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We have received a number of emails from readers commending our institute and its website, The Mary Page. Thank you all for your encouragement and support. The following is a typical example.
Doctoral Assistantship toward STD in Mariology
Date: Three years starting in summer 2012
Applications are invited immediately for a postgraduate assistantship in Mariology at the International Marian Research Institute (IMRI), commencing summer semester 2012. This assistantship, which offers a stipend of $17,000 per year as well as tuition remission and benefits, will be awarded on a three-year basis.
IMRI is seeking a graduate with an STL degree in Catholic theology who is interested in obtaining the terminal canonical STD degree with specialization in Marian Studies.
The recipient will be expected to work twenty hours per week for the institute, to complete IMRI courses toward the STD degree, and to possess very good skills in English.
Applications consisting of CV, academic transcripts, two references—one academic, one ecclesial, and a cover letter detailing experience and interests should reach Father François Rossier, S.M., Executive Director, The Marian Library/International Marian Research Institute, University of Dayton, 300 College Park Ave, Dayton, OH 45469-1390 by May 31, 2012.
Father Javier Alson and Father Antonio Larocca will be in Dayton from April 12 through April 30 to investigate the PAMI Conference and to visit with the local Hispanic community.
The Sertoman organization (Service to Man), a humanitarian group, not specifically religious, which assists handicapped children, will host a speaker from The Marian Library during its luncheon meeting on May 2 at the Engineers' Club on May 2, 2012.
Mary in Books, Films, and Music
Translations of Marian Texts
Father James Mercer has been working on English translations of Marian books written by Father Emile Neubert, S.M. Mary and the Christian Family and Your Heavenly Mom have been completed and published. Father Mercer has donated a copy of each book to The Marian Library, and we are grateful for his generosity. Copies of these respective titles may be ordered online from createspace.com/3794622 and createspace.com/3794599. Father James has also also completed the first English translation of St. Robert Bellarmine's Marian writings, and copies may be ordered online at createspace.com/3788756. Mary and the Christian Educator and The Life of Mary should be finished soon. Please pray for the success of these projects. We will keep you informed about the availability of these works.
Father James H. Phalan, CSC, current MSA Vice-President, visited Dayton recently to do research on Mary and Evangelization at The Marian Library. While here, he mentioned that Family Theater has posted a number of religious videos on YouTube. Just type "family theater productions" into their search box, then choose from the many videos available for display, including a short clip on Saint Joseph which could serve as a novena for his feast on May 1.
Radio Maria from The Marian Library
Prayer composed by the late Pope John Paul II for Radio Maria
Mary, direct our choices in life, console us in the hour of trial, so that faithful to God and to us, we can face with humble boldness, the mysterious ways of the heavens to bring to the mind and heart of every person the joyful announcement of Christ, our Redeemer. Mary, Star of Evangelization, walk with us, guide Radio Maria and be its protector.
Francesca Franchina, MS Ed., a long-time member of the Marianist Family, will be doing a series of Marian broadcasts through the local stations for Radio Maria WHJM (FM 88.7) in Anna, Ohio and WULM (AM 1600) in Springfield, Ohio. Called "Francesca and Friends: Why Mary?," the program airs every Wednesday from 12:00 - 1:00 PM EST focusing on what is going on in the world about Mary, how to speak with others about Mary, and Mary in Scripture. CALL IN TOLL-FREE. PARTICIPATE IN THE PROGRAM (during the live show) 1-866-333-6279.
On Wednesday, April 25, 2012, Francesca Franchina speaks with Barbara Trauth, Artist and Marian Sculptor, currently exhibiting at the University of Dayton's Marian Library. Born in Cincinnati, Ohio, Barbara graduated from Edgecliff College with a degree in fine arts and a concentration in sculpting. She worked as an illustrator for Gibson Greeting Cards, Shillito's Department Store, The Cincinnati Post and The Cincinnati Enquire, taught Saturday art classes at the Cincinnati Museum of Art, continued to take painting classes at the Art Academy for seventeen years while raising four children. Learn how she envisions Mary, how she gets her inspirations, what creativity is all about, and how it meshes with Christian Spirituality as she speaks about Our Lady of the Merry Go Round, The Magnificat, The Face of Suffering, suffering and healing through art and sculpting, and experiences of silent and soothing peace. This broadcast is an encore of the program which aired March 28, 2012.
