News from the
Marian Library
Mary in the
Secular Press


Mary Page News items give insight into our interest areas, our outreach, and the many ways people honor Our Lady. We welcome your input and your comments.


Liturgical Season

To celebrate the month of May with Mary:

Marian Commemoration Days

Mary Page offers a variety of resources inviting study, reflection and meditation.  We also list important Marian dates for each month of the year.  Please see Marian Commemoration Days for the month of May.

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New Resources

A section on international stamps with images of Mary has been added to our About Mary page.  The latest addition was Meditating on the Passion of Our Lord With Stamps.  Expect more countries to follow.

We have updated The Marian Thoughts of Benedict XVI.  We have also posted material on Marian Coronation.

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  News from the Marian Library

We have received a number of emails from readers commending our Mary Page web site.  Thank you all for your encouragement and support.  The following comment is a typical example:

I've long heard of the excellent collection you have there at your library and know it to be a respected resource.

C. G.

Current Exhibit

UD’s Marian Library presents The Passion in Wood and Straw from April 1 - May 12, 2006.

Crosses carved from wood in the Lithuanian folk art tradition and images of Christ "painted" with appliquéd straw in Polish folk art style are on exhibit through May 12 in the Marian Library Gallery on the University of Dayton campus.

Traditional Lithuanian designs and symbols are incorporated in the crosses crafted by Daytonian George Mikalauskas, who has been working with wood for more than 50 years. His early crosses were created for wayside shrines, many of them in Lithuania.

Now his crosses represent themes of hope, love, peace and forgiveness. Two of them recall his visits to the cities of Neringa and Palenga on the Baltic Sea.

Mikalauskas’ crosses of oak, walnut, butternut, cherry, coffee wood and linden wood are intended for home use and some of them will be available for purchase.

Pieces of straw and a razor blade take the place of paint and brush in the hands of Marian Paskowicz, of Norristown, Pennsylvania, who began creating straw art at the age of sixteen. Using paintings of famous artists as his guides, Paskowicz has created scenes of the Crucifixion, the Flagellation of Christ and the Pieta in addition to images of the Madonna and Child.

"Many persons in Poland do straw painting," says the artist, who came to this country in 1960, "but in the U.S. it is rare only because artistic persons never have been exposed to it and never have thought of straw as a real or true art medium."

The exhibit includes 45 carved wooden crosses and 17 straw paintings.  Click here to view the virtual exhibit.

Admission is free and the gallery is open to the public from 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. Monday through Friday. Special arrangements for other times can be made by calling 229-4254. 

Creches are also on display in our museum.  Patrons with RealPlayer may also view a streaming video showing the sets which were on display during the 2005 Christmas season.

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MSA Conference

The 57th Annual Meeting of The Mariological Society of America will be held at Weber Center in Adrian, Michigan, May 16-19, 2006.  This year's theme is Theotokos: Mother of All People.  The program is as follows:

TUESDAY, May 16, 2006

1:30 p.m. Meeting of the Administrative Council


5:00 p.m. Dinner
7:30 p.m. "The Divine Motherhood: Recent Studies"
Father Christopher O'Donnell, O.Carm. Terenure College, Dublin, Ireland
Moderator: Dr. Virginia Kimball

WEDNESDAY, May 17, 2006


7:15 a.m. Morning Prayer and Eucharist
7:30 a.m. Breakfast
8:45 a.m. Registration
9:00 a.m. Welcome, Announcements

9:15 a.m. "The Divine Maternity in Scripture and Tradition"
Father Thomas Buffer, S.T.D. Pontifical College Josephinum
Moderator: Father John Phalen, C.S.C.

