News from the
Marian Library
Mary in the
Secular Press


Mary Page News items give insight into our interest areas, our outreach, and the many ways people honor Our Lady. We welcome your input and your comments.


Liturgical Season

To celebrate the month of November with Mary:

Marian Commemoration Days

Mary Page offers a variety of resources inviting study, reflection and meditation.  We also list important Marian dates for each month of the year.  Please see Marian Commemoration Days for the month of November.

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New Resources

A section on Children's Resources has been added to our About Mary page.  The latest addition was My Friend Magazine: How To Pray the Rosary. Expect more sections to follow.

A section on international stamps with images of Mary has also been added to About Mary page.  The latest added was Venezuela.  Expect more countries to follow.

We have updated our answers to Who Are Mary's Parent's? and What is the Stand of the CDF on Vassula Ryden? as well as our pages on The Hail Mary in Various Languages and our Advent Calendar.  We have also enhanced our search utility to allow users to examine the holdings of The Marian Library.  Please try out the new feature at Search and send us your feedback.

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  News from the Marian Library

Alumni Update

Alejandro Cañadas, a member of The Mary Page Advisory Board, informs us that he and his wife, Cynthia, recently visited the Basilica of Guadalupe in Mexico.  They are currently at The Ohio State University finishing their Ph.Ds (in Economics and Education respectively) and are happily expecting the birth of their first child next Summer.  They hope to visit The Marian Library around Thanksgiving.

Fr. Eamon Carroll, long time IMRI Professor, will be visiting The Marian Library from November 16-21.  Fr. Johann G. Roten, S.M., Director of ML/IMRI, will be in Lourdes speaking on The Immaculate Conception until next month.

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Polish Madonna Prints Still Available!

While the note-cards are now out of stock, eleven different prints are still available from Wislawa Kwiatkowska's "Polish Madonnas in Art and Poetry" exhibit. There are nine 11" x 14" prints and two 8.5" x 11" prints.  All pictures are printed on 80# paper.

The 11" x 14" pictures available are:

Madonna of the Sowers

Madonna Covered with Cherry Blossoms

Mother of God of Lichen

Mournful Mother of Czestochowa

Madonna of the Mushrooms

Our Lady of the Birches

Golden-Green Mother of God

Madonna of the Mountains

Madonna Riding on a Deer

The two 8.5" x 11" prints available are:

So Human

Christmas Carol

The 11" x 14" prints are $5 each.  The 8.5" x 11" prints are $3 each or 2 for $5.00.  There is an additional charge of $5 for each quantity of 11 prints or less to cover postage and handling.  Here is an example of the postage and handling rates:

1-11 prints: $5 per ORDER (not per print)

12-22 prints: $10

23-33 prints: $15

Specify which prints and quantity you want and make a check or money order out to "The Marian Library." Mail it to:

The Marian Library
Attention: Prints
University of Dayton
Dayton, OH 45469-1390

We also have a "Polish Madonna" Windows PC screensaver that shows all twelve of the pictures that were in the St. Anthony Messenger article.  It sells for $5.00, which includes postage and handling.

If you have any questions, please call 937-229-4214.

Print Descriptions

Christmas Carol: Compassionate animals draw close to Baby Jesus in the manger and warm him with their breath.

Golden-Green Mother of God: Mary and Baby Jesus sit in a dill garden. Mary looks tenderly after her children with the same attentiveness that she looks upon the cherished golden-green dill of her garden.

Madonna Covered with Cherry Blossoms: Delicate cherry blossoms frame the faces of Mary and Baby Jesus while butterflies--symbols of the Resurrection--circle around them.

Madonna of the Mountains: This snowy scene shows Mary in solidarity with all creation; she knows what it is like to be cold and hungry, yet she is determined to overcome all the wintry trials of life. In her basket she carries two little bears that are eager to see Baby Jesus.

Madonna of the Mushrooms:  These mushrooms of autumn are attractive but deadly; Mary draws out the poison and warns against the allure and perniciousness of sin.

Madonna Riding on a Deer: Based upon a Polish legend, this picture shows Mary and Baby Jesus being whisked away from danger by a swift and noble deer.

Madonna of the Sowers: From the lilac heather, through the morning fog, the wind pulls threads from Mary's shawl and wraps them around the trees and branches, protecting the autumn seeds.

