WHAT'S NEW?

Liturgical Season 11/7/03 World News
New Resources  Marian Events  Mary in the Secular Press
 News from the
Marian Library
 Prayer Corner News Archives

Mary Page News items give insight into our interest areas, our outreach, and the many ways people honor Our Lady. We welcome your input and your comments.

Liturgical Season

To celebrate the month of November with Mary:

Marian Commemoration Days

Mary Page offers a variety of resources inviting study, reflection and meditation.  We also list important Marian dates for each month of the year.  Please see Marian Commemoration Days for the month of November.

Rosary Markings

Rosary Markings is an answer to John Paul II's proclamation of "The Year of the Rosary" (2002-2003).  Rosary Markings will explore various facets of the rosary all through this anniversary year.  It will be updated frequently.  

See our recent addition from November 4.  Previous Reflections are listed on our Rosary Index.  Please note that many of these documents are available in Spanish as well as English.

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New Resources

A section on international stamps with images of Mary has been added to our Resources index.  The latest added was Honduras.  Expect more countries to follow.

A section on Marian Spiritualities has also been added to our Resources index.  The latest addition was a paper on the Rosary spirituality of Faustino Perez Manglano.  Expect more articles to follow.

We have also posted material on the Marian Shrine of Queen of the Hills in Murree, Pakistan, a prayer to Our Lady of Coromoto (in English and Spanish), and a meditation on Our Lady of Refuge, Patroness of Both Californias.  We have also expanded our list of Marian Prayers by John Paul II.

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  News from the Marian Library

Vatican Exhibit on Display Now!

The Marian Library/International Marian Research Institute invites you to visit The Mother of God: Art Celebrates Mary, thirty-eight paintings and sculptures from the permanent collection of The Vatican Museums, spanning seventeen centuries of Christian art and reflecting cultures worldwide.

September 4 - November 10, 2003

Roesch and Marian Library Galleries in Roesch Library on the University of Dayton Campus.
Monday - Friday, 8:30 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.  Saturday and Sunday, 10:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.

Free Admission -- Parking Available

For tours and information call: (937) 229-4254 or email: VaticanExhibit@notes.udayton.edu.
A virtual exhibit may be seen on our Gallery section under Current Exhibit.
Seminars related to the exhibit will be held in the LTC on Thursday nights through November 20.
For details on these lectures, click into http://www.udayton.edu/mary/gallery/vatseminars.html.
Exhibits of Rosaries of the World and of Creches will also be on display during this time.
See also the article in the October 23 issue of U.D.'s Campus Report.

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Alumni Update

Sr. Marcia Vinje, former IMRI student, wrote to Fr. Roten on 10/15/2003 to tell us that her community "celebrated the 50th anniversary of our Schoenstatt Shrine here in Madison [Wisconsin] in June [2003] and were grateful for Bishop Bullock's tribute to the Schoenstatt Movement as a 'sane spirituality' ... Now we have a new bishop, Robert Morlino, who will be coming to the shrine on October 18 (Schoenstatt's Founding Day) to close the Year of the Rosary ... We have a date set for the ordination of our diaconate candidates on July 23, 2004, so that puts all our formation a little more in focus.  All of the institute members continue to grow in their spiritual formation.  I suppose you feel this kind of humble pride in your IMRI students, too, when you can witness how the Lord is leading them on their spiritual journey.  Please give my greetings to Fr. Thompson and Fr. Buby, and to anyone else there who may remember me."

N.B. Sr. Marcia also sent the CNS article, "Devotion to Mary," quoted below.

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International Marian Research Institute Course Schedule

The schedule of IMRI courses for Fall 2002 - Fall 2003 is now available for view.  
Courses for the Fall semester commenced on Oct. 20, 2003.

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Personal thoughts and reflections about Mary 
from our readers 

We've added a section to our Research and Publications section showing selected personal comments from our readers about the Virgin Mary.  Click here to see comments received within the past month.  From this page, feel free to submit your own personal thoughts on Mary.  

We also encourage our readers to submit their opinions on various styles of Marian Art through an on-line art survey.