10:45 a.m. "Virgin Mother of Christ--Mary, the Church, the Faithful Soul"
Dr. Deyanira Flores Montes de Oca, Costa Rica
Moderator: Father Frank Leo


12:00 p.m. Lunch

1:30 p.m. "Mythological Readings of Mary's Motherhood"
Dr. Catherine O'Brien Kingstown University, U.K.
Moderator: Sister Jean Frisk

3:00 p.m. "The Black Madonna: History and Contemporary Interpretations"
Michael Duricy S.T.L. and Vincenzina Krymow Dayton, Ohio

5:00 p.m. Dinner

7:30 p.m. "Survey of Recent Mariology, 2006"
Father Eamon R. Carroll, O.Carm. Nokomis, Florida

"Works in Progress" (TBA)

9:00 p.m. Marian Devotion/Evening Prayer

Thursday, May 18, 2006


7:15 a.m. Morning Prayer and Eucharist (followed by breakfast)

9:30 a.m. "Benedict XVI's Mariology and the Ecclesiotypical Tradition"
Father Johann G. Roten, S.M. Dayton, Ohio
Moderator: Father Thomas A. Thompson, S.M.

10:45 a.m. "Mother of the Church: An Examination of the 1964 Declaration"
Gloria Dodd Fort Wayne, Indiana
Moderator: Father Francois Rossier, S.M.


12:00 p.m. Lunch

1:3 p.m. "Motherhood Today and the Motherhood of Mary"
Dr. Virginia Kimball MSA President, Merrimack College
Moderator: Sister Mary Catherine Nolan, O.P.

2:45 p.m. Business Meeting and Elections


5:00 p.m. Dinner
Festive reception and Presentation of MSA Awards

8:30 p.m. Marian Devotion/Evening Prayer

Friday, May 19, 2006


7:15 a.m. Morning Prayer and Eucharist (followed by Breakfast)

Note: Some attendees may wish to spend this "free" morning enjoying the Weber Center grounds or visiting various local sites

1:00 p.m. Departure from Weber Center

General Information

Attendance open to all. You need not be a member to register.

For attendees residing at the Weber Center:
MSA Registration Fee (3-day pkg.) $30.00

Room and Board Package:
Lodging and 9 meals--Wed. Dinner (5-6 p.m.) to Friday Lunch (11:30 a.m.-1:00 p.m.)

Single w/priv. bath ($60 per day) $180.00
Double w/priv. bath ($40 per day each) $120

For Commuters:
MSA Registration: $10.00 a day

Lunch $6.50
Dinner $8.50

Meals must be "reserved" on the Registration Form.

Early arrivals? Late departures?--Contact the MSA Secretariat at 937-229-4294 for information about possibilities, rates.

Payment may be made now or at the time of the meeting. Make check or money order payable to the Mariological Society of America. Note: No refunds possible after May 12, 2006

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Additional Web Addresses for The Mary Page

In order to make our web site more accessible, The Mary Page may now be reached at the following URLs:;;;;; and  The original address on the University of Dayton site,, remains active as well.

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Web Collaborators

Two important Catholic websites have added The Mary Page to their list of Media Partners. highlights items from The Mary Page in their section on Catholic News. includes a Mary Channel on their navbar with Mary Page articles. Please visit these site in return.  We expect continued collaboration with them in the future.

Also, the University of Dayton Research Institute (UDRI) has added the Gallery section of The Mary Page to the Exhibits section of their on-line museum, the Plethoreum.

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International Marian Research Institute Course Schedule

IMRI courses for the Summer 2006 semester will commence on June 19.  The course schedule for the Summer semester is now available.

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Nature Ponderings--Walking With Mary

Will be presented by Sister Leanne Jablonski, F.M.I., Director of the Marianist Educational Environmental Center on Wednesday, May 10, 2006 from Noon to 1 pm in Liberty Hall Room 8 at the University of Dayton.

May, with its abundant new life is a traditional time for honoring the feminine and Mary's life.  Join us for a picnic lunch and reflective walk amid the spring beauty of campus, as we ponder Mary's journey and our call to care for the integrity of creation.

In case of inclement weather, all will be held indoors.  Light  luncheon provided.  RSVP required: 937-229-2409.  Sponsored by the Office of the Rector.