Mother of God of Lichen: Mary fingers her rosary and gazes prayerfully at the insignia of the Polish eagle on her chest, as the animals are drawn to her loving maternal presence.

Mournful Mother of Czestochowa: In this portrait of the famous icon of Our Lady of Czestochowa, Baby Jesus tries to comfort his mother as she mourns for the fate of the Polish people. Around Mary's shoulders is a blue and gold ribbon from which hangs the Virtuti Militari--the highest Polish military honor that is given in recognition of bravery. (The two slashes on the face of the original icon were inflicted by Hussite soldiers in the fifteenth century.)

Our Lady of the Birches: The white of the birches symbolizes the purity of Mary, while the storks gathered around  her represent prosperity and the hope for children.

So Human: In a conversation with the saints in heaven, St. Ann reminisces about her little Mary, who loved to gather flowers and frolic with the animals.

New Web Addresses for The Mary Page

In order to make our web site more accessible, The Mary Page may now be reached at the following URLs:;; and  The original address on the University of Dayton site remains active as well.

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Web Collaborators

Two important Catholic websites have added The Mary Page to their list of Media Partners. highlights items from The Mary Page in their section on Catholic News. includes a Mary Channel on their navbar with Mary Page articles. Please visit these site in return.  We expect continued collaboration with them in the future.

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New Exhibit

"Lost in the Beauty of Her God," the inspired works of Sister Marie Pierre Semler, M.M. (1901-1993), will be displayed in The Marian Library Gallery from November 4, 2005 through January 20, 2006.  Visitors are welcome weekdays from 8:30 am to 4:30 pm or by special arrangement.  For details call 937-229-4214.  Click here for a virtual exhibit.

Creches and Straw Art are also on display in our museum.

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International Marian Research Institute Course Schedule

IMRI courses for the Fall 2005 semester concluded on November 11.  The new course schedule will be posted on-line when available.

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The Dayton Liederkranz-Turner Christkindlmarkt will offer a centuries old German Christmas Market tradition that originated in Nuremberg, Germany on Dec. 9-11.  The public is invited, with free admission and free parking.  There will also be a Christmas Concert that Saturday from 8-9 pm (when the booths will be closed).  For more information call 937-223-9013 or click into

Click this link for a list of all of the current Marian Events by geographical position.

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You are invited to help us pray for our Prayer Corner intentions.  Please take a look! This site has been updated and enhanced and now allows users to directly submit prayer requests or to volunteer as a prayer partner for these intentions!

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Cardinal Man Urges Catholics To Focus On Christ After Reports Of Weeping Marian Statue
Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, November 16, 2005 (UCAN)

Following claims that a Marian statue shed tears, Cardinal Jean Baptiste Pham Minh Man has asked Catholics to focus on Christ and to await results of the Church's investigation of those claims.

"The Church is always very careful about determining whether a phenomenon is a miracle or not," the cardinal-archbishop of Ho Chi Minh City said in a letter sent to all parishes Nov. 4.

The 71-year-old Church leader said no conclusive evidence has emerged yet to substantiate claims that the Marian statue in front of Notre Dame Cathedral in downtown Ho Chi Minh City actually "cried." Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam's commercial capital, is 1,710 kilometers south of Ha Noi.

"So I am planning to set up a committee to investigate the phenomenon," he said in his message, which he asked parish priests to read during Sunday Masses on Nov. 6 and to post at venues where Catholics gather.

Thousands have flocked to Cong Xa Paris Square in front of the cathedral following rumors that the Marian statue there shed tears on Oct. 29.

The crowds have been coming to pray, sing Marian songs, recite the Rosary and to satisfy their curiosity. Many said they saw tear marks on the cheek of the statue, which was erected in 1959. It is a little more than three meters tall, atop a pedestal of approximately the same height.

At times, the streets leading to the square have been so packed with people that policemen and municipal workers have had to set up barriers to prevent motorbikes and cars from approaching the area.

"Being responsible for instructing you and journeying with you in the faith, I would like to remind you of the basic truth of the Christian faith--that is Christ, who is the Way, the Truth and the Life," wrote the cardinal in his letter.

As he counseled Catholics to await the results of the investigation, Cardinal Man urged them "to keep our souls peaceful so that we can avoid actions and words that cause not only Catholics but also non-Catholics to misunderstand and misjudge."