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Marian Events

3RD ANNUAL WORLD APOSTOLATE OF FATIMA CONFERENCE

June 18-20, 2004 (Feasts of the Sacred Heart of Jesus and the Immaculate Heart of Mother Mary)

Location: Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels   555 West Temple Avenue   Los Angeles, CA 90012

Keynote Speaker: Fr. John Corapi, Society of Our Lady of the Most Holy Trinity (SOLT)

To register, call Josie at (310) 830-9131 or email at: BlueArmyLosAngel@aol.com.  Please register early as seats will fill-in real fast.  We received many inquiries from groups in different cities and various states.

Click this link for a list of all of the current Marian Events by geographical position.

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Prayer Corner Requests

You are invited to help us pray for our Prayer Corner intentions.  Please take a look!  This site has been updated and enhanced and now allows users to directly submit prayer requests or to volunteer as a prayer partner for these intentions!

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News from Around the World

Devotion to Mary: Fundamental to his ministry

The Catholic Herald [Diocese of Madison] OCT 16, 2003 [from Catholic News Service (CNS)

Last year, as he began the 25th year of his papacy, Pope John Paul II publicly entrusted himself and the church to the Virgin Mary, again displaying a lifelong personal devotion that he sees as fundamental to his ministry.

"I place everything into her hands so that with the love of a mother she will present it to her son," the pope said in St. Peter's Square in October 2002.  "I also entrust my future to her."

He underscored the message by releasing an apostolic letter on the Marian devotion of the rosary, calling it his "favorite prayer."  The letter proposed the addition of new contemplative themes to the centuries-old prayer and announced a "year of the rosary" to help Catholics rediscover its spiritual richness.

Throughout his pontificate, the pope has shown a devotion to Mary that seamlessly integrates popular piety, theological scholarship, and the expression of a personal, human relationship with the mother of God.

As a boy in Poland, the future pontiff--whose mother died when he was nine--prayed daily to Mary in his parish church and first donned the brown scapular, which he wears even today under his white pontifical robes.  As a teenager he dedicated his life to her during a visit to the Marian shrine at Jasna Gora in Czestochowa.

As a theologian, he wrote about Mary as a mother figure who could unite people.  As a bishop and later as pope, he chose as his motto "Totus Tuus," Latin for "completely yours," and addressed it to Mary.

When elected pope in 1978, he spoke of Mary in his first speech, saying he had accepted the office of the papacy in a spirit of humility to Christ and in "complete trust in his most holy mother, the Madonna."

...

Marianist Father, Johann G. Roten, director of the International Marian Research Institute at the University of Dayton, Ohio, said the pope's personal devotion to Mary also has helped spark a church-wide grassroots revival of classical devotions that feel out of favor in the immediate aftermath of the Second Vatican Council.

"He somehow lends his authority as a pope, but also as a human being, to the value and importance of those devotional practices," said Father Roten, who said he receives hundreds of e-mails a month expressing interest in traditional Marian devotions.

"We see this pope who has written books, has been a teacher of philosophy and theology, and at the same time has a very simple, straightforward, almost youthful piety," he said.

Father Roten said the pope's 1987 encyclical, Redemptoris Mater (Mother of the Redeemer), has had "quite an impact" on Marian theological studies, particularly because of its emphasis on the human and maternal presence of Mary in the church.

IN OCTOBER THE YEAR OF THE ROSARY COMES TO A CLOSE

VATICAN CITY, OCT 29, 2003 (VIS)

Due to inclement weather, today's general audience was moved from St. Peter's Square to St. Peter's Basilica and the Paul VI Hall. The Pope first greeted pilgrims in the basilica and then proceeded to the Paul VI Hall. John Paul II affirmed that "with the month of October, the Year of the Rosary," which he proclaimed from October 2002 to October of 2003, "comes to a close."

"I am so grateful to God for this time of grace in which the entire Church community has been able to explore the value and importance of the rosary, which is a Christological and contemplative prayer."

After recalling the "motto" of the Year of the Rosary, "Contemplating the face of Christ with Mary," John Paul II said that these words, taken from the apostolic letter "'Rosarium Virginis Mariae,' concisely express the authentic meaning of this prayer, both simple and profound. At the same time, they highlight the continuity between the proposal of the rosary and the path indicated to the People of God in my previous apostolic letter 'Novo millennio ineunte'."

"If at the beginning of the third millennium, Christians are called to grow as 'contemplators of Christ's face', and the ecclesiastical communities are called to become 'genuine schools of prayer', the rosary is the privileged 'Marian way,' in order to reach this dual objective."