Click this link for a list of all of the current Marian Events by geographical position.

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Prayer Corner Requests

You are invited to help us pray for our Prayer Corner intentions.  Please take a look! This site has been updated and enhanced and now allows users to directly submit prayer requests or to volunteer as a prayer partner for these intentions!

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Regina Coeli
Be "Living Stones" To Build The Church
Vatican City, April 17, 2006

At midday today, the Pope appeared at the balcony of the Apostolic Palace of Castelgandolfo to pray the Regina Coeli with the faithful gathered in the square below. ...

After recalling how the Regina Coeli prayer substitutes the Angelus during the period of Easter, the Pope affirmed that "Mary guarded in her heart the 'good news' of the resurrection--source and secret of true joy and authentic peace--that Christ, Who died and rose again, has conquered us with the sacrifice of the cross."

He went on: "We ask Mary, just as she accompanied us in the days of the passion, to continue to guide our steps in this time of spiritual joy, that we may grow ever more in the knowledge and love of the Lord, and become witnesses and apostles of His peace."

Benedict XVI's Address at Way of the Cross
Rome, April 15, 2006

Excerpts of the address Benedict XVI gave at the end of the Way of the Cross, held Friday night in Rome's Colosseum. ...

We have also seen stations of consolation. We have seen the Mother, whose goodness remains faithful unto death and after death. We have seen the courageous woman who appeared before the Lord, and who was not afraid to show solidarity for this suffering person. We have seen Simon of Cyrene, an African, who carries the cross with Jesus. And finally we have seen in these stations of consolation that, just as suffering does not end, so consolations do not end either. ...

Let us pray to Jesus' holy Mother, the Mother of mercy, so that we too will be able to be men and women of mercy and thus contribute to the salvation of the world, to the salvation of the creature-man of God. Amen.

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The director and editors of Mary Page under the auspices of the International Marian Research Institute do not necessarily endorse or agree with the events and ideas expressed in this feature. Our sole purpose is to report on items about Mary gleaned from a myriad of papers representing the secular press.

Baby Wanted: Shrine aids couples in prayers for conception's miracle
[Source: Saint Anthony Messenger (St. Augustine, Fla.), April 19, 2006]

She is the Virgin Mary, the Madonna and the mother of God. But for many women who make the pilgrimage to the Shrine of Our Lady of La Leche here, she is also the "mother of maternal desires." Her intercession helps infertile couples conceive and expectant mothers to carry problem pregnancies to full term.

When Anthony and Lisa Smrek of Jeffersonville, Penn., first visited the shrine in 1996, they had already experienced a miracle--their unborn baby was still alive.

Doctors had originally diagnosed Lisa with a tubal pregnancy and advised her to get an injection to terminate the pregnancy.

"You can die from a tubal pregnancy," explained Lisa Smrek, a registered nurse.

But a chance telephone conversation with another nurse, named Maria, who worked at a health insurance company and knew the symptoms of tubal pregnancies, convinced the couple to wait.

"Trust me," she told Lisa, "do not get that injection."

A subsequent doctor’s visit confirmed Maria’s hunch: It was not a tubal pregnancy.

Twice blessed

The couple--relieved yet anxious about their first pregnancy--were vacationing in Florida several weeks later when a relative took them to the Shrine of Our Lady of La Leche y Buen Parto (Spanish for "Our Lady of the Milk and Happy Delivery"). Anthony and Lisa lit a candle and began petitioning heaven for a healthy baby. Daughter Dana was born six months later.

If every baby is a miracle from God, the Smreks wanted another. Four years later in October 2000, they returned to the humble chapel in the quiet backwaters of Old St. Augustine. This time they asked for a "special delivery."

"I had medical procedures and surgery, but I couldn’t get pregnant," Lisa Smrek says. "I remember thinking, 'I’m a good Catholic girl. My husband and I love each other. Everyone else is having babies. Why can’t I have another baby?'"