He exhorted the people to "listen to God's voice in our hearts, and act according to His word, not according to our passing feelings." He also asked them to build their faith life on the word of God that offers love, justice and peace to all.

A Catholic doctor who married a Buddhist man 21 years ago and subsequently stopped attending church told UCA News that on Oct. 29, after hearing the rumors, she and her daughter visited the statue.

Looking up at the face through a pair of binoculars, she said, she saw the statue weeping. "My daughter and I prayed at the statue until 4 p.m. the next day, and then we attended Sunday Mass," the woman said.

A photographer who has taken photos of tourists visiting the cathedral for 15 years said he saw "a line of tears on Mary's face and believed in the strange phenomenon."

"The Blessed Mother cries as other women do because their children are disobedient or are committing sins, so we must keep ourselves free from sin and avoid temptations," the 45-year-old man said.

However, his wife noted that "people have the right to believe or not believe in the phenomenon."

Teresa Trang, who had come with some women from Binh Thuan parish to recite the rosary, stated her belief that "the Blessed Mother cries since people commit a lot of sins, especially abortion."

Some Catholics told UCA New they were concerned about comments some priests made to state-run newspapers on Oct. 30 and 31. One of the priests, Father Jean Baptiste Huynh Cong Minh, the cathedral parish priest, reportedly referred to the alleged phenomenon as "a groundless rumor." He said that as the statue is placed out in the open, dirt could have accumulated on it, and the alleged tear marks could have been marks left by the rain.

Father Minh, who is the archdiocese's vicar general, the highest local Church official after Cardinal Man, said he had asked all priests to tell Catholics not to believe the rumor.

Other priests suggested that people with ulterior motives might have spread the rumors. In the wake of the claimed miracle, photos of the Marian statue reportedly were selling for 30,000 dong (US$2). Many people have reported having their pockets picked or necklaces stolen as they jostled in crowds.

Some Catholics told UCA News it was too early for the priests to comment on the phenomenon when the local Church has yet to do so officially. However, some said belief in the phenomenon also should wait for official Church approval. Marie Nguyen Thi Ngoc Quynh, who works for a local newspaper, said, "I will believe in the phenomenon only when the Church recognizes it."

Some Buddhists UCA News talked with at the site said they found it difficult to believe the phenomenon, but came to pray to the Blessed Mother anyway.

Maria Crocifissa Curcio: Her Life
Founder of Carmelite Missionary SistersTo Be Beatified

Vatican City, November 10, 2005

The Holy See issued a biography of Maria Crocifissa Curcio (1877-1957), founder of the Carmelite Missionary Sisters of St. Thérèse of the Child Jesus, who will be beatified Sunday in St. Peter's Basilica. The following excerpt tells about her devotion to Mary.

In 1890, at age 13, she succeeded, not without difficulty, in enrolling in the Carmelite Third Order. Because of her regular attendance at the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Mount Carmel and her deep devotion to Our Lady of Mount Carmel, who "had captured her heart since childhood" by assigning her the mission of "making the Carmel re-flourish," her knowledge of Carmelite spirituality made her understand the divine plans in store for her.

Nazareth Project Uniting Christians, Jews and Muslims
Multimedia Center to Focus on Mary

Nazareth, Israel, November 9, 2005

A bishop of the Latin Patriarchate of Jerusalem is promoting a new high-tech multimedia center dedicated to Mary of Nazareth. The project is coordinated by the Mary of Nazareth Association, which arose in France. Auxiliary Bishop Giacinto-Boulos Marcuzzo is the delegate of the Assembly of the Bishops of the Holy Land whose goal is to support the initiative. The Marian center is being established, using buildings around the Basilica of the Annunciation, to focus on the mystery of the Mother of God.

In a statement to ZENIT today, Bishop Marcuzzo explained that the project is a "small miracle" of "unity and peace," as it has united for the first time the churches of the Holy Land: Catholic, Orthodox and Protestant. The bishop said that the Jewish authorities favor this project and that it has the support of Muslim believers who venerate the Blessed Virgin Mary. "When you hear talk of the Holy Land, unfortunately you hear about conflicts, war, terrorism, violence, death," he said. "Here is a project that unites Christians of all denominations, including Protestants, and finally also Muslims and Jews."