The Pope recalled that during this year he wanted "to entrust two great prayer intentions to the People of God: peace and the family. The 21st century, born under the sign of the great jubilee year reconciliation, has unfortunately inherited from the past numerous and enduring acts of war and violence. The disconcerting attacks of September 11, 2001 and the events that followed in the world have peaked tensions on a global level. Despite these alarming situations, praying the rosary is not a retreat inside oneself, but a decision of responsible faith, a conscious choice of faith: contemplating the face of Christ, our peace and our reconciliation, we want to implore God for the gift of peace through the intercession of Mary, Most Holy. We ask her for the necessary strength to be builders of peace, beginning in our daily family life."

Referring to the family, the Holy Father emphasized that it should be "the first environment in which Christ's peace is embraced, cultivated and fostered. In our time, however, without prayer it becomes more and more difficult for the family to realize this vocation. This is why it would be very useful to take up again the beautiful custom of praying the rosary at home, as it was done in past generations. 'The family that prays together, stays together'."

"I entrust these intentions," he concluded, "to the Virgin, so that she may protect the family and obtain peace for each person and the world. I hope that all believers, accompanied by Our Lady, set out decisively on the path of sanctity, their gaze fixed on Jesus while they meditate, with the rosary, the mysteries of salvation. This will be the most precious fruit of this year dedicated to the rosary."

AG/YEAR OF THE ROSARY/... VIS 031029 (520)

From Zenit

Year of the Rosary Ends on a Note of Holiness

VATICAN CITY, NOV. 2, 2003 (Zenit.org)

John Paul II brought to a close the Year of the Rosary, and stressed the importance of the Marian prayer as a means to attain holiness.

The Pope explained this on Saturday, the solemnity of All Saints, when he prayed the Angelus with thousands of pilgrims gathered in St. Peter's Square.

"The saints and blessed of paradise remind us, pilgrims on earth, that prayer is above all the daily sustenance that does not let us lose sight of our eternal destiny," he said.

"For many of them, it was the rosary -- the prayer to which the Year that ended yesterday was dedicated -- which offered a privileged means for their daily conversation with the Lord," he added.

"The rosary led them to an ever more profound intimacy with Christ and with the Holy Virgin," the Holy Father said. Hence, the "rosary can really be a simple and accessible way for all to sanctity, which is the vocation of every baptized person."

John Paul II called the Year of the Rosary in October 2002 as he published the apostolic letter "Rosarium Virginis Mariae."

ZE03110208

Rectors Aim to Strengthen Role of Asian Shrines

Plan Associations at National and Continental Levels

MANILA, Philippines, NOV. 2, 2003 (Zenit.org)

Rectors of Asian shrines plan to establish associations at the national and continental level to give greater emphasis to evangelization through their religious facilities.

The above was expressed in a statement issued at the end of the first Asian Meeting of Shrine Rectors, held in Manila from Oct. 21-25.

The meeting, attended by representatives of 51 shrines of 14 Asian nations, reflected the vitality and attraction of Asian shrines, not only among Catholic communities, but also among believers of other religions.

"The Shrine: Place of Welcome and Encounter," was the theme of the meeting organized by the Pontifical Council for Migrants and Travelers together with the Commission on Human Mobility of the Philippine bishops' conference.

For Archbishop Agostino Marchetto, council secretary, "welcome" and "encounter" are meaningful terms for the shrines because "in welcoming many people -- including of other religions -- and in being an occasion for reciprocal exchange of gifts, they are placed in the front line of the continent's evangelization," he told Vatican Radio.

In their final statement, the rectors expressed their commitment to "explore the immense possibilities of inculturation and dialogue that arise from pilgrimages, religious meetings, liturgical celebrations, manifestations of popular devotion, charitable assistance, and even the very architecture of churches and shrines."

"We accept the challenge to open wide horizons of dialogue between cultures and with other religious groups, with the firm hope of attaining the authentic revelation of Christ," the statement said.

ZE03110204

Pregnant Pause: Spirituality for Expectant Moms

Agnes Penny Pens a Guide to Help With the Joys and Trials

WHITEHALL, Pennsylvania, OCT. 27, 2003 (Zenit.org)

When Agnes Penny was pregnant with her first child and experiencing some trials of motherhood, she couldn't find any spiritual books to help her embrace her vocation better.

After she endured months of sickness and feelings of isolation, and was rewarded with the joy of a child, she began writing to make sense of it all.

