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4/19/11

The Mary Page News items give insight into our interest areas, our outreach, and the many ways people honor Our Lady.
We welcome your input and your comments.

 

We have received a number of emails from readers commending our website, The Mary Page.  Thank you all for your encouragement and support.  The following is a typical example.

Your website of Marian prayers continues to be a blessing for me.  I bookmarked many of the prayers on my smart phone so I have them wherever I go!  Now, it's easy to stop and say a beloved prayer to the Blessed Mother when I have a moment or two during my work day.  I even have an audible reminder to say the Angelus at noon, just like the bells used to call everyone to the midday prayer so long ago!  Who said that modern technology is taking us away from God?  My phone has become my pocket prayer book with unlimited contents to every prayer right at my fingertips.  Not even my much-loved Missal (1963) has that many prayers!  Thank you for your help. Blessings!

Merrye


Mary in Books, Films, and Music

Still More Marian Hymns Available

If you are interested in seeing many traditional Marian hymns that may not have been listed so far in About Mary/Marian Hymns, try this.  Go to the website thecatholichymnal.com and scroll down to "Hymns to Mary," where you will see a list of more than sixty hymns given in the book.  It is possible to see there both texts and music for these hymns.

Note that information is given there concerning copying and using this music. The collection of Marian hymns can be purchased or hymns copied without any necessary payment, since they are all in public domain. Yes, understandably, the information does say that donations are accepted.

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Radio Maria from the Marian Library

Francesca Franchina, MS Ed., a long-time member of the Marianist Family, will be doing a series of Marian broadcasts through the local stations for Radio Maria WHJM (FM 88.7) in Anna, Ohio and WULM (AM 1600) in Springfield, Ohio.  Called "Francesca and Friends: Why Mary?," the program airs every Wednesday from 12:00 - 1:00 PM EST focusing on what is going on in the world about Mary, how to speak with others about Mary, and Mary in Scripture.

On Wednesday, April 20, 2011, Francesca Franchina and Jack Davis discuss Part Five of their series, Women of Faith: Great Women Religious and the Sacred Heart of Jesus, His Love and Passion for Humanity, which focuses on holy women religious of various Orders who were favored by the Sacred Heart of Jesus appearing to them and experiencing locutions to bring them His graced lessons relating His great love and mercy for humanity which they accepted to share in His Passion.  This week, St. Faustina's Diary of Divine Mercy, how Jesus came to her telling of His great mercy, His Passion and love of humanity, and how we can share in His great Passion and love today through our intercessions, reparatory prayer, and sacrifices.  The Divine Mercy Novena begins on Good Friday and culminates in the celebration of Mercy Sunday, the Sunday following Easter Sunday.  It carries great promises of Our Jesus of Mercy for forgiveness of all sin with Confession and Holy Communion as given in the Mercy Devotion.

Francesca and Friends with Francesca Franchina, National OSIA Trustee, is now being broadcast throughout the New York City metropolitan area at 11 pm on Friday nights on WSNR 620 AM, as well as on other local  Radio Maria USA frequencies,  and streaming on radiomaria.us.  This is the replay of the program originating on the preceding Wednesday at noon EST.  Give a listen every Friday at 11 PM; Mondays at 8:30 PM and LIVE on Wednesdays at noon EST.

The broadcast may also be heard on-line at radiomaria.us  The website also provides access to some previous broadcasts.  We'll keep you informed about future programs.  An encore of each show is broadcast Monday night from 8:30-9:30 pm EST one week after the original.

Fran's series, Through the Tummy to the Heart, (T5H) airs every Tuesday from 5:00-5:45 PM on RADIO MARIA WHJM and also online. The series encores Saturdays from 3:00-3:45 pm.  Tune in 88.7 FM (WHJM) in the northern Archdiocese of Cincinnati and on line at radiomaria.us from anywhere in the world. Send email to Francesca with questions, comments, suggestions at fran@866333mary.com. Send email while the programs are going on if you cannot get through or if you are listening outside of the USA. CALL IN TOLL-FREE; PARTICIPATE IN THE PROGRAM (during the live show); 1-866-333-6279.

On Tuesday, April 19, Francesca discusses Holy Week, the Triduum, the Death and Resurrection of our Lord Jesus Christ and sharing in the Passion of Jesus in the writings of Sister Josefa Menendez (The Way of Divine Love) and St. Faustina (The Diary of St. M. Faustina Kowalska: Divine Mercy in My Soul), and the Mercy Novena beginning Good Friday until Mercy Sunday.