The prelate described as "providential" the way in which the buildings near the basilica have been purchased, "next to the place in which the great mystery of the Incarnation was realized." Such purchases seemed impossible just a few years ago, he said. Twelve other similar centers around the world are being established. The prelate is confident that the center will be very useful for the local Church, which "really needs it," to be able to carry out "a pastoral program of the holy places." Bishop Marcuzzo, 60, explained that the project needs the support of Christians to be consolidated and believes it is an effective way to support the Holy Land.  See

On "Dei Verbum" and Reading Scripture
"The Church Always Draws From the Gospel"

Vatican City, November 6, 2005

Here is the conclusion of the address Benedict XVI gave today from the window of his study to the crowds gathered in St. Peter's Square before the midday Angelus. As a condition, "lectio divina" requires that the mind and heart be illuminated by the Holy Spirit, that is, by the inspirer himself of the Scriptures and to place oneself, therefore, in an attitude of "religious listening." This is the typical attitude of Mary Most Holy exactly as shown in the emblematic image of the annunciation: The Virgin receives the heavenly messenger while meditating on the sacred Scriptures, represented generally with a book that May holds in her hands, or on her lap, or on a lectern. This is also the image of the Church offered by the Council itself, in the constitution "Dei Verbum" (No. 1). Let us pray so that, like Mary, the Church is a docile handmaid of the Divine Word and proclaims it always with firm confidence so that "the whole world, hearing, will believe the proclamation of salvation; believing will hope, and hoping will love" (ibid.).

Charismatics Invited to '06 Meeting With Pope
Fatima, Portugal, October 27, 2005

A Vatican official invited the Catholic Fraternity of Charismatic Covenant Communities and Fellowships to prepare for next year's meeting of the Pope with new Church movements and communities.

Archbishop Stanislaw Rylko, president of the Pontifical Council for the Laity, made that exhortation on the occasion of the first European conference of this organization of pontifical right, which opens in Fatima on Friday.

"Five days of blessings" is how this charismatic organization describes the meeting at the Marian shrine. The event's theme is "Eucharist and New Evangelization in the School of Mary."

The meeting in Fatima will highlight the importance of the Eucharist in charismatic communities.

The Holy Eucharist and Marian Devotion
Michael F. Hull--Teleconference on the Internet

October 31, 2005

Devotion to the Holy Eucharist and devotion to Our Lady are so closely bound as to be inseparable. As Mother and Son are united in an "indissoluble tie" (Lumen gentium, no. 53), so too devotion to Mother and Son are tightly linked. This is expressed most beautifully by the medieval religious poem "Ave Verum," immortalized as a motet by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in 1791.

In his encyclical letter Ecclesia de Eucharistia, the late Pope John Paul II devotes the sixth and final chapter to Mary, which he entitles "At the School of Mary: 'Woman of the Eucharist'." Therein, the pope points out significant parallels in the lives of Jesus and Mary. For example, Jesus’ words at the Last Supper--"Do this in remembrance of me" (Luke 22:19)--echo Mary’s words at the Wedding at Cana--"Do whatever he tells you" (John 2:5). Likewise, Mary’s Fiat to the Archangel Gabriel (Luke 1:38) prefigures the Amen of each communicant at the reception of Holy Communion. Speaking of Mary’s own reception of Holy Communion after the Lord’s Paschal Mystery, John Paul remarks: "For Mary, receiving the Eucharist must have somehow meant welcoming once more into her womb that heart which had beat in unison with hers and reliving what she had experienced at the foot of the Cross" (EE, no. 56). Mutatis mutandis, we are also brought to the foot of the Cross in Holy Communion, where we are united not only with the Lord, but also with the stabat Mater dolorosa. Finally, we find Our Lord entrusting his Mother to St. John, who as the "beloved disciple" had such a prominent place at the bosom of Jesus at the Last Supper, and St. John to his Mother (John 19:26­–27). Holy tradition recounts how Mary and St. John eventually settled at Ephesus, the place where Mary kept so much in her heart until her Assumption (cf. Luke 2:33–35 and 2:51).

During the public ministry of the Lord, Mary is rarely in the foreground. Except for the Wedding at Cana--when Jesus prefigured his miracle of the Eucharist by turning water into wine at Mary’s request (John 2:1–11)--and at the foot of the Cross--when Jesus concluded his Passion (John 19:25)--Mary is always in the background. Her presence is always pointing toward her Son. And that is the very heart of Marian devotion: a strong, omnipresent, and relatively silent expression of devotion to the will of God oriented to his and her Son.

