as "natural Christians" because they had no other faith and were open to become Christians after proper instruction.

Columbus sternly warned his crew not to maraud, rape, or otherwise abuse the native people.  His writings offer many examples of instruction to this effect.  Most of the times when injustices occurred, he was not even there.  And it is absurd to blame him for diseases communicated to the natives by the Europeans.

Columbus' notes record that many crewmembers did not like the restrictions and rebelled, that they assumed they could have slaves, pick gold from the trees, and need not work.

Columbus never had slaves, nor did he intend to obtain slaves from the lands he visited.  Of course this would never have happened with the Grand Khan and his people in China.  Columbus wanted the natives he met to become subjects of the Spanish sovereigns.

After the second voyage when they had encountered a different group of natives whom they thought were cannibals, Columbus' brother sent some of them to Europe.  At that time in history it was considered morally acceptable to enslave people who acted against human nature because the captors hoped this would help them become good Christians.  While slavery was then common, some mistakenly think Columbus instituted slavery.

Columbus' Writings

Carol Delaney read and studied all the extant writings of Christopher Columbus.  Although his original diary no longer exists, two reliable copies survive.  These were in the possession of Bartolome Las Casas, an admirer of Columbus, and Columbus' son, Ferdinand.  Consistently his writings express respect for the native people and concern for his crew.  Also evident is his devotion to his sons and his care for the women in his life.  While many are unaware that Columbus wrote anything, Dr. Delaney says she liked the tone of his letters and notes, and this advanced her admiration for him.  In addition to his faith, she was also impressed with his patience.

Columbus planned and waited more than ten years before embarking on his first voyage.  When his petitions failed with the Portuguese, he turned to the Spaniards.  The authorities rejected his proposal three time, yet he persisted.  He firmly believed he could do it. Then he exhibited tremendous courage in crossing the ocean in small wooden ships with nothing more than a compass to guide him.

Failure or Success?

Dr. Delaney expressed the opinion that Columbus died thinking that he had not accomplished what he set out to do.  He was disappointed that King Ferdinand did not pursue the crusade, and he realized that some serious crimes had been committed.  From this point of view, he felt his quest was a failure.  But in reality, Delaney declares it was a major accomplishment.  Columbus crossed the ocean four times in small sailing craft and without the benefit of modern navigational instruments.  He discovered the New World, even though he thought he found only the periphery of Asia.

No wonder, then, that in the late nineteenth century Venerable Michael McGivney, founder of the Knights of Columbus, chose the intrepid admiral and evangelizing explorer as model for the fraternal order of Catholic gentlemen.  His admiration is expressed on page one of the May 25, 1878, edition of the Connecticut Catholic: "As American Catholics, we do not know of anyone who more deserves our grateful remembrance than this great and noble man--the pious, zealous, and faithful Catholic--the enterprising navigator, and the large-hearted sailor, Christopher Columbus--'the Christ-bearing dove' as his name signifies."

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Current Exhibit

Moved by the Spirit: Artist Interpretations on the Life of Jesus

The University of Dayton's Marian Library Gallery will feature a group exhibit, curated by Louise Tessier, featuring works from twelve artists working in clay, wood, textiles, paper, glass, painting, jewelry and iconography. Each artist has interpreted an event in the life of Jesus within his or her own artistic style and through his or her own faith experience. The exhibit will run from Tuesday, September 4, through Friday, September 28, in the gallery on the seventh floor of Roesch Library.  Hours are 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. Monday through Friday or through special arrangement by calling 937-229-4214.  Click to see more information or here for a virtual exhibit.

We have a permanent crèche exhibit and a dedicated online giving page specifically for those who wish to support The Marian Library crèche collections.  There is also a general page to give to all areas of ML/IMRI and Roesch Library.

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Web Collaborators

Two important Catholic websites have added The Mary Page to their list of Media Partners. highlights items from The Mary Page in their section on Catholic News. includes a Mariology section on their navbar with articles from The Mary Page.  Please visit these sites in return.  We expect continued collaboration with them in the future.

Radio Maria originated east of Milan, Italy in 1983, and is now heard in fifty-four countries.  The main USA station is in Alexandria, Louisiana with affiliate stations across the USA [including FM 88.7, WHJM,  in Anna, Ohio (north of Dayton) and AM 1600, WULM, in Springfield/Dayton, Ohio.  All USA Radio Maria stations regularly air live Marian talks from UD's Marian Library every Wednesday from 12:00-1:00 pm EST and on Thursday and Friday from 2:30-3:00 pm EST, as well as local programming originating from many other affiliated Radio Maria stations in the USA.

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International Marian Research Institute Course Schedule

IMRI courses for the Fall 2012 semester will commence on October 8, 2012.