Penny continued writing during her second and third pregnancies and has recently penned a book of her gained wisdom, "Your Labor of Love: A Spiritual Companion for Expectant Mothers" (TAN).

Penny, who is expecting her fourth child in February, shared with ZENIT the delights and trials of pregnancy as a Catholic mother living in what John Paul II has called "the culture of death." ...

Q: What spiritual revelations did you experience while being pregnant and writing this book?

Penny: Although I began this book right after I had my first baby, I did do a lot of work on it during my next two pregnancies and it was tremendously helpful to me. It helped me appreciate my vocation as a mother, particularly during that very special time when I was expecting and I couldn't see or hold the baby in my womb -- yet I could love that baby and reflect on the wonderful miracle that was occurring within me.

Also, I learned to grow closer to Our Lady and to other saints who were mothers, which is vital to the vocation of motherhood. ...

During my third pregnancy, when I would sit up all night because of heartburn, I would just smile and talk to Our Lady about the baby, and about the things I wanted for my unborn child, such as purity, virtue love for the holy Eucharist. It was so much more peaceful than those restless nights I spent in the same chair two pregnancies earlier. ...

ZE03102720

From L’Osservatore Romano

Not posted this week.

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Mary in the Secular Press

The director and editors of Mary Page under the auspices of the International Marian Research Institute do not necessarily endorse or agree with the events and ideas expressed in this feature. Our sole purpose is to report on items about Mary gleaned from a myriad of papers representing the secular press.

JUNKIE CHURCH; EXCLUSIVE ADDICTS USE CONFESSION BOXES & SQUIRT BLOOD ON VIRGIN [Source: The Mirror, 9/26/2003]

JUNKIES are using a church's confessionals to shoot up - and have splattered blood over a statue of the Virgin Mary.

The drug addicts are even washing their bloody needles in the font at St Catherine's Church in Dublin.

Priests are being abused when they try to move the thugs from the Meath Street church which has been described as a "drug den".

Father Iggy O'Donovan said the problem has got so bad that he has to sweep needles and contaminated swabs from around the shrine. And a cleaner who was doing her rounds discovered the blood-spattered statue of the Virgin Mary.

Fr O'Donovan said: "That was a new low. She came out and said 'the Virgin is crying tears of blood'.

"But the statue had been desecrated. I don't know if they did it for a joke or if the blood squirted up when they were opening their arms.

"The blood running down the face of the Virgin is symptomatic of what we have come to.

"The other day I tried to get three fellows who had been injecting themselves out of the church and they turned around and called me 'a w****r'."

The Augustinian priest has been in the parish for almost five years but believes the drug problem is now worse than ever.

He said: "It makes me laugh when I see people getting worked up about bin charges. It's nothing compared to the problems we have with drugs and booze.

"The Health Minister wants to bring in a ban on smoking but the real war should be against drugs.

"I'm generally an optimist but I'm getting worried by what I see around me.

"It's as if nothing in society is sacred any more. This country has become as decadent as any other western society.
"The law of the jungle rules and community spirit is at an all-time low.

"It is a sign of the times when confession boxes in a church have to be locked to stop junkies shooting up in them."

Nun on the run [Source: UK Newsquest, 9/26/2003]

A nun carrying a model of the Virgin Mary arrived in Wandsworth last week as she continues her quest to visit every country on the planet.

Sister Ruth 62 has travelled with the three-foot Madonna through 200 countries so far and visited the Wandsworth shopping centre last Wednesday to stop and chat to people about her travels.

Sister Ruth said: "I have had abuse shouted at me in many of the non-Christian places I have visited but I will continue until I have visited every country in the world.

"It's nice for me to visit Wandsworth because I have family here and I shall be visiting Putney and Battersea in the next few days also." The intrepid devotee who is half English and half Portugese is based at the One in Christ convent in the Irish town of Cork.

School proud of pilgrimage girls [Source: UK Newsquest, 9/23/2003]

The pupils all aged 16 went to France when they joined the Raphael Pilgrimage to Lourdes where apparitions of the Virgin Mary are alleged to have taken place.

They went as helpers to sick pilgrims who went in hope of a miracle cure. The girls kept the pilgrims company as well as entertaining them with their singing saxophone and flute playing.

Charlotte Byrne from Droitwich and Lucy Abbs Lucy Phelps and Adele Ashby from Worcester were chosen to make the trip by their school in Mount Battenhall.