Francesca and Friends with Francesca Franchina, National OSIA Trustee, is now being broadcast throughout the New York City metropolitan area at 11 pm on Friday nights on WSNR 620 AM, as well as on other local Radio Maria USA frequencies, and streaming on radiomaria.us. This is the replay of the program originating on the preceding Wednesday at noon EST. Give a listen every Friday at 11 PM; Mondays at 8:30 PM and LIVE on Wednesdays at noon EST.
The broadcast may also be heard on-line at radiomaria.us The website also provides access to some previous broadcasts. We'll keep you informed about future programs. An encore of each show is broadcast Monday night from 8:30-9:30 pm EST one week after the original.
Fran's series, Through the Tummy to the Heart, (T5H) airs every Tuesday from 5:00-5:45 PM on RADIO MARIA WHJM and also online. The series encores Saturdays from 3:00-3:45 pm. Tune in 88.7 FM (WHJM) in the northern Archdiocese of Cincinnati and on line at radiomaria.us from anywhere in the world. Send email to Francesca with questions, comments, suggestions at firstname.lastname@example.org. Send email while the programs are going on if you cannot get through or if you are listening outside of the USA. CALL IN TOLL-FREE. PARTICIPATE IN THE PROGRAM (during the live show) 1-866-333-6279.
On Tuesday, April 24, 2012, Francesca speaks with Dr. Doug Schoeninger, Ph.D., psychotherapist and past President of the International Association of Christian Therapists (ACT), about the importance of taking responsibility for one's healing: moving from blaming others to owning one's experience and caring for oneself. Francesca and Doug discuss healing attitudes and beliefs: God loves me. I am marvelously made. (Psalm 139); The Holy Spirit lives in me. (Romans 8:26-28); meditation on your own healing (Philippians 4: 6-9); the importance of safety and an attitude of gratitude. Part I (which aired March 27, 2012) dealt with healing and how you can become your own friend and relate to yourself in a way that promotes healing for self and receiving God's healing love.
T5H recipe from Francesca's Sicilian kitchen: Frittelle de Mella (Italian Orange or Apple Fritters)
This week's program and all Francesca's programs are archived on-line.
Living with Mary Today! Live: Thursdays and Fridays 2:30-3:00 PM EST: From the Pontifical International Marian Research Institute (IMRI) at the University of Dayton Marian Library, internationally-known Mariologists Fathers Bertrand Buby, François Rossier, Johann Roten, and Thomas Thompson of the Society of Mary (Marianists), and other IMRI faculty; Michael Duricy, Jean Frisk, and others will discuss Marian themes such as The Blessed Mother and Ecumenism; Mary and The Family; Mary and Suffering, Marian Teachings and Writings of Pope John Paul II, Pope Benedict XVI; Mary and Scripture from the Founder of the Marianists, Blessed William Joseph Chaminade; Mary and Vatican II, Marian Apparitions, and others. The Marian Library at the University of Dayton houses the largest collection of Marian books and artifacts in the world, and IMRI is one of the two sites of post-graduate studies in Mariology for the STL and STD. Find out more by visiting marypage.org. The University of Dayton; The Marian Library, and IMRI are collaborators with the International Satellite Radio Maria Network and Radio Maria Ohio. Click here for the schedule of future programs planned to date. Click here for the new audio archive!
This week's programs:
Michael Duricy, Thursday, April 26, 2:30 PM on the Mariological Society of America
Father François Rossier, S.M., Friday, April 27, 2:30 PM on Our Lady of the Cenacle
From the Marian Treasure Chest
Neubert's Principle of Analogy for Mariology by Brother John M. Samaha, S.M.
Theological science is indebted to Father Emile Neubert (1), a Marianist renowned for his Mariological studies and writings, because he formulated the principle of analogy for Marian studies while popularizing many important Marian doctrines.
This essay is an exploration of his principle of analogy for Mariology.
