Numquam Cadet

It Will Never Fall

A unicorn is sitting in the crown of a tree which bears the name of Mary. The unicorn stands for Christ who is--like the unicorn--a miracle and mystery of nature, and lets himself be tamed only by a Virgin. The inscription, it will never fall, points to the permanent unity between Christ and his mother. The tree, symbol of Mary, may suggest perseverance and motherly love, more specifically it points out that Mary through her intimacy with Christ and the holiness she derives from him, makes Christ visible and attracts people's attention to him and not to herself.

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Ad Lucem Veniunt

They Are Seeking the Light

Fish are swimming toward the boat in whose midst a lit lantern has been placed. In Aresis' Imprese sacre this emblem symbolizes discipleship, the apostles following Christ. Here the brightly shining lantern does not refer to Christ but to Mary. The burning candle placed inside the lantern resists wind and thunderstorm. It will not be snuffed out, and therefore becomes a beacon for the many pious souls who are seeking the light. However, the light of the world is Jesus Christ (John 3:21), and thus Mary's light must lead to the very source of her own light which is in God, and became visible in Jesus Christ.

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Hortus Conclusus

Enclosed Garden

Mary is compared to the enclosed or closed garden as mentioned in the Canticle of Canticles (4:12). This is one of the oldest symbols of Mary's sinlessness and immaculateness. It was included in the Litanies of Loreto. Since Mary's purity is the equivalent of great beauty, it was the custom in the middle ages and later on to design the enclosed garden as paradise garden filled with flowers and aromatic plants. Here, the garden reflects the Renaissance canon of beauty with its penchant for symmetry and geometric proportions. In its midst we discover a tree, probably in reference to the tree of life, meaning Christ Jesus himself.

Mary's love is exclusive. There is room in her heart for Christ alone. Such is the meaning of the enclosed garden. But Jesus is the source of life and love, and thus love springs forth from the heart of Mary and becomes visible and palpable to all who contemplate her enclosed garden, meaning her uniquely dedicated heart.

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Sine Macula

The Stainless Mirror

A spheric mirror stands on a hovering cloud. The mirror is an old and well known Marian symbol. Here it signifies Mary's sinlessness. This motif has its origin in the Book of Wisdom (7:26): "She is (wisdom) a reflection of the eternal light, and a stainless mirror of God's majesty." (speculum sine macula) The cloud points to Mary's exalted station, and the two decorative trees flanking the mirror are expressions of youth and purity, reaching beyond this life into eternity.

This symbol of the Immaculate can be found in Raphael Sadeler's engravings of the Litanies of Loreto (1601/04) and Picinelli's Mondo simbolico. The latter refers to the Song of Songs: "Pulchra es ... macula non est in te." [You are beautiful and there is no stain in you." (4:7)]

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This page, maintained by The Marian Library/International Marian Research Institute, Dayton, Ohio 45469-1390, and created by J. C. Tierney , was last modified Tuesday, 12/07/2010 15:28:12 EST by Ramya Jairam . Please send any comments to jroten1@udayton.edu.