It was the first time pupils from the school had gone. The girls were led by Sister Mary Joseph who has been making the pilgrimage for 10 years.

Around 30 people from Worcester and Droitwich met up with 140 other pilgrims on the journey.

During their five-day stay a typical day for the helpers known as hand maids included getting up at 6am waking the pilgrims making tea making the beds taking the pilgrims on trips and attending mass before retiring to bed at midnight.

Some of the highlights of the week included joining 10 000 people from around the world in a candle-lit evening procession though Lourdes and visiting the Pyrenees.

The pilgrimage is run by a trust called the Cheshire Ryder Foundation.

"It was an amazing experience and extremely moving " said Lucy Abbs.

"I've never done anything like this before and it was nice to have the opportunity."

Lucy Phelps described the experience as emotional.

"It was sad to see the people so ill but if you can make them happy in some way that is a good start " she said.

Sister Joseph said the pupils did a magnificent job.

"We were all there for the sick " she said. "These girls are all gifted and their singing and music lifted the spirits of the pilgrims.

"The school is very proud of them."

Dame Judi backs Mystery Plays campaign [Source: UK Newsquest, 9/17/2003]

DAME Judi Dench has thrown her support behind the Evening Press campaign to save York's Mystery Plays.

York's most famous daughter was involved in the first three productions in the Museum Gardens in the 1950s, performing as the Virgin Mary in 1957 before going on to a glittering career in theatre film and TV. Now she has told the Press that she feels "very strongly indeed" about the news that the next major staged production of the Plays may not take place until at least 2010.

"Wherever I have been in the world I have been astonished by the number of people who have told me that they have seen the Plays and the enthusiasm for the York Cycle is phenomenal " she wrote.

"It is a wonderful way of bringing visitors to York not only from the British Isles but from all over the world."

She said she had been associated - "with my entire family" - with the very first staging in 1951 by E Martin Brown and had appeared in the Plays on the two following occasions.

"I feel very strongly indeed about the news that they may not be performed again until 2010.

"I feel passionate that the Mystery Plays should continue in the tradition of being staged every four years and I totally support your efforts to achieve this."

Her comments come only a week after the creation of a new York Mystery Plays Association whose aim is to ensure they are performed again in the Museum Gardens if possible in 2005.

Former Lord Mayor Keith Wood who will chair a working party to investigate the feasibility welcomed news that Dame Judi was backing the campaign. "I am delighted that she is so supportive " he said.

Pope to travel to Pompeii by helicopter next month [Source: Agence France Presse, 9/15/2003]

Pope John Paul II is to visit the ancient city of Pompeii in southern Italy next month to visit a shrine to the Virgin Mary, the Vatican said on Monday.

The 83-year-old pope, who is badly affected by Parkinson's disease, will travel to the city by helicopter on October 7, thanks to a specially designed elevator that will enable him to climb on board the aircraft.

The pope had recently stopped travelling by helicopter because of the difficulty of clambering on and off.

He is due to leave his summer residence in Castel Gandolfo, outside Rome, at daybreak and fly into Pompeii, near Naples, where he will be driven to the holy shrine.

The entire visit is expected to last only a few hours, according to church sources in Pompeii.

The head of the Roman Catholic Church has travelled to Pompeii once before, in 1979. This will be his 143rd trip inside Italy.

GROTTO DESECRATED [Source: The People, 9/14/2003]

LOCALS were horrified when thugs caused an estimated EUR3,000 damage at a grotto in Co Kerry.

Vandals destroyed statues of St Bernadette and the Virgin Mary at a grotto in Currow.

Faces and hands of the statues were destroyed at the grotto at Dicksgrove Cross.

Churches question nativity campaign [Source: Gloucestershire Echo, 9/12/2003]

The poster shows the young Christ lying in a manger in a traditional nativity scene with the Virgin Mary gazing down. But instead of traditional swaddling clothes he is clad in the red and white suit of Santa Claus.

Underneath is the caption "Go on, ask Him for something this Christmas." Churches in the county are being invited to order the poster and display it in the run up to Christmas.

It is the latest shock campaign from the Churches Advertising Network, which has previously shown Jesus as the Marxist revolutionary Che Guevara.

CAN is an independent ecumenical body which produces advertising campaigns to support churches and encourage people to think about Christianity.