Situating the question
"All generations will call me blessed, because he who is mighty has done great things for me," proclaimed the Blessed Virgin Mary when her cousin Elizabeth greeted her as "the mother of my Lord." (2)
In the Gospel itself we find only two of these "great things" clearly mentioned: her perpetual virginity and her divine maternity. But the faith and love of the Church attribute to Mary many other "great things," among them her Immaculate Conception, her Assumption, her perfect sinlessness, her spiritual maternity, her apostolic mission of Coredemptrix and Mediatrix, and more. The faithful are as convinced of the certitude of all these as they are of the first two explicitly recorded in the Gospel. The challenge is to see how the latter truths are contained in divine revelation.
Before leaving his disciples, Jesus Christ promised them the help of the Holy Spirit to fulfill their mandate to evangelize. "I still have many things to say to you, but you cannot bear them now. When the Spirit of truth comes, he will guide you in all the truth. For he will speak ... whatever he hears, and he will declare to you the things that are to come. He will glorify me, because he will take what it mine and declare it to you." (3) On Pentecost the Holy Spirit revealed to the Apostles the most immediately important things our Lord had tried to make plain to them: the mystery of the Passion and Resurrection, the nature of the Redemption and its extension to the entire world. Other mysteries the Spirit would reveal to the Church as the need arose, because He remains with the Church to enlighten and guide her until the end of time. And regarding the glories of Mary not explicitly mentioned in Holy Scripture, He does this quite remarkably.
How does the Holy Spirit guide the Church to a clear understanding of the "new things" concerning the Mother of Jesus that the Church attributes to her as time unfolds? (4)
The response evolves
Is this the result of the speculation of theologians? No. History demonstrates that the faithful, simple Christians and their pastors, have professed each one of these Mariological truths long before they were analyzed by theologians. Indeed, in some instances theologians rejected these beliefs and admitted them only gradually at the compulsion of the faithful. This was the case regarding belief in the total absence of actual sin in Mary, in her Immaculate Conception, and in her Assumption. The infallible assistance of the Holy Spirit is guaranteed to the faithful as a whole, not to a group of scholars even though there be saints among them.
How have the faithful discovered the various privileges of the Virgin Mary? Have they reasoned better than the theologians? They have not reasoned at all. They have contemplated.
St. Thomas Aquinas speaks of a double manner of judging: "by reasoning and by a certain 'connaturality' (conformity of nature) with the things to be judged." (5) St. Thomas calls this connaturality an inclination, a sympathy.
It is important to see a thing "at a single glance" and not "progressively through reasoning." By contemplating a vital truth, wholly and lovingly, a kind of instinct is acquired to see with almost infallible certitude what is conformable or contrary to this truth. So far as supernatural truths are concerned, the Holy Spirit, by the gifts of intelligence and wisdom, singularly perfects this intuitive faculty, especially in humble and loving souls.
What is the vital reality which, when contemplated in its totality, has given the faithful the power to discern gradually the various privileges of Mary which the Gospels do not indicate explicitly? It is the ensemble of facts which Scripture gives us concerning Jesus and Mary and their relations with each other.
Christians know that the Son of God willed to be born of Mary in order to save us. He is her Son. She is His Mother. She is the true Mother of the Son of God Incarnate. She formed Him of her substance, carried Him in her womb, brought Him forth into the world, swaddled Him, nursed Him, covered Him with kisses, protected Him, and reared Him.
She is more a mother than any other mother because she alone conceived Him without the cooperation of a man. And Jesus is more truly her child than is the child of any other mother, because to her alone He owes His whole human nature.
Jesus behaved toward his Mother as would any other child. He allowed Himself to be nourished, clothed, and carried by her. He has been submissive to her, but above all He has loved her.
Who does not know from experience the love of a child for his mother? It is the first, the most sincere, the strongest, the most universal of all loves, even in persons less refined.
The faithful see intuitively with what love such a Child must have loved His Mother: as God, with an infinite love; as man, with an inconceivable love.
In this realm Neubert echoes and develops the Christocentric and Marian spirituality of Blessed William Joseph Chaminade.
But to love is to give. If He loved her so much, He must have given her all that He could give her, all that she was capable of receiving.