Francesca Francesca shares her family's Easter traditions, customs and foods: Pizza Rustica/Ripieno and Easter Ricotta Rice Pie.  Send a SASE to Francesca at P. O. Box 3238, Dayton, OH 45401 for recipes like Easter Ricotta Pie.

This program and all Francesca's programs are archived on-line.

The third Tuesday of each month will highlight a different ethnic culture, featuring their faith histories, cultures and traditions: March-Ireland; April-Poland.

Living with Mary Today! Live: Thursdays and Fridays 2:30-3:00 PM EST: From the Pontifical International Marian Research Institute (IMRI) at the University of Dayton Marian Library, internationally-known Mariologists Fathers Bertrand Buby, Francois Rossier, Johann Roten, and Thomas Thompson of the Society of Mary (Marianists), and other IMRI faculty; Michael Duricy, Jean Frisk, Danielle Peters, and others will discuss Marian themes such as The Blessed Mother and Ecumenism; Mary and The Family; Mary and Suffering, Marian Teachings and Writings of Pope John Paul II, Pope Benedict XVI; Mary and Scripture from the Founder of the Marianists, Blessed William Joseph Chaminade; Mary and Vatican II, Marian Apparitions, and others.  The Marian Library at the University of Dayton houses the largest collection of Marian books and artifacts in the world, and IMRI is the site of post-graduate studies in Mariology for the STL and STD. Find out more by visiting marypage.org.  The University of Dayton; The Marian Library, and IMRI are collaborators with the International Satellite Radio Maria Network and Radio Maria Ohio.  Click here for the tentative schedule of future programs planned to date.  Click here for the new audio archive!

This week's program:

Father Johann G. Roten, S.M., Thursday, April 21, 2:30 PM on Mary and the Eucharist

Father Johann G. Roten, S.M., Friday, April 22, 2:30 PM on Our Lady of Sorrows

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From the Marian Treasure Chest

Determining the Date of Easter (by Brother John M. Samaha, S.M.)

People often puzzle over the different dates on which Easter is celebrated.  The different dates are determined by the different calendars used for reckoning Easter.

Biblical Background

In the Old Testament, the Jews celebrated the feast of Passover, or Pasch, in remembrance of their deliverance from Egypt.  The Book of Exodus, chapter 12, tells the story.

Thereafter the celebration of Passover was begun on the fourteenth day of Nisan (Abib), the Paschal full moon following the spring equinox (Leviticus 23:5-8; Deuteronomy 16:1-8).  Spring equinox is when day and night are equal.

The Jewish calendar, however, since it was a lunar calendar consisting of twelve or thirteen months per year, caused difficulties in determining the day of the spring equinox.  Consequently, Passover celebrations would begin on the full moon of either March or April of the Julian calendar.

The Gospel of St. John explicitly states that the death of Jesus coincided with the Paschal celebrations of the Jewish people (John 13:1; 19:31).

Early Christian History

The Christians in Asia Minor, Caesarea, Syria, and Mesopotamia observed Easter on the first day of the Jewish Passover. But the Christians in Rome and Egypt celebrated Easter on the Sunday after the Jewish Passover.

Pope St. Anicetus (155-166) supported the celebration of Easter on the Sunday after the Jewish Pasch.  Pope St. Victor (189-198) upheld this practice.  Controversy ensued, and Pope St. Sylvester I resolved the matter at the first ecumenical council at Nicaea, Asia Minor, in 325.  The general council decreed that Easter be celebrated on the first Sunday following the Paschal full moon after the spring equinox.

The Julian Calendar

From that time for 1,247 years Easter was celebrated on the same Sunday in the entire Christian Church--East and West. According to the Julian calendar, March 21 was considered the day of the spring equinox in the Roman Empire. Eventually the inaccuracies of the Julian calendar witnessed Christians in the sixteenth century celebrating Easter on different Sundays.