As the distraught couple poured out their hearts before a statue of the blessed mother nursing the Infant Jesus, a peace began to enfold them like a warm blanket. "There is a presence in that place," said Smrek, her voice breaking at the memory.

The couple left the chapel and any future baby in the hands of God. Several weeks later, something prompted Lisa to do a home pregnancy test. "It was positive," laughs the 38-yearold leader of a Catholic moms’ faith-sharing group. "I did another test and then another. They were all positive!"

The couple’s special delivery---a son they named David--was an express delivery through prayer. His conception was traced to the time of their stay in St. Augustine.

A faith Is born

It’s not a spiritual coincidence the Shrine of Our Lady of La Leche is a powerhouse of answered prayers for mothers and fathers, said Eric P. Johnson, director of the shrine. "The first parish Mass in what is now the United States was celebrated here on September 8, 1565--the feast of the nativity of Mary."

That historic Mass also marked St. Augustine as the birthplace of Christianity in America, not only for Catholics but also for Christians of all denominations. "This is where the gospel was preached to the native people for the first time," explained Johnson.

"Prior to that, Spanish explorers and their chaplains came ashore to celebrate Mass and then sailed elsewhere. They did not set down roots or establish a parish community."

America’s first parish is known today as the Cathedral-Basilica of St. Augustine. The faith of our nation began here on August 28, 1565, when General Pedro Menéndez de Avilés of Spain--commander of a fleet of ships sent forth by King Philip II--sighted land.

Because it was the feast of St. Augustine, Menéndez named the place where he landed several days later in the saint’s honor. On Sept. 8, the general disembarked.

"As I had gone ashore the evening before, I took a cross and went to meet him, singing the hymn ‘Te Deum Laudamos,’" chronicled Father Francisco López de Mendoza Grajales, a secular priest and chaplain of the fleet.

"The general, followed by all who accompanied him, marched up to the cross, knelt and kissed it. A large number of Indians watched these proceedings and imitated all they saw done."

Father López then celebrated a solemn Mass in honor of Mary’s nativity. Following the Mass, the Spaniards and the Indians shared a meal--the real first Thanksgiving, claim some historians. Menéndez christened the site Mission Nombre de Dios, or "Name of God."

A grace-filled grotto

While the mission is a spiritual legacy, it’s another tradition that entices modern pilgrims to Mission Nombre de Dios: devotion to Our Lady of La Leche. Some believe this ancient Marian piety began in a cave in Bethlehem.

According to one tradition, the holy family took refuge there while fleeing Herod’s soldiers during the Slaughter of the Innocents. As the blessed mother was nursing the Christ child, a few drops of her milk spilled to the ground and turned the dark stones a chalky white. Miracles were attributed to the cave, and by the sixth century, pilgrims were venerating the site.

Known today as the "Milk Grotto" and tended by the Holy Land Franciscans, the grotto is popular with both Christian and Muslim women who seek Our Lady of the Milk’s intercession from infertility or problem pregnancies.

How the piety arrived in Spain nobody knows. One legend states that, around 1598, a Spanish noble rescued a statue of the nursing mother from a drunken sailor and took it home. The noble’s pregnant wife, who was suffering from an illness that threatened both her life and that of her unborn child, prayed fervently to the "mother of mothers." The baby was born healthy and both lives were spared.

News of the miraculous statue spread, with King Philip III erecting a shrine to Nuestra Señora de la Leche y Buen Parto in a Madrid church. Many happy deliveries were credited to our lady’s intercession.

"It is even said that over the years the queen of Spain was among the throngs of expectant mothers to visit the statue," stated Matthew Geiger in his booklet Mission of Nombre de Dios.

In the early 1600s, Spaniards brought a 12-inch replica of the statue to St. Augustine and renamed the mission chapel in her honor. The mission that birthed Christianity in America on the feast of the Nativity of Mary had now birthed the country’s first Marian shrine.