What did Jesus give His Mother? To strangers we generally give things we treasure less. But this is not so for those whom we love. "What properly constitutes love," says St. Ignatius of Loyola, "is the reciprocal communication between the lovers of their possessions, of their influence, of their works, knowledge, riches, honor, of all they possess." Christians believe that Jesus must have shared his own graces and privileges with His Mother, especially because He Himself created her. He did not choose His Mother from among the daughters of Eve. He created Mary expressly to be His Mother and made her exactly as He wished her to be. Jesus' love was not just any love, but the love of a son. Nature itself--and therefore the Son of God, the Author of nature--wishes that every child resemble its mother not only physically but spiritually as well.
What could be more evident, then, than the fact that Jesus, perfect Child of Mary, shared all His supernatural riches with His Mother in the measure in which she was capable of receiving them?
Jesus' filial love, the disposition of the infinitely loving Son of Mary, alone suffices for the faithful to understand that He would have His Mother participate in all His prerogatives. Christians find in Scripture, alongside the fundamental truth of the Incarnation, certain statements to confirm this understanding. "Hail, full of grace." "And why has this happened to me, that the mother of my Lord comes to me?" "Blessed are you among women." "From now on all generations will call me blessed; for the Mighty One has done great things for me." (6)
Recall, too, some important events recorded in the Gospels: Mary's miraculous and fruitful virginity, the miracle by Jesus at Cana at the request of Mary, the thoughtful attention of the dying Jesus in confiding his Mother to the Beloved Disciple, the association of Mary with the sufferings and the redemptive work of her Son both in the prophecy of Simeon and at Calvary. (7)
Sharing the redemptive mission
By the Scriptures cited, Christians know that Jesus, an infinitely loving Son, wished to do for His Mother all that He could do for her. He shared His privileges with her in the measure in which a woman, mere creature, was capable of possessing them. This understanding becomes conviction and guides the faithful when there is question of attributing to Mary prerogatives not explicitly indicated in Holy Scripture.
In proportion as the faithful turned more often to the Mother of God, both as a result of their growing devotion to her, and as an effect of the development of other truths related to Marian doctrine, as well as through the work of theology and its defenses against heresy, this conviction became progressively stronger. Consequently clearer and more numerous resemblances between Christ and His Mother appeared. Taken together these splendors constitute an impressive whole. Suffice it to glance at the most important ones: the predestination of Christ and that of Mary before all others, decreed at the same time; the Immaculate Conception of Christ and of Mary; the absence of sin, of imperfection, and of concupiscence in both of them; both full of grace; Christ, the Redeemer, and Mary, the Coredemptrix--or as the Fathers stated, Christ, the New Adam, and Mary, the New Eve; Christ merited for us all graces in strict justice, Mary merited them congruously; Christ is the advocate before the Father, and Mary before Christ; all graces come to us through the Christ-Man and through Mary; Christ is our High Priest, Mary is associated in His priestly oblation; Christ is King, and Mary, Queen; Christ and Mary glorified in heaven both in body and in soul.
In its liturgical worship and devotions the Church recognizes this close relation between Jesus and Mary. Consider the related feasts, First Friday and First Saturday devotions, various acts of consecration and entrustment, and others.
The Church realizes that the similarity between the privileges of Christ and those of His Mother is in no way identity. Christ has His prerogatives by His very nature as God Incarnate. Mary receives hers only by a free gift of God. "He who is mighty has done great things for me." Furthermore, there is a difference in their mode and in their perfection.
The Christian knows that Mary is a creature only, dependent on Christ for everything. She is a woman and a mother, and her grace is adapted to her own nature and to her special function. Christ exists for God. Mary exists for Christ. God made Christ our unique Redeemer. Mary can exercise her role as Coredemptrix only through union with Christ, and she herself had to be redeemed by Him. Christ is our necessary advocate with the Father. Mary is our advocate with Christ and through Christ. So it is with all the privileges of the Blessed Virgin Mary.