The Pontifical Academic Program leading to STL and STD in theology with a specialization in Marian Studies offers courses in three year-round sessions.  See our course offerings for Fall 2012.

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In keeping with the season, we suggest The Most Holy Name of Mary.

Material on international stamps with images of Mary exists on The Mary Page (also available in French). The latest updates were Angola, Chad, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Niger, Rhodesia, and Rwanda.

We have revised and expanded our material in Chinese.  This is a work in progress, so expect more content soon.  Feel free to let us know what you think of this section.

We have posted the Call for Papers for the 2013 annual meeting of the Mariological Society of America (MSA).

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Traveling Exhibit on the Creation and Afterlife of the King James Bible

Title: Manifold Greatness

Date: August 24, 2012 through September 19, 2012

Location: Roesch Library, University of Dayton

Manifold Greatness is a traveling exhibition for libraries organized by the Folger Shakespeare Library, Washington, D.C., and the American Library Association Public Programs Office.  It is based on an exhibition of the same name developed by the Folger Shakespeare Library and the Bodleian Library, University of Oxford, with assistance from the Harry Ransom Center of the University of Texas.  The traveling exhibition was made possible by a major grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities.

UD Libraries is offering free public programming to complement the traveling exhibit.  Click here for more information.  Please contact Katy Kelly,, if you have questions.

The Marian Library is located on the seventh floor of Roesch Library.  Visitors to the Bible exhibit are invited to visit this specialty collection as well.  Two groups of Miami Valley School junior and senior honors students will be visiting the Manifold Greatness exhibit and The Marian Library this week.  Dr. Jason Bourgeois will meet with the groups during their time in The Marian Library.

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Saying Yes to Life--Nineteen Times (Part 1)
Interview on Parenting a Large Catholic Family
Source: Zenit (Chicago, Illinois) January 12, 2009

God the Father subjects to human free will his desire to pour out new life--and the rewards of responding to this desire are countless, says a couple that has parented nineteen children.

James and Kathleen Littleton wrote about their experience of responding to God's creative love in a book about raising their fourteen living children, Better by the Dozen, Plus Two.

The Littletons also spoke with ZENIT about their decision to have such a large family, and why it required separating themselves from prevailing cultural opinions, even perhaps among Catholics....

Q: You propose that the formation of a child starts with prayer while he or she is still in the womb.  But does formation of character begin as early as infancy?  And if so, how?

James: Yes, the formation and sanctification of children begins in the womb and certainly through infancy and beyond.  Jesus is the one who sanctifies.  We merely cooperate with his work.  Consider Luke 1:41, when John leaps in Elizabeth's womb at Mary's greeting--this happens when we bring our babies in the womb and infants to Mass or for a visit to our Eucharistic Lord Jesus, where graces radiate from Christ into the souls of our children and of course into us.

There are many useful practical techniques available via various sources for formation of character at various ages, and we provide some of our ideas and experiences in our book.  But suffice it to say that all techniques are fruitless unless connected to the vine of Jesus Christ.  Here we see the primacy of grace, where in order to form our children in virtue we must first and foremost take them to Mass, as well as the other sacraments, especially the sacrament of penance, and pray with them.

Click here to read the complete article.

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The director and editors of The Mary Page under the auspices of the International Marian Research Institute do not necessarily endorse or agree with the events and ideas expressed in this feature.  Our sole purpose is to report on items about Mary gleaned from a myriad of papers representing the secular press.

A Blessed Life
Source: Campus Report (University of Dayton), September 7, 2012

The much-beloved Brother Frank Deibel, S.M., the nation's oldest vowed religious man, passed away July 30 at Mercy Sienna Gardens just a few weeks short of his 104th birthday and the 86th anniversary of taking vows in the Society of Mary.  The retired University librarian had kept up with more than one-hundred friends by email, walking daily to visit other residents, and to pray at a statue of Mary, the mother of Christ.

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Liturgical Season

Marian Commemoration Days

To celebrate the month of September with Mary:

The Mary Page offers a variety of resources inviting study, reflection and meditation.  We also list important Marian dates for each month of the year.  Please see Marian Commemoration Days for the month of September.

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Prayer Corner

You are invited to help us pray for our Prayer Corner intentions.  Please take a look!  This site has been updated and enhanced and now allows users to submit prayer requests directly or to volunteer as a prayer partner for these intentions!

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The Mary Page website is updated frequently. Please stop in again and see what's in the news.

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This page, maintained by The Marian Library/International Marian Research Institute, Dayton, Ohio 45469-1390, and created by Ann Zlotnik , was last modified Thursday, 09/13/2012 13:15:11 EDT by Michael Duricy . Please send any comments to

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