"The spiritual connections here are incredible," Johnson said, marveling at his own connection, one begun when he was a child in the late 1940s. "Whenever somebody in the family was having a baby, mother would load up the kids and drive here from Jacksonville. She’d light a candle and then we’d all kneel down to say a prayer for that woman."

When the English finally seized control of St. Augustine in 1763, the Spanish fled with the statue to Cuba, where it was presumed lost. Replica statues would grace the chapel, which was built of native coquina in the mid-1700s and last restored around 1915. Sadly, the statue and church in Madrid were reportedly destroyed in 1937 during the Spanish Civil War.

The baby boom

Heaven only knows the number of babies conceived in prayer at the chapel. "My mother wanted a baby but couldn’t, so she came to the chapel to pray, and here I am!" quip pilgrims to shrine workers. Other women come asking for divine help in carrying a baby to full term.

Some hopeful parents experience a miracle of the heart. "Prayers aren’t always answered the way people want or expect," said Johnson, who prayed for his two sons and three granddaughters at the chapel.

One day while walking the mission grounds, Johnson met a couple from Louisiana who were retracing the steps of a pilgrimage they had made 35 years earlier. Back then they had come to pray for a family.

"Here we found the peace and the courage to accept God’s will," they told Johnson. "If we couldn’t have a child of our own, we would adopt." And adopt they did--they became parents to nine and grandparents to 20.

Sheltered under a "Gothic arch" of cedar and oak trees, the ivy-draped, Spanish-styled chapel exudes both calm and humility. A statue of St. Peter above the entrance holds the keys of heaven, while inside small wooden benches seat about 30 pilgrims. Behind the altar, a halo of golden light surrounds the two-foot-tall wooden statue of our lady of La Leche.

Seated on a throne, the blessed mother is barefooted, her right foot resting on a pillow. At her breast is the infant Jesus and, as babies do, one of Jesus’ tiny hands clutches the fabric of his mother’s dress. There’s more to the hand-carved icon, however, than a maternal image.

According to Old World Spanish iconography, it is believed the cream color of Jesus’ nightshirt and blanket symbolize that he is the Lamb of God. Mary’s red robe represents a sacrifice--the death of her son on the cross-- and the deep blue color of her starry mantle depicts her humanity.

And that, said Lisa Smrek, is the special allure of our lady of La Leche. "We don’t always think of the blessed mother as a nursing mother. We see beautiful pictures of her gazing at Jesus, holding him in her arms. But here she is nursing and nurturing her son."

Now Lisa and husband Anthony are promoting the devotion in their parish and community. They not only hand out prayer cards but also pray with infertile couples. One couple received a surprising answer to their prayers: They’re expecting triplets!

Mother of us all

Not all pilgrims who visit the chapel are seeking our lady’s intercession in maternal matters. Many are coming to rejoice for favors received, such as a healthy grandbaby or the physical healing of a loved one.

Others are carrying great sorrows: victims of spousal abuse, alcoholics, women grieving their abortions, parents who’ve lost children in accidents or to suicide.

"They come seeking solace and forgiveness," said Johnson. "This place offers an incredible sense of peace and an atmosphere of prayer. It allows the small but significant miracles to take place in the heart and the spirit."

One day, it was a 12-year-old girl who arrived with a heavy burden. Johnson was giving a tour of the mission to a group of public school students when they stopped at the chapel.

After explaining the chapel’s history and the practice of praying for pregnant women, he invited the students to step inside, see the statue and perhaps say a prayer. Most of the students went in, but the 12-year-old stayed behind.

"What do I say?" the girl asked Johnson.

"What do you mean?" he responded.

"You said people can go in the chapel and pray if they have something they’re concerned about. I don’t know how to pray."

"What is it that concerns you?" he inquired gently.

"My 15-year-old sister is going to have a baby," she replied. "She’s not married and she’s scared. I’m scared for her."