Naturally this analogy between the prerogatives of Jesus and those of Mary, the work of the filial piety of the Son of God for His Mother, sensed from earliest times and known clearly enough to guide the judgment of the faithful with astonishing sureness amid contradictory opinions, was not formulated from the very beginning. But it was formulated quite early. In the eighth century St. John of Damascus affirmed it in regard to the Assumption: "It was necessary that the Mother should have entered into the possession of all the goods of her Son, and that she should have been venerated by all creation as the Mother and Handmaid of God. It is a customary practice that the wealth of the parents pass to their children. But here ... the springs of the sacred waters flow toward the height: the Son has submitted the entire creation to the dominion of His Mother." (8) St. Louis de Montfort reiterated this truth already long recognized when he wrote: "All that is proper to God Incarnate by nature is proper to Mary by grace." (9)
Principle of Analogy for Mariology
To give this truth theological exactness, Father Neubert expressed the principle in this formula: To the various privileges of the humanity of Jesus there correspond analogous privileges in Mary, in the manner and in the degree required by the difference between her condition and that of her Son. (10)
Unlike theological rules formulated in earlier times, the rule of analogies is more precise and fruitful, enabling the discovery of new Marian truths implicitly contained in Scripture and known by us today. It is more comprehensive in considering Mary as the associate of Christ in His mission. The rule of analogies between Jesus and Mary applies to their functions as well as to their other prerogatives.
But the principle of analogies is not the only light which guides the faithful in the discovery of Marian privileges. It is assisted by certain related truths furnished by Scripture or by the common teaching of Christian doctrine, that is, by the common belief of the faithful and the ordinary magisterium of the Church. These provide the criteria for the correctness and infallibility of Marian doctrines.
It is important to remember that the deposit of revelation is not an assembly of abstract propositions to be jealously guarded, but teachings which are "spirit and life." The more loudly these are proclaimed and acclaimed, the better they nourish the devotion of the faithful.
Thus Christ's prophecy in His farewell discourse is realized. "The Holy Spirit will receive what is mine, and will declare it to you." (11)
May the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit
(1) Emile Nicholas Neubert (1878-1967) was born and died in France. He professed vows in the Society of Mary (Marianists) in 1895. Ordained a priest in 1906, he completed a doctorate in theology at Fribourg, Switzerland, in 1907, and his doctoral dissertation in patristics was published at Paris in 1908 under the title Marie dans l'Eglise Anteniceenne. This was the first thesis about Mary in patrology to be presented to a Catholic faculty of theology. It launched the career of one of the Mariologists most responsible for developments in this branch of theology during the first half of the twentieth century. In addition he was one of the chief developers of the spiritual and apostolic legacy of Blessed William Joseph Chaminade, founder of the Society of Mary. Father Neubert served as a teacher, a spiritual director, and a director of formation in France, the USA, and Switzerland. He is the author of numerous books and articles, many of which have been translated from the original French into English and other languages.
(2) Lk 1:43, 48-49
(3) Jn 16: 12-14
(4) Mt 13:52
(5) ST, II-II, q. 45, a: 2,c
(6) Lk 1:28, 43, 42, 48
(7) Lk 2:35; Jn 19:25-27
(8) P.C. 96, col. 741
(9) True Devotion to Mary, no. 74
(10) This formulation was published for the first time in the first edition of Marie dans le Dogme, Paris, 1933. Theologians have since used this principle and recognized its productive value.
(11) Jn 16:15, 13)
Last Chance to See Current Exhibit!
Between Heaven and Earth: Small Sculptures of Our Lady
The University of Dayton's Marian Library gallery will feature an exhibit of sculptures by Cincinnati artist, Barbara Trauth, from Wednesday, Feb. 1, through Sunday, April 15, on the seventh floor of Roesch Library. This exhibit is free and open to the public. Hours are 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. Monday through Friday and Saturday and Sunday by appointment by calling 937-229-4214. Click here for more information or here for a virtual exhibit.
Two important Catholic websites have added The Mary Page to their list of Media Partners. CatholicWeb.com highlights items from The Mary Page in their section on Catholic News. Catholic.net includes a Mariology section on their navbar with articles from The Mary Page. Please visit these sites in return. We expect continued collaboration with them in the future.
Radio Maria originated east of Milan, Italy in 1983, and is now heard in fifty-four countries. The main USA station is in Alexandria, Louisiana with affiliate stations across the USA [including FM 88.7, WHJM, in Anna, Ohio (north of Dayton) and AM 1600, WULM, in Springfield/Dayton, Ohio. All USA Radio Maria stations regularly air live Marian talks from UD's Marian Library every Wednesday from 12:00-1:00 pm EST and on Thursday and Friday from 2:30-3:00 pm EST, as well as local programming originating from many other affiliated Radio Maria stations in the USA.