Throughout the history of the Church, the saints have understood this truth. Two examples will suffice. In the fourth century, St. Ambrose expressed the hope that all of his people would inculcate the spirit of Mary as a means to glorify God: "May the heart of Mary be in each Christian to proclaim the greatness of the Lord; may her spirit be in everyone to exult in God." Similarly, fourteen hundred years later St. John Bosco had a vision of two pillars anchoring the bark of Peter in the midst of a stormy sea: the pillar of the Eucharist and the pillar of the Blessed Virgin Mary. The larger pillar, that of the Eucharist, had the words "Salvation of Believers" and the smaller, that of Mary, "Help of Christians."

Mary is, indeed, the help of Christians, leading them to Jesus and the Eucharist. Devotion to Our Lady is always together with devotion to Our Lord, especially in the Eucharist, as the Church sings: "Ave verum corpus natum de Maria Virgine ..."

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The director and editors of Mary Page under the auspices of the International Marian Research Institute do not necessarily endorse or agree with the events and ideas expressed in this feature. Our sole purpose is to report on items about Mary gleaned from a myriad of papers representing the secular press.

Hidden Treasures
[Source: The Baltimore Sun, September 29, 2005]

Perched on a scaffold 50 feet high, below the top of the dome of the Basilica of the Assumption, architect Stephen F. Reilly made a fist and tapped the wall.

"Solid, solid, hollow," he said.

Behind hollow panels, Reilly found four 19th-century paintings of the Gospel evangelists Matthew, Mark, Luke and John.

"It was a very exciting moment," Reilly said yesterday, describing the find he made this summer. "We knew something was back there, but nothing this big."

The distempered water-based paintings--each about 11 feet wide by 8 feet high--are believed to have been created by artists Philip Nengel and Hubert Schmidt in 1865, Reilly said during a tour of the Basilica yesterday. The paintings were discovered in late July.

The 19th-century Basilica, the first Roman Catholic cathedral built in the United States and one of Baltimore's best-known religious landmarks, has undergone more than a dozen renovations, including one in 1870. It was then that the paintings of the evangelists were masked and preserved under layers of wood, church officials said.

Reilly is one of the contractors conducting the current $32 million restoration project of the Basilica, which is expected to be completed by 2006, in time for its 200th anniversary.

Reilly and an archdiocese spokesman said the paintings were well-preserved.

Sona Johnston, senior curator of European paintings and sculptures for the Baltimore Museum of Art, said neither Nengel nor Schmidt was found in their artist databases.

She said their fresco paintings--the technique of painting on wet plaster--can stand the test of time; the same technique was used by Michelangelo in the Vatican's Sistine chapel.

"It's made to stand up for years and is a durable way of architectural decoration," Johnston said. "It can flake and be compromised by water, but in a stable environment, it can remain for some time."

Plans are to keep the paintings in original condition as much as possible, hidden behind a shroud until the restoration is complete.

"We've been carefully trying to figure out what's the best method to restore them," Reilly said. "There is a proposal from one of the contractors to preserve what is there and restore the surfaces. Many are largely intact, but they have streaks and gouges, and they need to be fixed."

The paintings depict some of the evangelists as animals, symbols taken from visions of the prophet Ezekiel, and list their Latin names in gold. Mark is a winged lion, Luke a bull, John an eagle and Matthew a human.

Sean Caine, spokesman for the Archdiocese of Baltimore, said no monetary value has been placed on the paintings, but he described their historical and religious value as priceless.

Cardinal William H. Keeler was also informed about Reilly's find. "I know he was excited to see it discovered," Caine said.

Church officials hope the paintings will add to the Basilica's history and draw attention from its visitors, possibly even Pope Benedict XVI, whom Keeler invited to attend the Basilica's rededication ceremony in November 2006.

"It is just another reason for people to be excited about the basilica," Caine said.

Reilly hesitated when asked if more treasures might be found in the church, formally called the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary.

"We think we've seen pretty much everything that we are going to see, but something might pop up," he said.

In Destroyed Town, a Symbol of Hope
[Source: St. Petersburg Times (Florida), September 27, 2005]

Pete Picou Jr. knew his town was gone.