Johnson instructed the girl on what she might do. She went inside the chapel, sat down on a little bench and lifted up her head to the mother of life. Nobody knows what happened to the sister, but that day prayer was birthed in a young girl’s heart.

The Franciscan connection

St. Augustine was already an "old town" when the English founded Jamestown in 1607 or the pilgrims set foot on Plymouth Rock in 1620, stated Timothy J. Johnson, associate professor of religion at the city’s Flagler College. "Generally speaking, what brings the Spanish to the New World is not the same thing that brings the English."

The Spaniards "came very much wanting to evangelize," said Johnson. "The English came wanting to get away from the Church of England."

Saving souls wasn’t helped by a priest shortage. Three of seven secular priests defected when Menéndez’s fleet stopped in Puerto Rico. Later, when several Jesuits arrived and were murdered, the order withdrew from Florida. During a trip to Spain in 1572, Menéndez petitioned the Franciscan friars to come to the New World. What happened next was literally an evangelism explosion.

"Records indicate that in 1595 the friars undertook a large-scale missionary effort in Florida," said Johnson, a scholar on Franciscan matters and author of two books about St. Bonaventure. "Within 100 years, there were over 30 thriving missions and some 26,000 Indians were brought to the Faith."

When the bishop of Santiago de Cuba came to Florida in 1674 to ordain seven men (possibly the first ordinations in the United States), he confirmed 13,152 Catholics, writes Matthew Geiger in his booklet Mission of Nombre de Dios.

With Nombre de Dios as "home base," the missions spanned south and west across Florida, up through Georgia and as far north as Chesapeake Bay. Unlike the missions in New Mexico and California, virtually nothing remains of the Florida missions.

"Many were built of wood and either deteriorated over time or were burned by the British," said Johnson.

Mission Nombre de Dios

The birthplace of Christianity in America--Mission Nombre de Dios--is a pilgrimage of both history and heart. Nearly 200,000 pilgrims annually visit the 20-acre holy site, which is owned by the Diocese of St. Augustine.

A walking tour begins at Prince of Peace Church, a votive church erected in 1965 to commemorate the mission’s 400th anniversary and dedicated to world peace. Masses are held Mondays and Tuesdays at 8:30 a.m., Saturdays at 6 p.m. and Sundays at 8 a.m.

Proclaiming the birth of Christianity in America, the Great Cross--erected in 1966 and made of stainless steel--towers 208 feet over St. Augustine. Illuminated at night, the Great Cross can be seen many miles out to sea.

A huge plaque nearby details the network of missions that once stretched from present-day Miami up the Atlantic coast to Chesapeake Bay and westward to Pensacola. Known as America’s "Sacred Acre," the Chapel of Our Lady of La Leche is the nation’s first Marian shrine. A victim of war, pirates and storms, the current chapel is the fourth and was last restored around 1915.

A life-sized statue of St. Francis of Assisi pays tribute to the enormous role Franciscan missionaries played in evangelizing the New World. As the saint would have liked, squirrels play at his feet and birds dance on his head.

Other devotions on the beautifully landscaped grounds include Our Lady of Guadalupe, a Byzantine icon of Our Lady of Perpetual Help, monuments of the Seven Sorrows of Mary, a pietà and Stations of the Cross.

The mission and shrine are open daily from sunrise to sunset. On the Saturday nearest Sept. 8--the feast of the Nativity of Mary--the city of St. Augustine reenacts the landing of Menéndez at Nombre de Dios, followed by Mass at the rustic altar.

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For more information, call 800-342-6529. Prayer petitions can be mailed to Our Lady of La Leche, 27 Ocean Avenue, St. Augustine, FL 32084.

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This page, maintained by The Marian Library/International Marian Research Institute, Dayton, Ohio 45469-1390, and created by Kris Sommers , was last modified Monday, 05/01/2006 16:29:48 EDT by Michael P. Duricy . Please send any comments to

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