International Marian Research Institute Course Schedule
IMRI courses for the Spring 2012 semester concluded on March 9, 2012.
The Pontifical Academic Program leading to STL and STD in theology with a specialization in Marian Studies offers courses in three year-round sessions. See our course offerings through Summer 2012.
In keeping with the season, we suggest Litany of Work in honor of Saint Joseph, the Worker.
Material on international stamps with images of Mary exists on The Mary Page (also available in French). The latest updates were Ascension, Benin, Burkina-Faso, Central African Republic, Ivory Coast, Macedonia, Russia, Serbia, The Vatican, and Yugoslavia.
We have revised and expanded our material in Chinese. This is a work in progress, so expect more content soon. Feel free to let us know what you think of this section.
We have posted the 2011 Marian Bibliography. We have also posted the Program for the Twenty-Third International Marian and Mariological Congress to be held in Rome next September, and the Program for the 2012 annual meeting of the Mariological Society of America (MSA).
Images of Mary in Art
Title: The Many Faces of Mary
Date: April 27 - June 8, 2012
Location: Maria Stein Shrine of the Holy Relics 2291 St. John's Rd, Maria Stein, OH 45860
Images of Mary from around the world--Classical artwork from The Marian Library at the University of Dayton
Click here for details [requires Adobe Acrobat Reader] or call 419-925-4532.
Walking the Seven Major Basilicas of Rome
As the world begins its entry into the Easter Triduum, a group of English-speaking pilgrims prepared themselves for the Paschal Mystery with a day-long pilgrimage to each of the seven major basilicas of Rome, a tradition first realized in the sixteenth century by St. Philip Neri.
Organized by the Pontifical North American College (PNAC), the eleven-hour pilgrimage began at 7 this morning with Mass at the Basilica of St. Mary Major, the station church of today and the final one in which the priests and seminarians will participate. Since the beginning of Lent, the PNAC had organized a daily station church pilgrimage (except on Sundays), a tradition which began in the early Church when the bishop of Rome would make pastoral visits to the parishes in the city....
There's a joy also in the suffering, he goes on to say, speaking of the many kilometers of walking entailed in the seven churches pilgrimage. We can really be joyful in suffering. What has helped me along the way is that we stop at each of these churches and pray, and really seek the Lord's help, the blessed Virgin Mary's help, and the help of the saints at each of them....
Click here to read the complete article.
The director and editors of The Mary Page under the auspices of the International Marian Research Institute do not necessarily endorse or agree with the events and ideas expressed in this feature. Our sole purpose is to report on items about Mary gleaned from a myriad of papers representing the secular press.
Galilee College Offers Message of Hope for Holiday Season--Christians, Jews, Muslims Combine Higher Education/Peace Training
Source: Press Release (Nazareth Academic Institute), December 22, 2011
Many people remember Nazareth as the hometown of Jesus Christ--Messiah, prophet, or social activist--depending on one's religious tradition, but certainly a fixture of this holiday season. These days, however, the city is also developing a reputation for educational innovation, according to Wheaton, IL resident, Susan Drinan, the American Chairman of Nazareth Academic Institute's (NAI) International Board of Trustees. "It is turning a history of limited opportunities into a new model of higher education in Israel--education for peace," she said....
Marian Commemoration Days
To celebrate the month of April with Mary:
The Mary Page offers a variety of resources inviting study, reflection and meditation. We also list important Marian dates for each month of the year. Please see Marian Commemoration Days for the month of April.
You are invited to help us pray for our Prayer Corner intentions. Please take a look! This site has been updated and enhanced and now allows users to submit prayer requests directly or to volunteer as a prayer partner for these intentions!
The Mary Page website is updated frequently. Please stop in again and see what's in the news.
This page, maintained by The Marian Library/International Marian Research Institute, Dayton, Ohio 45469-1390, and created by Ann Zlotnik , was last modified Friday, 04/27/2012 11:30:31 EDT by Michael Duricy . Please send any comments to email@example.com.