Kaethe Kollwitz (German, 1867-1945)
Intaglio; 1907

Kollwitz, considered by many to be an Expressionist, never gave into the wild exaggerations of Die Brucke or even the Blaue Reiter.  She may be more precisely placed among the German Social Realists although the extremes of emotions that she is able to cause in her viewers make her larger than many in that category.  While her work does not directly reference biblical subjects, like Coe she exhibits a moralism rooted in a Judeo-Christian worldview.  Inspiration was made to be a part of her Peasant War Series but was not included in the final portfolio.  Since it was said that her work could cause riots, it is not surprising that the National Socialists condemned her as an entartete artist.



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