In 46 B.C. Julius Caesar had originated the Julian calendar.  The astronomers of his time calculated the solar year to have 365 days and six hours.  Every fourth year became a leap year with 366 days.  This was remarkably close, but each year was too long by eleven minutes and fourteen seconds.  This small difference accumulated to one day in 128 years.  In addition, the astronomers figured that the moon cycle of nineteen years was exact, that is, that the full moon returned to the identical day and hour after nineteen years.  However, the cycle was too long by one hour and twenty-nine minutes.  This difference amounted to one day in 308 years.  By the sixteenth century astronomers were alarmed that the Julian calendar was out of congruence with the seasons of the years by ten days, and with the cycles of the moon by four days.

The Gregorian Calendar

In 1582 Pope Gregory XIII asked the leading astronomers to correct these inaccuracies, and he proclaimed some changes in the Julian calendar.  Regarding the solar year, ten days were dropped from the calendar, and that year October 5 became October 15.  In the future, three leap years would be omitted every four hundred years.  To rectify the moon cycle, the calendar full moon was drawn back four days.  In the future, the calendar full moons were to be drawn back one day eight times in twenty-five centuries.  With these reforms the Julian calendar was brought very close to the astronomical solar year and the astronomical moon cycle.  The Gregorian calendar took its name from Pope Gregory XIII, who proclaimed it to the world.

The Catholic countries of Europe quickly accepted the new Gregorian calendar: Italy, France, Poland, Spain, and Portugal.  The Protestant countries--Germany, England (including North America), Denmark, Sweden, Norway--adopted it about 200 years later.  The non-Christian countries of Japan, China, Siam (Thailand), Turkey, Egypt, etc., accepted it about 350 years later.  The Orthodox countries--Greece, Bulgaria, Russia, Ukraine, and the patriarchates of Constantinople, Antioch, and Alexandria--adopted it in the twentieth century in civil and historic matters only.  They still observe religious feasts (Christmas, Easter, Pentecost, etc.) according to the Julian calendar.  This divergence can place the celebrations of Easter as much as five weeks apart.

In determining the date of Easter, the discrepancy between the Julian and Gregorian calendars grows each year.

Conclusion

Easter was very early in 2008 on March 23. Actually it can be one day earlier, March 22; but that rarely happens.  That was the earliest Easter we will experience in our lifetime.

The next time Easter will be this early, March 23, will be in 2228.  The last time it was this early was 1913.

The next time Easter falls on March 22, will be in 2285.  The last time it was celebrated on March 22 was in 1818.

But what is really important is that Christ is risen!  He is truly risen!

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New Exhibit!

Drawn on Copper: The Year in the Company of Mary and the Saints

The Marian Library Gallery is featuring works on copper by Rosemary Scott-Fishburn related to Mary and the Saints.  The exhibit will run from April 25 - June 17 on the seventh floor of Roesch Library.  Hours are 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. Monday through Friday and Saturday and Sunday by appointment.  Call 937-229-4214.  Click here for a virtual exhibit.

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Web Collaborators

Two important Catholic websites have added The Mary Page to their list of Media Partners.  CatholicWeb.com highlights items from The Mary Page in their section on Catholic News. Catholic.net includes a Mary Channel on their navbar with articles from The Mary Page. Please visit these sites in return.  We expect continued collaboration with them in the future.

Radio Maria originated east of Milan, Italy in 1983, and is now heard in fifty-four countries.  The main USA station is in Alexandria, Louisiana with affiliate stations across the USA [including FM 88.7, WHJM,  in Anna, Ohio (north of Dayton) and AM 1600, WULM, in Springfield/Dayton, Ohio.  All USA Radio Maria stations regularly air live Marian talks from UD's Marian Library every Wednesday from 12:00-1:00 pm EST and on Thursday and Friday from 2:30-3:00 pm EST, as well as local programming originating from many other affiliated Radio Maria stations in the USA.

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International Marian Research Institute Course Schedule

IMRI courses for the Summer 2011 semester will commence on June 6, 2011.

The Pontifical Academic Program leading to STL and STD in theology with a specialization in Marian Studies offers courses in three year-round sessions.  See course offerings for Summer 2011.

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In keeping with the season, we recommend Passion Poetry, Passion Plays, The Passion on Stamps, and Our Lady of Silence.

We have revised and expanded our material in German and Chinese.  These are works in progress, so expect more content soon.  Feel free to let us know what you think of these sections.

Material on international stamps with images of Mary exists on The Mary Page.  The latest updates were: Great Britain and Venezuela.

We have also posted a new article, Mary's Role in Catholic Social Teaching.