He had flown over Cameron a day or two ago, can't remember exactly when. His convenience store was blown off its foundation. His house was torn in half.

Hurricane Rita made landfall about 30 miles to the west of this small bayou town of shrimpers and oil workers. Wind, floods and mud laid waste to almost every building in Cameron, home to about 2,000 people.

But Picou, high school civics teacher and the town's former emergency management chief, wanted to check on one thing Monday: the statue of the Virgin Mary at the Our Lady of the Sea Catholic Church.

He remembers when the statue was brought to town in 1963, six years after Hurricane Audrey killed 600 people in the area. Picou was 9 years old then, and Cameron looked as it does today: a mound of muddy, waterlogged detritus rotting in the swamp.

The statue symbolized a new chapter in Cameron's history. Carved out of white marble in Spain, it depicted Mary with her arm around a young girl. The statue greeted everyone who drove into the church parking lot.

"It says underneath the statue, "Do not harm my children,' " Picou said.

Rita killed no one in Cameron. Everyone fled, as he had told them to do so many times in his 30 years as emergency director.

But Rita hit everything, even the town's cemeteries: Crypts were ripped open and caskets floated a dozen miles away. Human bones lay in the sun and broken caskets littered a lawn near a crucifix. Picou was relieved to see that his father's casket was still firmly inside his crypt. His aunt's and uncle's weren't so lucky.

As he approached the church by airboat Monday, one side looked like it had been bombed. Debris from other buildings landed in the sanctuary, and the pews still inside stood in two inches of water.

He walked toward the church on dry land ahead of a group of FEMA workers, and then stopped.

"Oh, hell," he said. "The statue is gone."

It was quiet, the only sound the buzz of a military helicopter overhead.

"She's given up on us," Picou said.

The base was still there, though. The inscription read: "Erected 1963 in the path of Hurricanes Audrey and Carla."

Picou walked behind the pedestal.

"There she is!"

Mary had toppled over on her back. She faced the sky, not a speck of mud or a blade of grass on her.

Picou grasped the statue's right hand, still outstretched and un-cracked.

"We're back to take care of you," he said. "Sweetheart, you did your job."

Images of Mary Reported Worldwide
[Source: The Plain Dealer (Cleveland), September 24, 2005]

The Virgin Mary has long been a source of comfort to millions of believers.

Pilgrims stream to shrines built where the Blessed Mother has appeared--Guadalupe, Mexico; Lourdes, France; and Fatima, Portugal. They also journey to more modern sites such as the one in Zeitoun, Egypt, where cloudlike images of Mary hovering above the Coptic Church were broadcast on television. Or to Medjugorje, located in Bosnia-Herzegovina, which is well-known to the devout for the Marian messages received there that call the faithful back to prayer and the Eucharist.

The number of reported apparitions has continued to grow in the past few decades.

The founder of an Emmitsburg, Md., mobile medical program for the indigent, Dr. Gianna Talone Sullivan, has said she transcribes the words of the Virgin Mary. In Belleville, Ill., Ray Doiron, who says he has had several near-death experiences, claims that afterward he began to receive messages from Mary as well. Dozens of others around the world make similar claims.

People seem to turn up whenever divine contact is announced. The Bible urges caution, as in 1 John 4:1, ""Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try the spirits whether they are of God: because many false prophets are gone out into the world." Yet adherents rush in, seeing a deeper connection with the miraculous, or perhaps a straighter road map to salvation.

Some experts say such individuals are shunning common sense. According to them, these people might choose to distrust church authority or political leaders, but accept the moral pronouncements of channeled apparitions without reservation.

Other professionals see the situation differently. Local psychologist Beth Lawton says that people who believe the claims of even the most tenuous Marian apparitions are still "accessing a personal connection to God."

Her practice has seen an increase in anxiety disorders in recent years.

"Anxiety is amorphous, a helpless feeling," she explains. "There’s a personal and group search, outside established religion and government, because people are hurting emotionally. Prayer is seizing onto something that can help."

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This page, maintained by The Marian Library/International Marian Research Institute, Dayton, Ohio 45469-1390, and created by Kris Sommers , was last modified Wednesday, 11/23/2005 11:20:15 EST by Michael P. Duricy . Please send any comments to

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