While not an official Church of England scheme, the Diocese of Gloucester has applauded the campaign.

Spokesman Geoff Crago said: "On the whole the diocese would say such campaigns are a very good thing because they get people talking.

"There have been individuals who have protested.

"But most people certainly say that God has a sense of humour and it's good to use a sense of humour." But Father Richard Dwyer, of St Thomas More Roman Catholic Church, in Princess Elizabeth Way, Hester's Way, said: "My own reaction would be to crawl up in horror.

"Jesus is the Son of God and God is the source of all. Depicting Jesus as Santa Claus is not helping to put forward the truth of Jesus Christ." John Smuts, the minister at Cambray Baptist Church in Cambray Place, Cheltenham, welcomed the move.

He said: "I think it's excellent. I really like it. It puts side-by-side two classical Christmas card images. It makes us wonder what Christmas is all about.

"It asks whether Jesus is the man who came to save the world or is it all about the material side of Christmas where we just ask for more material things." CAN produces a Christmas and Easter poster each year.

The 2002 campaign showed one of the three kings presenting his gift to baby Jesus, with the slogan: "At this point, the first King realised he'd left the price tag on." Spokesman Francis Goodwin said: "There are generations growing up thinking Christmas is just about trees and presents.

"That is part of the story, but certainly not all of it."

THE MOBILE MEDIA (ESCAPE TO THE ISLANDS) [Source: Business World (Philippines), 9/29/2003]

The Blessed Virgin Mary of the Catholic faith goes by many names. A litany of her names - such as Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary, Mother of Christ, Lady of the Light - are commonly recited at the end of a community rosary prayer.

In the Philippines, children are often taught to call her Mama Mary. Many towns in the provinces have special labels for her. She is the Our Lady of Manaoag in Manaoag, Pangasinan and the Lady of Good Voyage in Antipolo, Rizal - both images are believed to be miraculous and have a good number of devoted followers. Naga City in Bicol has a special one too. And this one is quite interesting. The name Penafrancia comes from a place called Sierra de Francia. Translated in English, the words Pena de Francia mean the "Peak of Francia." The place is not in France, but in Spain. Sierra de Francia is a mountain in the southwestern part of Salamanca province in Spain.

According to the legend, there was a man named Simon living in France who came from a religious family. He entered a Franciscan monastery and became a devotee of the Virgin Mary. One night a voice woke him up saying "Simon, wake up, from now on you shall be called Simon Vela, go to Pena de Francia, where the sun goes to sleep and seek the image of the Virgin which shall become a great inspiration to many."

He consulted his spiritual director and was told to forget it because it was too incredible. The voice woke him up again on other nights with the same message. This time he decided to follow the voice. He went towards the west as the voice instructed him to do. He travelled for five years looking for the image. No one was able to tell him where Pena de Francia was. He was tempted to give up, but when he was about to, the voice spoke to him again and said that he should "not lose hope, a great reward is coming when he finds it.

He decided to go to the University of Salamanca in Spain to find answers from the professors there who are famous for their knowledge and wisdom.

He reached Salamanca on a busy market day. He overheard two coal vendors extolling the virtues of their products. One of them remarked that his coal came from Pena de Francia.

He followed the vendor on his way home. He reached a village called San Martin de Castanar and there he asked for direction. The village was at the foot of Sierra de Francia and the people told him where Pena de Francia was.

The night before he went up to dig, the voice came again and told him to bring companions to help him find the image. He was able to gather five men, who each had some form of ailment. They found the image at last beneath a boulder in May 19, 1534. As soon as they saw the image, the ailments of the five men disappeared. Simon Vela, who was suffering a head injury, was also cured instantly.

Today, the testimony of the event, signed by the five men, is in the archives of San Martin de Castanar in Spain. The image became Our Lady of Penafrancia.

It was a story that spread across the globe. The Lady is now the patroness of the Bicol region.

Fr. Miguel Robles de Covarrubias started the feast of Our Lady of Penafrancia in Bicol during the 1700s.

The Penafrancia festival is held in her honor each year in Naga City on the third Saturday of September.

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This page, maintained by The Marian Library/International Marian Research Institute, Dayton, Ohio 45469-1390, and created by Kris Sommers , was last modified Monday, 03/29/2004 15:24:43 EST by Michael P. Duricy . Please send any comments to jroten1@udayton.edu.