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Auxiliary Bishop Named for Detroit
Source: Zenit (Detroit, Michigan) April 18, 2011

Benedict XVI named Father Jose Arturo Cepeda of the clergy of the Archdiocese of San Antonio, Texas, as auxiliary bishop of the archdiocese of Detroit, Michigan.

The bishop-designate was born in 1969 in San Luis de Potosi, Mexico, and was ordained to the priesthood in 1996 for the Archdiocese of San Antonio.  Upon his ordination, he will become the youngest bishop in the United States.

Archbishop Allen Vigneron of Detroit called the bishop-designate a "true son of Our Lady of Guadalupe."

Click here to read the complete article.

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The director and editors of The Mary Page under the auspices of the International Marian Research Institute do not necessarily endorse or agree with the events and ideas expressed in this feature. Our sole purpose is to report on items about Mary gleaned from a myriad of papers representing the secular press.

Mary's Miracle Mountain Home
Source: Weekend Australian April 15, 2011

Catholics believe the Virgin Mary was taken, body and soul, to heaven and as I gaze up from the mountain slope where she was said to have spent her last years, it seems the perfect spot for the lift-off.

Thousands throng around me in this peaceful patch of ground lined with fruiting olive trees and red pines.  It's a brilliant sunny morning on the outskirts of Ephesus, the ancient Turkish resort on the Aegean.  To my right in a half circle looms the awesome, mighty Aladag mountain range.  In between, a patch of almost cloudless blue sky.

A twisting road leads to the little domed chapel, a reconstruction in stone of Mary's house, built for her, it is said, by the Apostle John who was entrusted with her care at the crucifixion.

Thousands of chattering pilgrims and non-pilgrims from across the world line up to spend a minute or two in the chapel, ushered in by a Franciscan nun in a blue habit.  We're on a Holland America Line Prinsendam shore excursion, time is tight and I doubt we'll make it but, remarkably, the flow is good.

Inside, the chattering is replaced by silence and a profound sense of serenity.  There's little to see: an unadorned altar and a tall, simple, bronze figure of Mary.  A few pilgrims kneel in prayer....

John wrote his gospel to the Ephesians in Ephesus and remained there until his death, a basilica marking his tomb.  He was succeeded in Ephesus by Paul.  In 431, the third Ecumenical Council in Ephesus dedicated the world's first church to Mary in the city.  While the Vatican hasn't taken an official position on the authenticity of Mary's house, Pope Pius XII initially declared it a holy place and John XXIII made the declaration permanent.

John Paul II visited the house in 1979 and Benedict XVI in 2006, treating it as a shrine.

Our Muslim guide tells us Islamic Turkey also regards Mary's house as a holy place since she was the mother of a prophet.  He also tells us his name is Umit, which means hope.

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Prayer Corner Requests

You are invited to help us pray for our Prayer Corner intentions.  Please take a look!  This site has been updated and enhanced and now allows users to directly submit prayer requests or to volunteer as a prayer partner for these intentions!

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Liturgical Season

Marian Commemoration Days

To celebrate the month of April with Mary:

The Mary Page offers a variety of resources inviting study, reflection and meditation.  We also list important Marian dates for each month of the year.  Please see Marian Commemoration Days for the month of April.

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Marian Events

MSA Annual Meeting

Title: The Virgin Mary in the United States and Canada

Date: May 17-20, 2011

Location: Franciscan Renewal Center (Scottsdale, Arizona)

The Mariological Society of America (MSA) holds an annual three-day meeting. The place of the meeting, themes and speakers are determined by the Administrative Council. Suggestions for future annual meetings are appreciated. Particularly welcome are offers from groups who wish to host an annual meeting. Anyone may attend the sessions of the annual meetings. The annual meeting usually includes a presidential address, five or or six presentations; and a survey of recent Marian publications, focusing primarily on books and articles in English, but including recent writings on Mary in other languages as well. The proceedings of the annual meeting are published in Marian Studies. All members receive a copy and subscriptions are also available.

Click here to see the program in PDF format [requires Adobe Acrobat Reader] for this year's meeting.

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The Mary Page web site is updated frequently. Please stop in again and see What's New.

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This page, maintained by The Marian Library/International Marian Research Institute, Dayton, Ohio 45469-1390, and created by Kris Sommers , was last modified Wednesday, 04/20/2011 12:18:36 EDT by Michael Duricy . Please send any comments to jroten1@udayton.edu.